Jeff R. Crandall

Jeff CrandallJeff R. Crandall
Nancy and Neal Wade Professor of Engineering and Applied Science
Professor, Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Biomedical Engineering, and Emergency Medicine
Director, Center for Applied Biomechanics | 434.297.8031

Prof. Crandall has served as the Director of the University’s Center for Applied Biomechanics since 1994.  His research focuses on understanding human response and injury with applications in automobile safety, sports, and military protection.  He has extensive experience with experimental biomechanics spanning the length scales of tissue samples to whole body cadavers.   Prof. Crandall has been integral in the development of advanced dummies including THOR and the Polar Pedestrian dummy as well as in the evaluation of numerous frontal and side impact adult and child dummies. He was the principal investigator for the Global Human Body Pelvis and Lower Extremity Center of Excellence.   He has been involved in CIREN for nearly 20 years, first as a subcontractor (Maryland, National Children’s Medical Center, INOVA) and then as PI for the UVA/INOVA CIREN Center.  He is a fellow of SAE and the AAAM, past-president of AAAM, and past-president of the International Research Council on Biomechanics of Injury (IRCOBI). He has authored more than 500 technical papers and has received numerous awards including the United States Government Award for Engineering Excellence.


  • PhD, Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering, University of Virginia
  • ME, Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering, University of Virginia
  • AB, Engineering Sciences, Dartmouth College

Research Interests

  • Injury biomechanics – automobile, sports, and military applications
  • Occupant Restraint performance and optimization
  • Pedestrian Injury and countermeasure evaluations
  • Experimental design and development of advanced dummies (frontal, side, pedestrian)
  • Injury biomechanics of head, chest, abdomen, and lower limb
  • Real-world investigation of crashes and injury mechanisms
  • Characterization of biological materials and structures

Awards & Affiliations

  • Former President, International Research Council on Biomechanics of Injury
  • Chair, NFL Head, Neck, and Spine Engineering Subcommittee
  • Fellow, Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine
  • Fellow, Society of Automotive Engineers
  • UVA SEAS Distinguished Faculty Award
  • US Government Award for Engineering Excellence (DOT)

Selected Publications

  • Simulating the road forward: the role of computational modelling in realizing future opportunities in traffic safety. International Journal of Vehicle Safety. 2014; 7(3): 296-326.
  • A Review of Pelvic Fractures in Adult Pedestrians: Experimental Studies Involving PMHS used to Determine Injury Criteria for Pedestrians Dummies and Component Test Procedures. Traffic Injury Prevention. 2014; 16(1): 62-69.
  • Development and assessment of a device and method for studying the mechanical interactions between shoes and playing surfaces in-situ at loads and rates generated by elite athletes. Sports Biomechanics. 2012; 11(3):414-429.
  • Etiology and Biomechanics of Tarsometatarsal Injuries in Professional Football Players: A Video Analysis. Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine. 2014; 2(3), 2325967114525347.
  • Development of structural and material clavicle response corridors under axial compression and three point bending loading for clavicle: Finite Element model validation. Journal of Biomechanics. 2014; 47(11), 2563-2570.
    For more publications see: Google Scholar | ResearchGate

Other Interests

  • Travel, Gardening