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Papers Published by Researchers at the Center for Applied Biomechanics

 (1036 papers listed by year then first author)

  

Crandall, JR, Lessley, DJ, Shaw, CG, Ash, JH. (2014) Displacement response of the spine in restrained PMHS during frontal impacts. JSAE International Journal of Automotive Engineering, 5(2): 59-64.

Holcombe, S, Kindig, M, Zhang, P, Parenteau, C, Rabban, P, Hully, L, Wang, S. (2014) Age based Predictive Model of the Pediatric Ribcage. JSAE International Journal of Automotive Engineering, 5(2): 15-22.

Kent, RW, Lievers, WB, Riley, PO, Frimenko RE, Crandall, JR. (2014) Etiology and Biomechanics of Tarsometatarsal Injuries in Professional Football Players- A Video Analysis. Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine, 3(2).

Kim, T, Kerrigan, JR, Bollapragada V, Crandall, JR, Tangirala R, Guerrero M. (2014) Rollover Initation Simulations for Designing Rollover Initiation Test System (RITS). Paper 2014-01-0530, Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE).

Lessley, DJ, Shaw, CG, Ash, JH, Crandall, JR. (2014) A Methodology for Assessing Intrasegmental Kinematics of the Whole Human Spine during Impacts. JSAE International Journal of Automotive Engineering, 5(14): 1-6.

Lopez-Valdes, FJ, Riley, PO, Lessley, DJ, Arbogast KB, Seacrist T, Balasubramanian S, Maltese M, Kent, RW. (2014) The six degrees of freedom motion of the human head, spine, and pelvis in a frontal impact. Traffic Injury Prevention, 15(3): 294-301.

Park, G, Kim, T, Crandall, JR, Svendsen, A, Suanders, N, Markusic, C. (2014) Evaluation of Biofidelity of Side Impact Computational Surrogates (ES-2re, WorldSID, GHBMC). Paper 2014-01-0541, Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE).

Sanchez-Molina D;Velazquez-Ameijide J;Arregui-Dalmases C;Rodriguez D;Quintana V;Shafieian M;Crandall JR; (2014) A microcontinuum model for mechanical properties of esophageal tissue: experimental methodology and constitutive analysis. Annals of Biomedical Engineering, 42(1): 62-72.

Shaw, CG, Lessley, DJ, Ash, JH, Crandall, JR. (2014) Development of an alternative frontal impact condition to assess thoracic response using THOR mod kit dummy. JSAE International Journal of Automotive Engineering, 5: 39-46.

Shaw, CG, Lessley, DJ, Ash, JL, Sochor, MR, Crandall, JR, Luzon-Narro, J, Arregui-Dalmases, C. (2014) Side impact PMHS thoracic response with large-volume air bag. Traffic Injury Prevention, 15(1): 40-47.

Ash, JH, Shaw, CG, Lessley, DJ, Crandall, JR. (2013) PMHS Restraint and Support Surface Forces in Simulated Frontal Crashes. JSAE International Journal of Automotive Engineering, 4(2): 41-46.

Bose, D, Arregui-Dalmases, C, Sanchez-Molina, D, Velazquez-Ameijide, J, Crandall, JR. (2013) Increased risk of driver fatality due to unrestrained rear-seat passengers in severe frontal crashes. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 53: 100-104.

Christopher, JJ, Sochor, MR, Pellettiere, J, Salzar, RS. (2012) Assessment of Ear- and Tooth-Mounted Accelerometers as Representative of Human Head Response. Poster presented at the Injury Biomechanics Symposium, The Ohio State University.

Forman JL, Lopez-Valdes FJ, Lessley, DJ, Riley, PO, Sochor M, Heltzel S, Ash J, Perz R, Kent, RW, Seacrist T, Arbogast KB, Tanji H, Higuchi K, (2013) Occupant kinematics and shoulder belt retention in far-side lateral and oblique collisions: a parametric study. Stapp Car Crash Journal, 57: 343-385.

Frimenko, RE, Lievers, WB, Riley, PO, Park, JS, Hogan, MV, Crandall, JR, Kent, RW. (2013) Development of an injury risk function for first metatarsophalangeal joint sprains. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 45(11): 2144-2150.

G. Park, T. Kim, J. Ash, D. Lessley, G. Shaw, J. Crandall (2013) Evaluation of ES-2re dummy FE model under side impact sled tests with side airbag condition. Proceedings of the Injury Biomechanics Symposium at the Ohio State University, 9.

Gabler L, Stone J, Mourad P, Crandall, JR, Salzar R (2013) Region Specific Viscoelastic Properties of the Adult Rat Brain under Indentation following Traumatic Brain Injury. IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact.

Ganpule, S, Alai, A, Salzar, RS, Chandra, N. (2013) Response of post-mortem human head under primary blast loading conditions – effect of blast overpressures. Proceedings of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers 2013 International Mechanical Engineering Congress & Exposition, San Diego.

Hamzah, M, Subit, D, Boruah, S, Forman, JL, Crandall, JR, Ito, D, Ejima, S, Kamiji, K, Yasuki, T (2013) An Inverse Finite Element Approach for Estimating the Fiber Orientations in Intercostal Muscles. IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact.

Hue, CD;Cao S;Haider, SF;Vo, KV;Effgen, GB;Vogel, IE;Panzer, MB;Bass, CD;Meaney, D;Morrison, IB. (2013) Blood-Brain Barrier Dysfunction after Primary Blast Injury In Vitro. Journal of Neurotrauma, 30(19): 1652-1663.

Kent, RW, Forman, JL, Lessley, DJ, Arbogast, K, Higuchi, K. (2013) A Parametric Study of Far-Side Restraint Mechanics. Paper 13-0381, International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV), 23.

Kerrigan, JR, Sanchez-Molina, D, Neggers, J, Arregui-Dalmases, C, Velazquez-Ameijide, J, Crandall, JR. (2014) Indentation response of human patella with material parameter correlation to localized fractal dimension and bone mineral density. Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, 33:99-108.

Kim, T, Bollapragada, V, Kerrigan, JR, Crandall, JR, Clauser, M. (2013) Effects of Types of Vehicles and Maneuvers on Vehicle Kinematics During Steering-Induced Soil-Trip Rollovers. Paper 13-0050, International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV), 23.

Kim, T, Bollapragada, V, Kerrigan, JR, Crandall, JR, Tangirala, R, Guerrero, M (2013) Effects of an ESC algorithm on mitigating rollover crashes and touchdown conditions during steering-induced soil-tripped maneuvers. KSAE, Il-san, South Korea, November.

Kim, T, Shin, J, Ye, X, Crandall, JR, Knospe, C, Funk, JR. (2013) Evaluation of Methods for Development of Representative Response and Corridors of Biomechanical Data using Mass-Spring-Damper Models. International Journal of Crashworthiness, 18(6): 633-646.

Kindig MW, Li, Z, Kent, RW, Subit,D. (2013) Effect of intercostal muscle and costovertebral joint material properties on human ribcage stiffness and kinematics. Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering.

Kindig, MW, Kent, RW. (2013) Characterization of the centroidal geometry of human ribs. Journal of Biomechanical Engineering, 135(11): 111007-.

L. Gabler, J. Crandall, R. Salzar (2013) Mechanical response of the human sub-calcaneal heel pad under high rate compression. Proceedings of the Injury Biomechanics Symposium at the Ohio State University, 9.

Lessley, DJ, Riley, P, Zhang Q, Foltz P, Lockerby J, Seppi J, Overby B, Sochor M, Crandall, JR, Kerrigan JR (2013) Whole-Body Kinematics in Dynamic Rollover Tests: A Comparison of PMHS Responses for Leading-Side and Trailing-Side Front-Row Seating Positions. International Workshop on Human Subjects for Biomechanical Research, 41, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, US DOT.

Li, Z, Kindig, MW, Kerrigan, JR, Kent, RW, Crandall, JR. (2013) Development and validation of a subject-specific finite element model of a human clavicle. Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering, 16(8): 819-829.

Lockerby, J, Kerrigan, JR, Seppi, J, Crandall, JR. (2013) Optical Measurement of High-Rate Dynamic Vehicle Roof Deformation during Rollover. Paper 2013-01-0470, Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE).

Lopez‐Valdes, FJ, Juste Lorente, O, Alba, J. (2013) Preventing Pediatric Out‐of‐Position in Frontal Crashes: Impact Assessment of a Head Support System. IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact.

Panzer, MB, Salzar, RS, Crandall, JR. (2013) Finite Element Modeling of Lower Extremity Fractures in Occupant Subject to Under-Vehicle Blasts. U.S. National Congress on Computational Mechanics, Raleigh, NC. July 2013.

Park, G, Kim, T, Crandall, JR, Arregui-Dalmases C, Luzon-Narro J (2013) Comparison of Kinematics of GHBMC to PMHS on the Side Impact Condition. IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact.

Perz R, Toczyski J, Kindig M, Ito D, Ejima S, Kamiji K, Yasuki T, Crandall, JR, Subit D (2013) Evaluation of the Geometrical Properties Distribution Along the Human Ribs Using Different X-Ray Imaging Methods. IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact.

Poulard, D, Bermond, F, Bruyere, K. (2013) In Vivo Analysis of Thoracic Mechanical Response Variability under Belt Loading: Specific Behavior and Relationship to Age, Gender and Body Mass Index. Stapp Car Crash Journal, 57: 59-87.

Q. Zhang, J. Kerrigan, M. Kindig, J. Crandall (2013) Axial injury tolerance of the clavicle and the effect of age, gender and boundary conditions. Proceedings of the Injury Biomechanics Symposium at the Ohio State University, 9.

R. Perz, J. Toczyski, J. Crandall, D. Subit (2013) A method to extrapolate the geometrical properties of human ribs using micro-CT and clinical-CT images. Proceedings of the Injury Biomechanics Symposium at the Ohio State University, 9.

Riley, PO, Kent, RW, Dierks, TA, Lievers, WB, Frimenko, RE, Crandall, JR. (2013) Foot kinematics and loading of professional athletes in American football-specific tasks. Gait and Posture, 38(4): 563-569.

Salzar, RS, Crandall, JR, Bailey, A, Lievers, WB. (2013) Lower Extremity Biomechanics in Accidental Injury – Biomechanics and Prevention; Third Edition, Editors: Naraya Yoganandan, Alan Nahum, and John Melvin. Springer, New York, NY.

Salzar, RS, Lau, S, Lessley, DJ, Sochor, MR, Shaw, CG, Kent, RW, Crandall, JR (2013) Thoracic Response to Shoulder-Belt Loading: Comparison of Table-Top and frontal Sled Tests with PMHS. Traffic Injury Prevention, 14(2):159-67.

Sanchez-Molina, D, Velazquez-Ameijide, J, Quintana, V, Arregui-Dalmases, C, Crandall, JR, Subit, D, Kerrigan, JR. (2012) Fractal dimension and mechanical properties of human cortical bone. Medical Engineering and Physics, 35(5): 576-582.

Shaw, CG, Lessley, DJ, Ash, J, Crandall, JR, Parent, DP. (2013) Response Comparison for the Hybrid III, THOR Mod Kit with SD-3 Shoulder, and PMHS in a Simulated Frontal Crash. Paper 13-0130, International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV), 23.

Subit, D, Arregui C, Salzar, RS, Crandall, JR (2013) Pediatric, Adult and Elderly Bone Material Properties. IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact.

Subit, D, Boruah, S, Forman, JL, Salzar, RS, Crandall, JR. (2013) Strain distribution in the human ribs during antero-posterior loading. JSAE Annual Congress, Yokohama, Japan. May 23, 2013.

Subit, D, Shaw, CG, Ogam, E, Ejima, S, Crandall, JR. (2010) Wavelet analysis of piezoelectric transducer signals to detect rib fracture during impact tests. International Journal of Crashworthiness, 18(3): 251-263.

Toczyski, J, Kerrigan, JR, Mohan, P, Crandall, JR. (2013) Design of a Deformable Vehicle Roof Structure for Rollover Crash Testing with a Test Buck. Paper 13-0203, International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV), 23.

Untaroiu, CD, Yue, N, Shin, J. (2013) A finite element model of the lower limb for simulating automotive impacts. Annals of Biomedical Engineering, 41(3): 513-526.

Wood, GW, Panzer, MB, Shridharani, JK, Matthews, KA, Bass, CR (2013) Attenuation of Blast Overpressure Behind Ballistic Protective Vests. Injury Prevention. 19(1): 19-25.

X. Ye, D. Bose, J. Crandall (2013) Longitudinal trend and patterns in lower extremity injuries sustained in frontal motor vehicle crashes. Proceedings of the Injury Biomechanics Symposium at the Ohio State University, 9.

Yue N, Shin J, Panzer M, Crandall, JR, Parent D, Updates of the Lower Extremity of the THOR-NT 50th Finite Element Dummy to Mod-Kit Specifications. Paper 13-0328, International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV), 23.

Zhang Q, Kerrigan J, Lessley D, Seppi J, Riley, P, Foltz P, Lockerby J, Overby B, Sowers C, Crandall JR. (2013) Whole-body Kinematics: Response Comparison of the Hybrid III and Hybrid III Pedestrian ATD in DRoTS Rollover Tests. IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact.

Arbogast, KB, Mathews, EA, Seacrist, T, Maltese, MR, Hammond, R, Balasubramanian, S, Kent, RW, Tanji, H, St LS, Higuchi, K. (2012) The effect of pretensioning and age on torso rollout in restrained human volunteers in far-side lateral and oblique loading. Stapp Car Crash Journal, 56(): 443-467.

Ash, JH, Lessley, DJ, Forman, JL, Zhang Q, Shaw, CG, Crandall, JR. (2012) Whole-Body Kinematics: Response Corridors for Restrained PMHS in Frontal Impacts. IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact.

Ash, JH, Shaw, CG, Lessley, DJ, Crandall, JR. (2012) PMHS Restraint and Support Surface Forces in Simulated Frontal Crashes. Paper 20125221, JSAE Annual Congress, Yokohama, Japan, May 16-18.

Bailey, AM, Boruah, S, Christopher, JJ, Bennett, BC, Shafieian, M, Cronin, DS, Salzar, RS (2012) Injury Potential of Shock Induced Compressive Waves on Human Bone. 2012 SEM International Congress, Costa Mesa, CA.

Bailey, AM, Boruah, S, Christopher, JJ, Shafieian, M, Salzar, RS, Cronin, DS. (2012) Finite Element Analysis of the Injury Potential of Shock-Induced Compressive Waves on Human Bone. Proceedings of the Injury Biomechanics Symposium at the Ohio State University.

Bass, CR, Panzer, MB, Rafaels, KA, Wood, G, Shridharani, J, Capehart, B. (2012) Brain injuries from blast. Annals of Biomedical Engineering, 40(1): 185-202.

Bigler, BR, Panzer, MB, Bass, CR. (2012) A Quasilinear Viscoelastic Fractional-Order Model of the Lung Parenchyma for Physiologic and Primary Blast Loading. 2012 Biomedical Engineering Society Annual Meeting. Atlanta, GA.

Boruah, S, Subit, D, Salzar, RS. (2012) Bone material properties of the adult human skull. 83rd Annual Scientific Meeting of the Aerospace Medical Association, Atlanta, GA.

Christopher, JJ, Sochor, MR, Pellettiere, J, Salzar, RS. (2012) Assessment of Ear- and Tooth-Mounted Accelerometers as Representative of Human Head Response. Paper 2013-01-0805, Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE).

Crandall, JR, Lessley, DJ, Shaw, CG, Ash, JH. (2012) Displacement response of the spine in restrained PMHS during frontal impacts. Paper 20125182, JSAE Annual Congress, Yokohama, Japan, May 16-18.

Crandall, JR, Myers, BS, Meaney, DF, Schmidtke, S. (2012) Pediatric Injury Biomechanics: Archive and Textbook, Springer Verlag, Springer.

Effgen, GB, Hue, CD, Vogel, EV, Panzer, MB, Meaney, DF, Bass, CR, Morrison, III B (2012) A Multiscale Approach to Blast Neurotrauma Modeling: Part II: Methodology for Inducing Blast Injury in In Vitro Models. Frontiers of Neurotrauma. 3:23, 1-10.

Forman, JL, del Pozo, E, Symeonidis, I, Duart, J, Kerrigan, JR, Salzar, RS, Balasubramanian, S, Segui-Gomez, M, Kent, RW. (2012) Fracture Tolerance Related to Skeletal Development and Aging Throughout Life: 3-Point Bending of Human Femurs. IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact.

Forman, JL, Kent, RW, Mroz, K, Pipkorn, B, Bostrom, O, Segui-Gomez, M. (2012) Predicting rib fracture risk with whole-body finite element models: development and preliminary evaluation of a probabilistic analytical framework. Annals of Advances in Automotive Medicine (AAAM) 55: 109-124.

Forman, JL, Lopez-Valdes, FJ, Pollack, K, Heredero-Ordoyo, R, Molinero, A, Mansilla, A, Fildes, B, Segui-Gomez, M. (2012) Injuries among powered two-wheeler users in eight European countries: A descriptive analysis of hospital discharge data. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 49: 229-236.

Foster, J, Kerrigan, JR, Nightingale, R, Funk, JR, Cormier, J, Bose, D, Sochor, MR, Ridella, S, Ash, JH, Crandall, JR. (2012) Analysis of Cervical Spine Injuries and Mechanisms for CIREN Rollover Crashes. IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact.

Frimenko, R, Lievers, W, Riley, PO, Crandall, JR, Kent, RW. (2012) A Method to Induce Navicular-Cuneiform/Cuneiform-First Metatarsal Sprain in Athletes. IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact.

Frimenko, RE, Lievers, W, Coughlin, MJ, Anderson, RB, Crandall, JR, Kent, RW. (2012) Etiology and biomechanics of first metatarsophalangeal joint sprains (turf toe) in athletes. Crit Rev Biomed Eng, 40(1): 43-61.

Funk, JR, Rudd, RW, King, RJ, Srinivasan, SC, Bailey, AM, Crandall, JR. (2012) Injuries caused by brake pedal loading of the midfoot. Biomedical Sciences Instrumentation, 48: 134-140.

Gabler, L, Crandall, JR, Salzar, RS, Shafieian, M, Stone, J. (2012) Validation of spherical indentation methodology to characterize material properties of brain tissue. Proceedings of the Injury Biomechanics Symposium at the Ohio State University.

Gullotti, D, Chen, YC, Patel, T, Jaumard, N, Merdiuschev, T, Winkelstein, B, Morrison, B, Bass, CR, Panzer, MB, Meaney, D. (2012) A Model of Blast-Induced Traumatic Brain Injury in Mice. 2012 National Neurotrauma Society Meeting. Phoenix, AZ.

Hue, C, Vo, K, Effgen, G, Vogel, E, Panzer, MB, Bass, CR, Meaney, D, Morrison, B. (2012) Integrity Disruption of an In Vitro Blood-Brain Barrier Model Following Exposure to Blast Overpressure. IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact.

Hue, CD, Vo, KV, Panzer, MB, Bass, CR, Meaney, DF, Morrison, III, B. (2012) Blast-Induced Disruption of an In Vitro Blood-Brain Barrier Model. 2012 National Neurotrauma Society Meeting. Phoenix, AZ.

Kent, RW, Crandall, JR, Bose D (2012) Injury Biomechanics, in Orthopedic Biomechanics, B. Winklestein (ed.) CRC Press.

Kent, RW, Crandall, JR, Forman, JL, Lessley, DJ, Lau, A, Garson, C. (2012) Development and assessment of a device and method for studying the mechanical interactions between shoes and playing surfaces in-situ at loads and rates generated by elite athletes. Sports Biomechanics, 11(3): 414-429.

Kent, RW, Lopez-Valdes, FJ, Lamp, JF, Lau, SH, Parent, DP, Kerrigan, JR, Lessley, DJ, Salzar, RS, Sochor, MR, Bass, CR, Maltese, M (2012) Biomechanical response targets for physical and computational models of the pediatric trunk. Traffic Injury Prevention, 13(5): 499-506.

Kerrigan, JR, Arregui-Dalmases, C, Crandall, JR. (2012) Assessment of pedestrian head impact dynamics in small sedan and large SUV collisions. International Journal of Crashworthiness, 17(3): 243-258.

Kerrigan, JR, Arregui-Dalmases, C, Foster, J, Crandall, JR, Rizzo, A (2012) Pedestrian Injury Analysis: Field Data vs. Laboratory Experiments. IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact.

Kim, T, Shin, J, Ye, X, Crandall, JR, Knospe, C, Funk, JR. (2012) Evaluation of Methods for Development of Representative Response and Corridors of Biomechanical Data using Mass-Spring-Damper Models. ICRASH Conference, Milan Italy, July 18-20.

Lessley, DJ, Shaw, CG, Ash, JH, Crandall, JR. (2012) A methodology for assessing intrasegmental kinematics of the whole human spine during impacts. Paper 20125179, JSAE Annual Congress, Yokohama, Japan, May 16-18.

Lievers, WB, Frimenko, RE, Crandall, JR, Kent, RW, Park, JS. (2012) Age, sex, causal and injury patterns in tarsometatarsal dislocations: a literature review of over 2000 cases. Foot (Edinb ), 22(3): 117-124.

Lloyd, A, Van Ee, C, Panzer, MB, Bass, CR, Myers, BS. (2012) Skull Biomechanics. Orthopaedic Biomechanics. Ed. Winkelstein BA. CRC Press.

Lopez-Valdes, FJ, Cuadros, M, Cano, C, Concha, A, Blanco, A. (2012) Biomedical application of fuzzy association rules for identifying breast cancer biomarkers. Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing, 50(9): 981-990.

Lopez-Valdes, FJ, Seacrist, T, Arbogast, KB, Balasubramanian, S, Maltese, MR, Tanji, H, Higuchi, K, Kent, RW. (2012) A methodology to estimate the kinematics of pediatric occupants in frontal impacts. Traffic Injury Prevention, 13(4): 393-401.

Luzon-Narro, J, Arregui-Dalmases, C. (2012) Innovative Passive and Active Countermeasures for Near Side Crash Safety. Paper 2012-105, Proceedings of the International Crashworthiness Conference.

Panzer MB; Myers BS; Capehart BP; Bass CR; (2012) Development of a Finite Element Model for Blast Brain Injury and the Effects of CSF Cavitation. Annals of Biomedical Engineering, 40: 1530-1544.

Panzer, MB, Bass CR, Rafaels, KA, Shridharani, J, Capehart, BP (2012) Primary Blast Survival and Injury Risk Assessment for Repeated Blast Exposures. Journal of Trauma. 72(2): 454-466.

Panzer, MB, Bass, CR. (2012) Finite Element Models of the Human Head: Essential Issues for Biofidelic Modeling of Blast Trauma. Personal Armour Systems Symposium (PASS). Nuremberg, Germany.

Panzer, MB, Bass, CR. (2012) Human Results from Animal Models: Scaling Laws for Blast Neurotrauma. 2012 National Neurotrauma Society Meeting. Phoenix, AZ.

Panzer, MB, Matthews, KA, Yu, AW, Morrison, III B , Meaney, DF, Bass, CR. (2012) A Multiscale Approach to Blast Neurotrauma Modeling: Part I: Development of Novel Test Devices in In Vivo and In Vitro Blast Injury Models. Frontiers of Neurotrauma. 3:46, 1-11.

Parent, DP, Lessley, DJ, Shaw, CG, Crandall, JR. (2012) Identification of anatomical landmarks for whole-body kinematic measurement in the THOR Mod Kit frontal impact ATD. Paper 20125177, JSAE Annual Congress.

Rafaels, KA, Bass, CR, Panzer, MB, Salzar, RS, Woods, WA, Feldman, SH, Walilko, T, Kent, RW, Capehart, BP, Foster, JB, Derkunt, B, Toman, A. (2012) Brain Injury Risk from Primary Blast. Personal Armour Systems Symposium (PASS). Nuremberg, Germany.

Riley, PO, Arregui-Dalmases, C, Purtserov, S, Parent, D, Lessley, DJ, Shaw, CG, Crandall, JR, Takayama, S, Ono, K, Kamiji, K, Yasuki, T. (2012) Kinematics of the unrestrained vehicle occupants in side-impact crashes. Traffic Injury Prevention, 13(2): 163-171.

Sanchez-Molina, D, Velazquez-Ameijide, J, Arregui-Dalmases, C, Crandall, JR, Untaroiu, CD. (2012) Minimization of analytical injury metrics for head impact injuries. Traffic Injury Prevention, 13(3): 278-285.

Seacrist, T, Arbogast, KB, Maltese, MR, Felipe Garcia-Espana, J, Lopez-Valdes, FJ, Kent, RW, Tanji, H, Higuchi, K, Balasubramanian, S. (2012) Kinetics of the cervical spine in pediatric and adult volunteers during low speed frontal impacts. Journal of Biomechanics, 45(1): 99-106.

Shafieian, M, Laksari, K, Darvish, KK, Crandall, JR. (2012) Development of a Constitutive Model for Brain Tissue under Multiaxial Loading. IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact.

Shafieian,M, Laksari, K, Darvish, KK, Crandall, JR. (2012) Material Properties of Brain Tissue under Complex Shear and Compression Loading. Proceedings of the Injury Biomechanics Symposium at the Ohio State University, 8.

Shaw, CG, Lessley, DJ, Ash, JH, Crandall, JR. (2012) Development of an Alternative Frontal Impact Condition to Assess Thoracic Response Using the THOR Mod Kit Dummy. Paper 20125216, JSAE Annual Congress, Yokohama, Japan, May 16-18.

Shin, J, Yue, N, Untaroiu, CD (2012) A Finite Element Model of the Foot and Ankle for Automotive Impact Applications. Annuals of Biomedical Engineering, 40(12): 2519-2531.

Shridharani, JK, Wood, GW, Panzer, MB, Capehart, BP, Nyein, MK, Radovitzky, RA, Bass, CR. (2012) Porcine Head Response to Blast. Frontiers of Neurotrauma. 3:70, 1-11.

Shridharani, JK, Wood, GW, Panzer, MB, Matthews, KA, Perritt, C, Masters, K, Bass, CR. (2012) Blast Effects Behind Ballistic Protective Helmets. Personal Armour Systems Symposium (PASS). Nuremberg, Germany.

Subit, D, del Pozo, E, Velazquez-Ameijide, J, Arregui-Dalmases, C, Crandall, JR. (2012) Tensile material properties of human rib cortical bone under quasi-static and dynamic failure loading and in uence of the bone microstucture on failure characteristics. Biological Physics,

Toczyski J, Gierczycka-Zbrozek D (2012) Short Communication: Computational Modeling of the Thorax under High Impulse Loading. IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact.

Untaroiu, CD, Adam, T (2012) Occupant Classification for an Adaptive Restraint System: The Methodology and Benefits in Terms of Injury Reduction. IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact.

Untaroiu, CD, Bose, D, Lu, YC, Riley, PO, Lessley, DJ, Sochor, M. (2012) Effect of seat belt pretensioners on human abdomen and thorax: Biomechanical response and risk of injuries. J Trauma Acute Care Surg, 72(5): 1304-1315.

Untaroiu, CD, Shin, J, Yue, N. et al. (2012) A Finite Element Model of the Pelvis and Lower Limb for Automotive Impact Applications, 12th. International LS-Dyna Conference, Dearborn, MI.

Untaroiu, CD, Yue, N, Shin, J. (2012) A Finite Element Model of the Occupant Lower Extremity for Automotive Impact Applications, Proceeding of the ASME Summer Bioengineering Conference, Fajardo, PR, USA.

Wood, GW, Rafaels, KA, Yu, A, Shridharani, JK, Panzer, MB, et al. (2012) Interspecies Scaling of Blast Induced Apnea. 2012 Biomedical Engineering Society Annual Meeting. Atlanta, GA.

Yue, N, Shin, J, Untaroiu, CD (2012) A Numerical Investigation of Biomechanical and Injury Response of Occupant Lower Extremity during Automotive Crashes, Proceeding of ICRASH Conference, Milano, Italy.

Zhang, Q, Kerrigan, JR, Kindig, MW, Crandall, JR. (2012) A New Corridor Development Method for Clavicle Finite Element Model Validation. Proceedings of the Injury Biomechanics Symposium at the Ohio State University.

Adam, T, Untaroiu, CD. (2011) Identification of occupant posture using a Bayesian classification methodology to reduce the risk of injury in a collision. Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies, 19(6): 1078-1094.

Arregui-Dalmases CA, Teijeira R, Rebollo Soria MC, Kerrigan, JR, Crandall, JR. (2011) La biomecánica del impacto: una herramienta para la medicina legal y forense en la investigación del accidente de tráfico. Rev Esp Med Legal. 37(3): 97-104

Arregui-Dalmases, C, del Pozo, E, Lessley, DJ, Barrios, JM, Nombela, M, Cisneros, O, De Miguel, JL, Segui-Gomez, M. (2011) Driving position field study, differences with the whiplash protocol and biomechanics experimental responses. Annals of Advances in Automotive Medicine (AAAM) 55: 71-79.

Arregui-Dalmases, C, del Pozo, E, Stacey, S, Kindig, MW, Lessley, DJ, Lopez-Valdes, FJ, Forman, JL, Kent, RW. (2011) pressure waves in the aorta during isolated abdominal belt loading: the magnitude, phasing, and attenuation. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part H-Journal of Engineering in Medicine, 225(7): 688-695.

Arregui-Dalmases, C, Kerrigan, JR, Luzon J. (2011) 15 Proteccion de peatones. Fundamentos de biomechanica en las lesiones por accidente de trafico. 2nd Edition.

Ash, JH, Kerrigan, JK, Bose, D, Crandall, JR, Ridella, S. (2011) Analysis of Injuries and Mechanisms for CIREN Rollover Crashes. Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV) Washington, DC.

Bose, D, Crandall, JR, McGwin, G, Goldman, J, Foster, J, Fine, PR. (2011) Computational methodology to predict injury risk for motor vehicle crash victims: A framework for improving Advanced Automatic Crash Notification systems. Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies, 19(6): 1048-1059.

Bose, D, Crandall, JR. (2011) Potential benefits of an automatic injury notification system in reducing motor vehicle crash fatalities. Poster presentation at the 139th American Public Health Asociation Annual Meeting. Washington, DC. October 2011.

Bose, D, Kerrigan, JR, Foster, JB, Crandall, JR, Tobaru, S. (2011) Planar impacts in rollover crashes: significance, distribution and injury epidemiology. Annals of Advances in Automotive Medicine (AAAM) 55: 243-252.

Bose, D, Segui-Gomez, M, Crandall, JR. (2011) Vulnerability of female drivers involved in motor vehicle crashes: an analysis of US population at risk. American Journal of Public Health, 101(12): 2368-2373.

Christopher, JJ, Sochor, MR, Pellettiere, JA, Salzar, RS.(2011) Assessment of Ear- and Tooth-Mounted Accelerometers as Representative of Human Head Response. IMIS Conference, Indianapolis, IN.

Crandall, JR, Bose, D, Forman, JL, Untaroiu, CD, Arregui-Dalmases, C, Shaw, CG, Kerrigan, JR. (2011) Human surrogates for injury biomechanics research. Clinical Anatomy, 24(3): 362-371.

del Pozo de Dios, E, Kindig, MW, Arregui-Dalmases, C, Crandall, J, Takayama, S, Ejima, S, Kamiji, K, Yasuiki, T (2011) Structural Response and Strain Patterns of Isolated Ribs under Lateral Loading, International Journal of Crashworthiness, 16(2): 169-180.

del Pozo, E, Arregui-Dalmases, C, Kindig, MW, Crandall, JR. (2011) Rib stiffness under lateral loading-the effect of subject-specific geometry and material properties. Annals of Advances in Automotive Medicine (AAAM) 55, Student Research Symposium.

Duprey, S, Subit, D, Lessely, DJ, Guillemot, H, Kent, RW. (2011) In vitro kinematics of the shoulder: comparison with in vivo data during arm flexion. Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering, 14(S1): 193-194.

Fice, JB, Cronin, DS, Panzer, MB. (2011) Cervical spine model to predict capsular ligament response in rear impact. Annals of Biomedical Engineering, 39(8): 2152-2162.

Foltz, P, Kim, T, Kerrigan, JR, Crandall, JR. (2011) Vehicle greenhouse shape analysis for design of a parametric test buck for dynamic rollover testing. Paper Number 11-0271. Proceedings of the 22nd International Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV).

Forman, JL, Heredero-Ordoyo, R, Lopez-Valdes, FJ, Segui-Gomez, M. (2011) Deaths and injury patterns among powered-two wheeler users in Spain: population-level data in regions with high helmet-use rates. IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact.

Forman, JL, Kent, RW. (2011) Modeling costal cartilage using local material properties with consideration for gross heterogeneities. Journal of Biomechanics, 44(5): 910-916.

Forman, JL, Segui-Gomez, M, Ash, JH, Lopez-Valdes, FJ. (2011) Child posture and shoulder belt fit during extended night-time traveling: an in-transit observational study. Annals of Advances in Automotive Medicine (AAAM) 55: 3-14.

Frimenko, R, Lievers, WB, Riley, PO, Crandall, JR, Bolton, JR, Kent, RW. (2011) The development of a method to induce injurious hyperextension of the first metatarsophalangeal joint. Poster presented at: 35th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Biomechanics (ASB) Long Beach, CA, August 10–13.

Hue, CD, Panzer, MB, Bass, CR, Meaney, DF, Morrison III, B. (2011) Blast Overpressure Induces Disruption of Brain Endothelial Monolayer Integrity. 2011 Biomedical Engineering Society Annual Meeting. Hartford, CT.

Kent, RW, Forman, JL, Lessley, DJ, Crandall, JR. (2011) Characterization of Athletic Shoe-Surface Mechanics in situ at Loads and Rates Relevant to Game Situations. IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact.

Kent, RW, Lopez-Valdes, FJ, Dennis, NJ, Lessley, DJ, Forman, JL, Higuchi, K, Tanji, H, Ato, T, Kameyoshi, H, Arbogast, K. (2011) Assessment of a three-point restraint system with a pre-tensioned lap belt and an inflatable, force-limited shoulder belt. Stapp Car Crash Journal, 55: 144-159.

Kent, RW, Lopez-Valdes, FJ, Lamp, J, Lau, SH, Parent, DP, Kerrigan, JR, Lessley, DJ, Salzar, RS. (2011) Characterization of the pediatric chest and abdomen using three post-mortem human subjects. Paper Number 11-0394. Proceedings of the 22nd International Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV).

Kent, RW, Lopez-Valdes, FJ, Lau, SH, Kerrigan, JR, Lessley, DJ. (2011) Thoracic response of pediatric PMHS. Paper 080-20115248, JSAE Annual Congress.

Kerrigan, JR, Dennis, NJ, Parent, DP, Pursezov, S, Ash, JH, Crandall, JR, Stein, D. (2011) Test system, vehicle and occupant response repeatability evaluation in rollover crash tests: the deceleration rollover sled test. International Journal of Crashworthiness, 16(6): 583-605.

Kerrigan, JR, Jordan, A, Parent, DP, Zhang, Q, Funk, JR, Dennis, NJ, Overby, B, Bolton, JR, Crandall, JR. (2011) Design of a dynamic rollover test system. Paper, 2011-01-1116, Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE).

Kerrigan, JR, Prat, S, Duart, J, Crandall, JR. (2011) 19 - Biomecanica de las extremidades inferiores y de la pelvis. Proteccion de peatones. Fundamentos de biomechanica en las lesiones por accidente de trafico. 2nd Edition. [Principles of Impact Biomechanics Applied to Motor Vehicle Injuries 2nd edition], ETRASA Madrid, 2010 ISBN: 978-84-92625-40-6

Kindig M, Lau AG, Kent, RW. (2011) Biomechanical response of ribs under quasistatic frontal loading. Traffic Injury Prevention, 12(4): 377-387.

Lau, AG, Kindig, MW, Kent, RW. (2011) Morphology, distribution, mineral density and volume fraction of human calcified costal cartilage. Acta Biomaterialia, 7(3): 1202-1209.

Lau, SH, Salzar, RS, Kent, RW. (2011) Comparison of Thoracic Characterization in Table-Top and. Annals of Advances in Automotive Medicine (AAAM) 55, Student Research Symposium.

Lessley, DJ, Shaw, CG, Riley, PO, Forman, JL, Crandall, JR. (2011) Assessment and Validation of a Methodology for Measuring Anatomical Kinematics of Restrained Occupants During Motor Vehicle Collisions. Journal of Biosensors and Bioelectronics, S1:002.

Li, Z, Hu, J, Reed, MP, Rupp, JD, Hoff, CN, Zhang, J, Cheng, B. (2011) Development, validation, and application of a parametric pediatric head finite element model for impact simulations. Annals of Biomedical Engineering, 39(12): 2984-2997.

Lopez-Valdes, FJ, Lau S, Riley, P, Lamp J, Kent, RW. (2011) The biomechanics of the pediatric and adult human thoracic spine. Annals of Advances in Automotive Medicine (AAAM) 55: 193-206.

Lopez-Valdes, FJ, Fernandez-Bolanos, MM, varez Ruiz-Larrinaga, A, Segui-Gomez, M. (2011) Reduction in the exposure to being out-of-position among car occupants who used a sleeping device. Injury Prevention, 18(3): 165-169.

Lopez-Valdes, FJ, Seacrist, T, Balasubramanian, S, Maltese, MR, Arbogast, KB, Tanji, H, Higuchi, K, Kent, RW. (2011) Comparing the Kinematics of the Head and Spine between Volunteers and PMHS: a Methodology to Estimate the Kinematics of Pediatric Occupants in a Frontal Impact. IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact.

Lu, YC, Untaroiu, CD. (2011) A bootstrap approach for lower injury levels of the risk curves. Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine, 106(3): 274-286.

Mayeur O;Delattre J;Kindig M;Delille R;Chaari F;Lesueur D;Baudrit P; (2011) Numerical Anthropometry Comparison between the THOMO PMHS and GHBMC Model. International Workshop on Human Subjects for Biomechanical Research, 39, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, US DOT.

Moore, R, Sochor, MR, Brady, WJ. (2011) Large Event Medicine-Event Characteristics Impacting Medical Need. American Journal of Emergency Medicine, 29(9): 1217-21.

Panzer MB, Myers, and Bass CR (2011) Mesh Considerations for Finite Element Blast Modeling in Biomechanics. Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering. doi:10.1080/10255842.2011.629615 (ePub Dec. 21, 2011).

Panzer, MB, Bass, CR, Capehart, BP, Morrison III, B, Meaney, DF. (2011) A Novel Method for Exposing Tissue Cultures to Blast Overpressure for Determining Injury Criteria. 2011 Biomedical Engineering Society Annual Meeting. Hartford, CT.

Panzer, MB, Fice, JB, Cronin, DS. (2011) Cervical spine response in frontal crash. Medical Engineering and Physics, 33(9): 1147-1159.

Parent, DP, Kerrigan, JR, Crandall, JR. (2011) Comprehensive computational rollover sensitivity study part 1: influence or vehicle pre-crash parameters on crash kinematics and roof crush. International Journal of Crashworthiness, 16(6): 633-644.

Parent, DP, Kerrigan, JR, Crandall, JR. (2011) Comprehensive computational rollover sensitivity study part 2: influence of vehicle, crash, and occupant parameters on head, neck and thorax response. Paper 2011-01-1115, Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE).

Parent, DP, Shaw, CG, Lessley, DJ, Bolton, JR, Arregui-Dalmases, C, Purtsezov, S, Riley, PO, Crandall, JR, Takayama, S, Ono, K, Kamiji, K, Yasuki, T. (2011) External Biofidelity in Lateral Impact: Measurement of Global and Local Forces. International Journal of Crashworthiness. 16(6): 677-689.

Pipkorn, B, Kent, RW. (2011) Validation of a Human Body Thorax Model and its Use for Force, Energy and Strain Analysis in Various Loading Conditions. IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact.

Rafaels, KA, Bass, CR, Panzer, MB, Salzar, RS, Woods, WA, Feldman, S, Walilko, T, Kent, RW, Capehart, BP, Shridharani, JK, Toman, A. (2011) Brain Injury Risk from Primary Blast. 2011 Biomedical Engineering Society Annual Meeting. Hartford, CT.

Rafaels, KA, Bass, CR, Salzar, RS, Panzer, M, Woods, W, Feldman, S, Cummings, TJ, Capehart, B. (2011) Survival Risk Assessment for Primary Blast Exposures to the Head. Journal of Neurotrauma. 28(11): 2319-2328.

Salzar, RS, Lessley, DJ, Sochor, MR, Shaw, CG, Kent, RW, Crandall, JR. (2011) Thoracic Response to Shoulder-Belt Loading: Comparison of Table-Top and Frontal Sled Tests with PMHS. IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact.

Salzar, RS, Lievers, WB, Frimenko, RE, Seamon, J, Keller, T, Subit, DL, Gochenour, TH, Sochor, MR, Crandall, JR (2011) Fracture Tolerance of the Patellofemoral Joint in Frontal Knee Impacts of 75 and 35 Year Old Males. International Journal of Crashworthiness, 16:4: 397-409.

Schneider, LW, Rupp, JD, Scarboro, M, Pintar, F, Arbogast, KB, Rudd, RW, Sochor, MR, Stitzel, J, Sherwood, C, Macwilliams, JB, Halloway, D, Ridella, S, Eppinger, R. (2011) BioTab--a new method for analyzing and documenting injury causation in motor-vehicle crashes. Traffic Injury Prevention, 12(3): 256-265.

Segui-Gomez M, Lopez-Valdes, FJ, Guillen-Grima F, Smyth E, Llorca J, de Irala Estevez J. (2011) Exposure to traffic and risk of hospitalization due to injuries. Risk Analysis, 31(3): 466-474.

Subit, D, Kindig, MW, Li, Z, Kent, RW, Baudrit, P, Jansova, M, Hyncik, L, Dziewonski, T, Toczyski, J. (2011) Prediction of rib cage fracture in computational modeling: effect of rib cortical thickness distribution and intercostal muscles mechanical properties. International Workshop on Human Subjects for Biomechanical Research, 39, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, US DOT.

Sunnevang, C, Subit, D, Kindig M, Lessley, DJ, Lamp J, Bostrom O, Kent, RW. (2011) Response of the Worldwide Side Impact Dummy (WorldSID) to Localized Constant-Speed Impacts. Annals of Advances in Automotive Medicine (AAAM) 55: 231-241.

Untaroiu, CD, Bose, D, Lu, YC, Riley, PO, Lessley, DJ, Sochor, M. (2011) Abdominal and thoracic response to loading of pretensioner restraint systems. IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact.

Untaroiu, CD, Lu, YC. (2011) A simulation-based calibration and sensitivity analysis of a Finite Element Model of THOR head-neck complex. Paper 2011-01-1123, Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE).

Untaroiu, CD, Untaroiu, A, Boiangiu, M. (2011) Dynamic Stability Analysis of Periodically Time-Varying Rotor System with a Transverse Crack. Engineering, 3(7): 719-725 (2011)

Yue N;Shin J;Untaroiu CD; (2011) Blunt Injury Response of Occupant Lower Extremity during Automotive Crashes: A Finite Element Study. International Workshop on Human Subjects for Biomechanical Research, 39.

Yue, N, Shin, J, Untaroiu, CD. (2011) Development and validation of an occupant lower limb FEM. Paper 2011-01-1128, Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE).

Adam, T, Untaroiu, CD. (2010) Identification of occupant state parameters using a pattern recognition methodology to reduce the risk of injury in a collision. Poster presented at the Injury Biomechanics Symposium, The Ohio State University.

Arregui-Dalmases, C, Ash, JH, del Pozo, E, Kerrigan, JR, Crandall, JR. (2010) Characterization of the transverse and spinous vertebral processes: fracture forces under quasi-static and dynamic loading. Biomedical Sciences Instrumentation, 46: 154-159.

Arregui-Dalmases, C, Ash, JH, del Pozo, E, Kerrigan, JR, Crandall, JR. (2010) Failure of the lumbar pedicles under bending loading. Biomedical Sciences Instrumentation, 46: 148-153.

Arregui-Dalmases, C, del Pozo, E, Duprey, S, Lopez-Valdes, FJ, Lau, AG, Subit, D, Kent, RW. (2010) A parametric study of hard tissue injury prediction using finite elements: consideration of geometric complexity, subfailure material properties, CT-thresholding, and element characteristics. Traffic Injury Prevention, 11(3): 286-293.

Arregui-Dalmases, C, Lopez-Valdes, FJ, Segui-Gomez, M. (2010) Pedestrian Injuries In Eight European Countries: An Analysis of Hospital Discharge Data. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 42(4): 1164-1171.

Arregui-Dalmases, C, Luzon, J, Lopez-Valdes, FJ, del Pozo, E, Segui-Gomez, M. (2010) Fundamentos de Biomecanica en las Lesiones por Accidente de Trafico 2ª edicion [Principles of Impact Biomechanics Applied to Motor Vehicle Injuries 2nd edition], ETRASA Madrid. ISBN: 978-84-92625-40-6

Arregui-Dalmases, C, Teijeira, R, Forman, JL. (2010) Injury biomechanics as a necessary tool in the field of forensic science: a pedestrian run-over case study. Forensic Science International, 198(1/3): e5-e9.

Ash, JH, Kerrigan, JR, Arregui-Dalmases, C, del Pozo, E, Crandall JR. (2010) Endplate indentation of the fourth lumbar vertebra. Biomedical Sciences Instrumentation, 46: 160-165.

Bass, CR, Meyerhoff, K, Damon, AM, Bellizzi, AM, Salzar, RS, Rafaels, KA (2010) Drosophila Melanogaster Larvae as a Model for Blast Lung Injury. Journal of Trauma, 69(1):179-84.

Bass, CR, Rafaels, KA, Panzer, MB, Wood, G, Shridharani, J, Palm, E, Capehart, B, Salzar, RS. (2010) Brain vs. Pulmonary Blast Injury Tolerance and the Effect of Blassitic Protective Vests. Meeting of the Department of Defense Explosives Safety Board.

Bass, CR, Salzar, RS, Lucas, SR, Rafaels, KA, Damon, AM, Crandall, JR. (2010) Re-evaluating the neck injury index (NII) using experimental PMHS tests. Traffic Injury Prevention, 11(2): 194-201.

Bose, D, Crandall, JR, Pipkorn, B, Song, E, Li, Z, Lessley, DJ, Kent, RW. (2010) Evaluation of Deflection-based Predictors for Estimating Thoracic Injury Risk. International Workshop on Human Subjects for Biomechanical Research, 38, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, US DOT.

Bose, D, Crandall, JR, Trowbridge, MJ, McGwin, G, Foster, J, Goldman, J, Fine, R. (2010) Predicting Occupant Injury Risk: A Framework for Automatic Injury Notification Systems. Proceedings of the Joint Symposium titled "What is the best way to implement an Automatic Crash Notification System in Japan?" organized by the JAST (Japanese Association for the Surgery of Trauma) JSAE (Japan Society of Automotive Engineers) JARI (Japan Automobile Research Institute) ITARDA (Institute for Traffic Accident Research and Data Analysis) and GIAJ (General Insurance of Association of Japan) Tokyo, Japan. The 24th Annual Meeting of the Japanese Association for the Surgery of Trauma.

Bose, D, Crandall. JR, Untaroiu, CD, Maslen, EH. (2010) Influence of pre-collision occupant parameters on injury outcome in a frontal collision. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 42(4): 1398-1407.

Bose, D. (2010) Pre-crash occupant characterization-A framework for adaptive restraints. Saarbrucken:VDM Verlag Dr. Muller Aktiengesellschaft & Co. KG.

Cunningham, RM, Harrison, SR, McKay, MP, Mello, MJ, Sochor M, Shandro, JR, Walton, MA, D'Onofrio G. (2010) National Survey of Emergency Department Alcohol Screening and Intervention Practices. Annals of Emergency Medicine, 55(6): 556-562.

Damon, AM, Lessley, DJ, Salzar, RS, Bass, CR, Shen, F, Paskoff, G, Shender, B. (2010) Kinematic Response of the Spine During Simulated Aircraft Ejections. Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, 81(5): 453-459.

Duprey, S, Subit, D, Guillemot, H, Kent, RW. (2010) Biomechanical properties of the costovertebral joint. Medical Engineering and Physics, 32:222-227.

Fice, JB, Panzer, MB, Cronin, DS. (2010) Development of a Finite Element Model of the Human Cervical Spine for Automotive Crashworthiness Research. 6th World Congress on Biomechanics. Singapore

Forman, JL, del Pozo, E, Arregui-Dalmases, C, Kent, RW. (2010) The contribution of the perichondrium to the structural mechanical behavior of the costal cartilage. Journal of Biomechanical Engineering, 132.

Forman, JL, del Pozo, E, Kent, RW. (2010) A pseudo-elastic effective material property representation of the costal cartilage for use in finite element models of the whole human body. Traffic Injury Prevention, 11(6): 613-622.

Forman, JL, Lopez-Valdes, FJ, Ash, JH. (2010) Introduccion a la Biomecanica de Impacto de la columna vertebral [Introduction to spinal impact biomechanics] In: Arregui-Dalmases, C, Luzon, J, Lopez-Valdes, FJ, del Pozo, E, Segui-Gomez, M, Fundamentos de Biomecanica en las Lesiones por Accidente de Trafico 2ª edicion [Principles of Impact Biomechanics Applied to Motor Vehicle Injuries 2nd edition], ETRASA Madrid, ISBN: 978-84-92625-40-6.

Forman, JL, Lopez-Valdes, FJ, Dennis, N, Kent, RW, Tanji, H, Higuchi, K. (2010) An inflatable belt system in the rear seat occupant environment: investigating feasibility and benefit in frontal impact sled tests with a 50th percentile male ATD. Annals of Advances in Automotive Medicine (AAAM) 54: 111-126.

Kent, RW, Bass, CR. (2010) Experimentacion con animales (English: Experimentation with animals) in Fundamentos de Biomecanica en las Lesiones por Accidente de Trafico. (English: Fundamentals of Biomechanics and Road Traffic Injuries) Second Edition, C. Arregui-Dalmases, J. Luzon, M. Segui-Gomez (eds.).

Kent, RW, Forman, JL, Bostrom, O. (2010) Is there really a “cushion effect”? A biomechanical investigation of crash injury mechanisms in the obese. Obesity, 18(4): 749-53.

Kent, RW. (2010) A proposito de una lesion y su correspondiente analisis biomecanico (English: Injury biomechanics and its application to the study of a specific injury) in Fundamentos de Biomecanica en las Lesiones por Accidente de Trafico. (English: Fundamentals of Biomechanics and Road Traffic Injuries) Second Edition, C. Arregui-Dalmases, J. Luzon, M. Segui-Gomez (eds.).

Kerrigan, JR, Ash, JH, Bose, M, Sochor, MR, Crandall, JR, Funk, JR, Cormier, J, Manoogian, S, Ridella, X, Scarboro, M, Summers, S. (2010) Thoracic Injury Mechanisms in Rollover Crashes. International Workshop on Human Subjects for Biomechanical Research, 38, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, US DOT.

Kerrigan, JR, Bose, D, Li, Z, Arregui-Dalmases, C, del Pozo, E. (2010) Response of the sternum under dynamic 3-point bending. Biomedical Sciences Instrumentation, 46: 440-445.

Kerrigan, JR, Dennis, NJ, Parent, DP, Purtsezov, S, Ash, JH, Crandall, JR, Stein, D. (2010) Test system, vehicle and occupant response repeatability evaluation in rollover crash tests: the deceleration rollover sled test. Paper 2010-092, Proceedings of the International Crashworthiness Conference, Washington, DC.

Kim, T, Jeong, HY. (2010) Crash Probability and Error Rates for Head-On Collisions Based on Stochastic Analyses. IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems, 11(4): 896-904.

Kindig, MW, Lau, AG, Forman, JL, Kent, RW. (2010) Structural Response of Cadaveric Ribcages under a Localized Loading: Stiffness and Kinematic Trends. Stapp Car Crash Journal, 54: 337-380.

Lamp, JF, Salzar, RS, Kerrigan, JR, Parent, DP, Lopez-Valdes, FJ, Lau, SH, Lessley, DJ, Kent, RW, Luck, J, Loyd, A, Bass, CR. (2010) Expansion and evaluation of data characterizing the structural behavior of the pediatric abdomen. Annals of Advances in Automotive Medicine (AAAM) 54: 89-96.

Lau, SH, Lopez-Valdes, FJ, Lau, AG, Lessley, DJ, Feldman, SH, Kent, RW. (2010) Assessment of a Biological Model of a Human Child in a Frontal Impact Environment. Annals of Advances in Automotive Medicine (AAAM) 54, Student Research Symposium.

Lessley, DJ, Salzar, RS, Crandall, JR, Kent, RW, Bolton, JR, Bass, CR, Guillemot, H, Forman, JL. (2010) Kinematics of the thorax under dynamic belt loading. International Journal of Crashworthiness 15(2):175-190.

Lessley, DJ, Shaw, CG, Parent, DP, Arregui-Dalmases, C, Kindig, MW, Riley, PO, Purtsezov, S, Sochor, MR, Gochenour, T, Bolton, JR, Subit, D, Crandall, JR, Takayama, S, Ono, K, Kamiji, K, Yasuki, T. (2010) Whole-body response to pure lateral impact. Stapp Car Crash Journal, 53, 289-336.

Li, Z, Kindig, MW, Kerrigan, JR, Untaroiu, CD, Subit, D, Crandall, JR, Kent, RW. (2010) Rib Fractures under Anterior-posterior Dynamic Loads: Experimental and Finite Element Study. Journal of Biomechanics, 43(2): 228-234.

Li, Z, Kindig, MW, Subit, D, Kent, RW. (2010) Development of Finite Element Model of 50th Percentile Male using Multiblock Hex Meshing Approach. Proceedings of the 6th Annual World Congress on Biomechanics, August 1-6, Singapore.

Li, Z, Kindig, MW, Subit, D, Kent, RW. (2010) Development of Finite Element Thorax Model of the 50th Percentile Male using an Interactive Multi-block Meshing Approach. Proceedings of the 6th World Congress of Biomechanics, Munich, Germany, abstract in J. Biomech. 39(1): S543.

Li, Z, Kindig, MW, Subit, D, Kent, RW. (2010) Influence of Mesh Density, Cortical Thickness and Material Properties on Human Rib Fracture Prediction. Medical Engineering and Physics, 32(9): 998-1008.

Li, Z, Subit, D, Kindig, MW, Kent, RW. (2010) Development of a Finite Element Ribcage Model of the 50th Percentile Male with Variable Rib Cortical Thickness. International Workshop on Human Subjects for Biomechanical Research, 38, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, US DOT.

Lievers WB, Waldman SD, Pilkey AK. (2010) Minimizing specimen length in elastic testing of end-constrained cancellous bone. Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, 3(1): 22-30.

Lievers, WB, Petryshyn, AC, Poljsak, AS, Waldman, SD, Pilkey, AK. (2010) Specimen diameter and "side artifacts" in cancellous bone evaluated using end-constrained elastic tension. Bone, 47(2): 371-377.

Lievers, WB, Poljsak, AS, Waldman, SD, Pilkey, AK. (2010) Effects of dehydration-induced structural and material changes on the apparent modulus of cancellous bone. Medical Engineering & Physics, 32(8): 921-925.

Lopez-Valdes, FJ, Forman, JL, Bostrom, O, Kent, RW. (2010) The frontal-impact response of a booster-seated child-size PMHS. Traffic Injury Prevention, 11(3): 320-327.

Lopez-Valdes, FJ, Kent, RW. (2010) Biomecanica de las lesiones pediatricas [Pediatric Injury Biomechanics] In: Arregui-Dalmases, C, Luzon, J, Lopez-Valdes, FJ, del Pozo, E, Segui-Gomez, M, Fundamentos de Biomecanica en las Lesiones por Accidente de Trafico 2ª edicion [Principles of Impact Biomechanics Applied to Motor Vehicle Injuries 2nd edition], ETRASA Madrid, ISBN: 978-84-92625-40-6.

Lopez-Valdes, FJ, Lau, AG, Lamp, J, Riley, PO, Lessley, DJ, Damon, AM, Kindig, MW, Kent, RW, Balasubramanian, S, Seacrist, T, Maltese, MR, Arbogast, KB, Higuchi, K, Tanji, H. (2010) Analysis of Spinal Motion During Frontal Impacts. Comparison between PMHS and ATD. Annals of Advances in Automotive Medicine (AAAM) 54: 61-78.

Lopez-Valdes, FJ, Segui-Gomez, M. (2010) Analisis de Accidentes de Trafico Recogidos en Sistemas de Informacion [Analysis of Traffic Accident data from Information Systems]. In: Arregui-Dalmases, C, Luzon, J, Lopez-Valdes, FJ, del Pozo, E, Segui-Gomez, M, Fundamentos de Biomecanica en las Lesiones por Accidente de Trafico 2ª edicion [Principles of Impact Biomechanics Applied to Motor Vehicle Injuries 2nd edition], ETRASA Madrid, ISBN: 978-84-92625-40-6.

Lopez-Valdes, FJ, van Ratingen, M. (2010) Maniquíes Antropomorficos para Ensayos de Choque [Anthropomorphic Test Devices for Crash Tests] In: Arregui-Dalmases, C, Luzon, J, Lopez-Valdes, FJ, del Pozo, E, Segui-Gomez, M, Fundamentos de Biomecanica en las Lesiones por Accidente de Trafico 2ª edicion [Principles of Impact Biomechanics Applied to Motor Vehicle Injuries 2nd edition], ETRASA Madrid, ISBN: 978-84-92625-40-6.

Lu, YC, Zhang, Q, Untaroiu, CD. (2010) Investigation of freezing and decay effects on material properties of porcine abdominal organs. Poster presented at the Injury Biomechanics Symposium, The Ohio State University.

Maltese, MR, Arbogast, KB, Nadkarni, V, Berg, R, Balasubramanian, S, Seacrist, T, Kent, RW, Parent, DP, Craig, M, Ridella, SA. (2010) Incorporation of CPR data into ATD chest impact response requirements. Annals of Advances in Automotive Medicine (AAAM) 54: 79-88.

Palm, EJ, Bass, CR, Panzer, MB, Shridharani, J, Salzar, RS, Rafaels, KA, Walilko, T, Weiss, G, Perritt, C, Haynes, N, Masters, K. (2010) Test Methodology for the Assessment of Blast Trauma Behind Military Helmets. Personal Armour Systems Symposium (PASS).

Panzer, MB, Bass, CR, Myers, BS. (2010) Numerical Study of the Role of Helmet Protection in Blast Brain Injury. Personal Armour Systems Symposium. Quebec City, QC.

Panzer, MB, Bass, CR. (2010) Numerical Study of the Role of Helmet Protection in Blast Brain Injury. Invited presentation at the Personal Protective Equipment 2010 Conference. Fort Lauderdale, FL.

Panzer, MB, Bass, CR. (2010) Parametric Study on the Modeling Aspects of Blast Brain Injury. 6th World Congress on Biomechanics. Singapore.

Parent, DP, Crandall, JR, Bolton, JR, Bass, CR, Ouyang, J, Lau, SH. (2010) Comparison of Hybrid III child test dummies to pediatric PMHS in blunt thoracic impact response. Traffic Injury Prevention, 11(4): 399-410.

Parent, DP, Kerrigan, JR, Crandall, JR. (2010) Comprehensive computational rollover sensitivity study part 1: influence or vehicle pre-crash parameters on crash kinematics and roof crush. Paper 2010-010, Proceedings of the International Crashworthiness Conference, Washington, DC.

Parent, DP, Shaw, CG, Lessley, DJ, Bolton, JR, Arregui-Dalmases, C, Purtsezov, S, Riley, PO, Crandall, JR, Takayama, S, Ono, K, Kamiji, K, Yasuki, T. (2010) External Biofidelity in Lateral Impact: Measurement of Global and Local Forces. Proceedings of the International Crashworthiness Conference, Washington, DC.

Pellettiere, JA, Salzar, RS. (2010) Novell Techniques for Measurement of Human Head Acceleration. Presented to ISN Workshop of Biomedical Experiments. Hamburg, Germany.

Pilkey, WD, Balandin, DV, Bolotnik, NN, Crandall, JR, Purtsezov, S. (2010) Injury Biomechanics and Control: Optimal Protection from Impact, Wiley, John & Sons, Inc.

Rafaels, KA, Bass, CR, Panzer, MB, Salzar, RS. (2010) Pulmonary Injury Risk Assessment for Long-Duration Blasts: A Meta-Analysis. Journal of Trauma, 69(2): 368-374.

Rafaels, KA, Shridharani, J, Bass, CR, Salzar, RS, Walilko, TJ, Panzer, MB. (2010) Blast Wave Attenuation: Ballistic Protective Helmets and the Head. Presented at the Personal Armour Systems Symposium (PASS) Washington, DC.

Salzar, RS, Ash, JH, Lucas, SR, Planchak, C, Dalton, A, Emond, B, Getz, JE. (2010) Dynamic Analysis and Injury Prediction for Small Craft Collisions. Journal of Ship Production and Design, 26(2): 89-97.

Salzar, RS, Sochor, MR, Leasure, JM, Pellettiere, J (2010) Head vs. Helmet: Acceleration as a Blast Dosimeter. Presented to the Accelerative Injury Workshop, Army Research Lab, Aberdeen MD.

Seacrist, T, Balasubramanian, S, Garcia-Espana, JF, Maltese, MR, Arbogast, KB, Lopez-Valdes, FJ, Kent, RW, Tanji, H, Higuchi, K. (2010) Kinematic comparison of pediatric human volunteers and the hybrid III 6-year old anthropomorphic test device. Annals of Advances in Automotive Medicine (AAAM) 54: 97-108.

Segui-Gomez, M, Lopez-Valdes, FJ, del Pozo, E, Arregui-Dalmases, C, Luzon, J. (2010) Retos de futuro [Future Challenges]. In: Arregui-Dalmases, C, Luzon, J, Lopez-Valdes, FJ, del Pozo, E, Segui-Gomez, M, Fundamentos de Biomecanica en las Lesiones por Accidente de Trafico 2ª edicion [Principles of Impact Biomechanics Applied to Motor Vehicle Injuries 2nd edition], ETRASA Madrid, ISBN: 978-84-92625-40-6.

Segui-Gomez, M, Lopez-Valdes, FJ, Frampton, R. (2010) Real-world performance of vehicle crash test: the case of EuroNCAP. Injury Prevention, 16(2): 101-106.

Shaw, CG, Bolton, JR, Lessley, DJ, Parent, DP, Riley, PO, Crandall, JR. (2010) Improved Method to Record the Response of Seated Live Human Surrogates in a Simulated Side Impact. Paper 455-20105080, JSAE Annual Congress.

Shaw, CG, Parent, DP, Purtsezov, S, Lessley, DJ, Crandall, JR, Tornvall, F. (2010) Torso deformation in frontal sled tests: comparisons between THOR NT, THOR NT with Chalmers SD-1 shoulder, and PMHS. IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact.

Sochor, MR, Brady, WJ. (2010) Commentary: Acute Medical Events And Motor Vehicle Crash-What Should The Emergency Physician Do? Annals of Emergency Medicine, 55(6): 564-567.

Sochor, MR, Brady, WJ. (2010) National Highway Traffic Safety Adminstration (NHTSA) Notes. Annals of Emergency Medicine, 55(6): 563-567.

Subit, D, Duprey, S, Lau, SH, Guillemot, H, Lessley, DJ, Kent, RW. (2010) Response of the Human Torso to Lateral and Oblique Constant-Velocity Impacts. Annals of Advances in Automotive Medicine (AAAM) 54: 27-40.

Subit, D, Shaw, CG, Ogam, E, Ejima, S, Crandall, JR. (2010) Wavelet analysis of piezoelectric transducer signals to detect rib fracture during impact tests. Paper 2010-089, Proceedings of the International Crashworthiness Conference, Washington, DC.

Untaroiu, CD, Crandall, JR, Takahashi, Y, Okamoto, M, Ito, O, Fredriksson, R. (2010) Analysis of running child pedestrians impacted by a vehicle using rigid-body models and optimization techniques. Safety Science, 48(2): 259-267.

Untaroiu, CD, Shin, J, Crandall, JR, Fredriksson, R, Bostrom, O, Takahashi, Y, Akiyama, A, Okamoto, M, Kikuchi, Y. (2010) Development and Validation of Pedestrian Sedan Bucks using Finite Element Simulations, a Numerical Investigation of the Influence of Vehicle Automatic Braking on the Kinematics of the Pedestrian involved in Vehicle Collisions. International Journal of Crashworthiness, 15(5): 491-503.

Untaroiu, CD, Untaroiu, A, Wagner, M, Allaire, PE. (2010) Component mode synthesis of a structure using the effective mass parameters, ASME Turbo Expo 2010: Power for Land, Sea and Air, GT2010-22526, Glasgow, United Kingdom.

Untaroiu, CD, Untaroiu, A. (2010) Constrained Design Optimization of Rotor-Tilting Pad Bearings Systems. Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power/ASME Transactions, 132(12): 122502-1-7.

Untaroiu, CD, Zhang, Q, Damon, AM, Crandall, JR, Darvish, KK, Paskoff, G, Shender, BS. (2010) Identification of Material Properties of Human Brain under Large Shear Deformation: Analytical versus Finite Element Approach. 26th Southern Biomedical Engineering Conference (SBEC), April 30 - May 2, College Park, Maryland, USA.

Untaroiu, CD, Zhang, Q, Damon, AM, Crandall, JR, Darvish, KK, Paskoff, G, Shender, BS. (2010) Identification of viscoelastic properties of brain under large shear deformation using quasi-linear elasticity formulation. Paper SBC2010-19155, ASME Summer Bioengineering Conference.

Untaroiu, CD. (2010) A numerical investigation of mid-femoral injury tolerance in axial compression and bending loading. International Journal of Crashworthiness, 15(1): 83-92.

Watt, JR,Franz, JR, Jackson, K, Dicharry, J, Riley, PO, Kerrigan, DC. (2010) A Three-Dimensional Kinematic and Kinetic Comparison of Overground and Treadmill Walking in Healthy Elderly Subjects. Clinical Biomechanics, 25(5): 444-449.

Wood ,GW, Panzer, MB, Shridharani, JK, Matthews, KA, Bass, CR. (2010) Attenuation of Blast Overpressure Behind Ballistic Protective Vest. Personal Armour Systems Symposium (PASS). Quebec City, QC.

Wood, GW, Panzer, MB, Bass, CR, Myers, BS. (2010) Viscoelastic Properties of Hybrid III Head Skin. SAE International Journal of Materials and Manufacturing. 3(1): 186-193.

Arbogast, KB, Balasubramanian, S, Seacrist, T, Maltese, MR, Garcia-Espana, JF, Hopely, T, Constans, E, Lopez-Valdes, FJ, Kent, RW, Tanji, H, Higuchi, K. (2009) Comparison of Kinematic Responses of the Head and Spine for Children and Adults in Low-Speed Frontal Sled Tests. Stapp Car Crash Journal, 53: 329-372.

Arregui-Dalmases, C, Kindig, MW, del Pozo, E, Lopez-Valdes, FJ, Forman, JL, Kent, RW. (2009) The magnitude, phasing, and attenuation of pressure waves in the aorta during abdominal belt loading. IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact.

Ash, JH, Abdelilah, Y, Sherwood, CP, Crandall, JR, Parent, DP, Kallieris D. (2009) Comparison of Anthropomorphic Test Dummies with a Pediatric Cadaver Restrained by a Three-point Belt in Frontal Sled Tests. Paper 09-0362, Proceedings of the 21st International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV).

Ash, JH, Sherwood, CP, Crandall, JR, Parent, DP. (2009) Reconstruction of a Real World Crash Involving a Child Using Hybrid III 10-year old and 5th percentile Adult Female ATDs. Paper 09-0365, Proceedings of the 21st International Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV).

Ban, H, Li, Z. (2009) A Novel Capacitance Sensor for Fireside Corrosion Measurement. Review of Scientific Instruments, 80(11) 115107.

Bennett, BC, Riley, PO, Franz, JR, Dicharry, J, Allaire, PE, Miller, S, Kerrigan, DC. (2009) Controlled partial body weight support for treadmill training: A case study. PM&R 1(5): 496-499.

Boiangiu M, Untaroiu, CD, Alecu A. (2009) Behavior at Vibrations of a Crankshaft containing a crack. 20th International DAAAM Symposium, Vienna, Austria.

Bose, D, Pipkorn, B, Crandall, JR, Lessley, DJ, Trowbridge, MJ. (2009) Multi-point Thoracic Deflection Measurement as a Predictor of Rib Injury in Frontal Collisions. International Workshop on Human Subjects for Biomechanical Research, 37, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, US DOT.

Crandall, JR. (2009) Simulating the road forward: the role of computational modeling in realizing future opportunities in traffic safety. IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact.

Dicharry, JM, Franz, JR, Della Croce, U, Wilder, RP, Riley, PO, Kerrigan, DC. (2009) Differences in static and dynamic measures in evaluation of talonavicular mobility in gait. Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy. 39(8): 628-634.

Drewes, LK, McKeon, PO, Poalini, G, Riley, PO, Kerrigan, DC, Ingersoll, CD, Hertel, J. (2009) Altered ankle kinematics and shank-rear-foot coupling in those with chronic ankle instability. Journal of Sport Rehabilitation, 18: 375-388. (2009) Altered ankle kinematics and shank-rear-foot coupling in those with chronic ankle instability. Journal of Sport Rehabilitation, 18(3): 375-388.

Duprey, S, Kerrigan, JR, Kindig, MW, Cundari, A, Zama, Y, Ejima, S, Kamiji, K, Yasuki, K, Crandall, JR. (2009) Biomechanical response of the clavicle under bending. Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering, 12(1): 107-108.

Duprey, S, Subit, D, Guillemot, H, Kent, RW. (2009) Predicting the load transferred to the clavicle from strain data during a shoulder lateral impact – preliminary results. IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact.

Feist, F, Gugler, J, Arregui-Dalmases, C, del Pozo, E, Lopez-Valdes, FJ, Deck, D, Wilinger, R. (2009) Pedestrian collisions with flat-fronted vehicles: injury patterns and importance of rotational accelerators as a predictor for traumatic brain injury (TBI) Paper 09-0264, Proceedings of the 21st International Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV).

Fice, J, Cronin, D, Panzer, M. (2009) Investigation of Facet Joint Response Under Rear Impact Conditions Using FE Model of the Cervical Spine. International Technical Conference on Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV), 21.

Forman, JL, Lopez-Valdes, FJ, Lessley, DJ, Kindig, MW, Kent, RW, Bostrom, O. (2009) The effect of obesity on the restraint of automobile occupants. Annals of Advances in Automotive Medicine (AAAM) 53: 25-40.

Forman, JL, Lopez-Valdes, FJ, Lessley, DJ, Kindig, MW, Kent, RW, Ridella, S, Bostrom, O. (2009) Rear Seat Occupant Safety: An Investigation of a Progressive Force-Limiting, Pretensioning 3-Point Belt System Using Adult PMHS in Frontal Sled Tests. Stapp Car Crash Journal, 53: 49-74.

Franz, JR, Paylo, KW, Dicharry, J, Riley, PO, Kerrigan, DC. (2009) Changes in the coordination of hip and pelvis kinematics with mode of locomotion. Gait and Posture, 29(3): 494-498.

Gabrielli, F, Subit, D, Ogam, E, Guillemain, P, Kent, RW, Masson, C. (2009) Time-frequency analysis to detect bone fracture in impact biomechanics. Application to the thorax. Medical Engineering and Physics, 31(8): 952-958.

Ivarsson, BJ, Genovese, D, Crandall, JR, Bolton, JR, Untaroiu, CD, Bose, D. (2009) The Tolerance of the Femoral Shaft in Combined Axial Compression and Bending Loading. Stapp Car Crash Journal, 53: 251-290.

Kent, RW, Salzar, RS, Kerrigan, JR, Parent, DP, Lessley, DJ, Sochor, MR, Luck, JF, Loyd, A, Song, Y, Nightingale, R, Bass, CR, Maltese, MR. (2009) Pediatric Thoracoabdominal Biomechanics. Stapp Car Crash Journal, 53: 373-401.

Kent, RW, Trowbridge, ML, Lopez-Valdes, FJ, Ordoyo, RH, Segui-Gomez, M. (2009) How many people are injured and killed as a result of aging? Frailty, fragility, and the elderly risk-exposure tradeoff assessed via a risk saturation model. Annals of Advances in Automotive Medicine (AAAM) 53: 41-50.

Kent, RW, Woods, WA, Salzar, RS, Damon, AM, Bass, CR. (2009) The transient relationship between pressure and volume in the pediatric pulmonary system. Journal of Biomechanics, 42(11): 1656-63.

Kerrigan, JR, Arregui-Dalmases, C, Crandall, JR. (2009) Pedestrian head impact dynamics: comparison of dummy and PMHS in small sedan and large SUV impacts. Paper 09-0127, Proceedings of the 21st International Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV).

Kerrigan, JR, Parent, DP, Untaroiu, CD, Crandall, JR, Deng, B. (2009) A New Approach to Multibody Model Development: Pedestrian Lower Extremity. Traffic Injury Prevention, 10: 386-397.

Kim, JE, Li, Z, Ito, Y, Huber, CD, Shih, AM, Eberhardt, AW, Yang, KH, King, AI, Soni, BK. (2009) Finite Element Model Development of a Child Pelvis With Optimization-based Material Identification. Journal of Biomechanics, 42(13):2191-2195.

Lamp, J, Kent, RW. (2009) A biomechanical assessment of the structural response to dynamic belt loading of the Hybrid III 6yo abdominal insert. Proceedings of the 5th Injury Biomechanics Symposium at the Ohio State University.

Lau, SH, Leigh, CM, Feldman, SH, Kent, RW. (2009) The use of macropus giganteus as a biomechanical model of the pediatric thorax. Poster presented at the Injury Biomechanics Symposium, The Ohio State University.

Lessley, DJ, Kent, RW, Crandall, JR, Salzar, RS, Shaw, CG. (2009) Internal vs. External Chest Deformation Response to Shoulder Belt Loading, Part 1: Table-Top Tests. Paper 2009-01-0393, Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE).

Lessley, DJ, Purtsezov, SV, Shaw, CG, Parent, DP, Riley, PO, Kent, RW, Crandall, JR. (2009) Assessment and Validation of a Methodology for Measuring Anatomical Kinematics During Impact Loading. International Workshop on Human Subjects for Biomechanical Research, 37, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, US DOT.

Li, Z, Ban, H. (2009) A Novel Sensor and Measurement System for Fireside Corrosion Monitoring in Coal-fired Boilers. LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing AG & CO KG. August, 2009.

Lopez-Valdes, FJ, Forman, JL, Ash, JH, Kindig, MW, Lamp, J. Kent, RW, Bohman, K, Bostrom, O. (2009) The frontal impact response of a booster-seated child-size PMHS. IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact.

Lopez-Valdes, FJ, Forman, JL, Kent, RW, Bostrom, O, Segui-Gomez, M. (2009) A comparison between a child-size PMHS and the Hybrid III 6 YO in a sled frontal impact. Annals of Advances in Automotive Medicine (AAAM) 53: 237-246.

Lopez-Valdes, FJ, Kent, RW, Shaw, CG, Lessley, DJ, Tanji, H, Higuchi, K. (2009) Optical Measurement of 6-DOF kinematics of Internal Body Structures During Frontal Impact Restraint Loading. Paper 20095066, Japan Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE).

Lucas, SR, Bass, CR, Crandall, JR, Kent, RW, Shen, FH, Salzar, RS. (2009) Viscoelastic and failure properties of spine ligament collagen fascicles. Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology, 8(6): 487-498.

Lucas, SR, McGowan, JR, Salzar, RS, Planchak, C, Getz, JE. (2009) Biomechanical Assessment of Small Craft Collisions. 2010 Chesapeake Power Boat Symposium Proceedings, 2, Annapolis, MD.

Panzer, MB, Bass, CR, Salzar, RS, Pellettiere, J, Myers, B. (2009) Evaluation of Ear-Mounted Sensors for Determining Impact Head Acceleration. IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact.

Panzer, MB, Cronin, DS. (2009) C4-C5 segment finite element model development, validation, and load-sharing investigation. Journal of Biomechanics, 42(4): 480-490.

Reed, MP, Sochor, MR, Rupp JD, Klinich KD, Manary MA. (2009) Anthropometric specification of child crash dummy pelves through statistical analysis of skeletal geometry. Journal of Biomechanics, 42(8): 1143-1145.

Ridella, SA, Eigen, AM, Kerrigan, JR, Crandall, JR. (2009) An Analysis of Injury Type and Distribution of Belted, Non-Ejected Occupants Involved In Rollover Crashes. Annals of Advances in Automotive Medicine (AAAM) 53.

Salzar, RS, Bass, CR, Lessley, DJ, Crandall, JR, Kent, RW, Bolton, JR. (2009) Viscoelastic response of the thorax under dynamic belt loading. Traffic Injury Prevention, 10(3): 290-296.

Salzar, RS, Bolton, JR, Crandall, JR. (2009) Ejection Injury to the Spine in Small Aviators: Sled Tests of Manikins vs. Postmortem Specimens. Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, 80(7): 621-628.

Salzar, RS, Genovese, D, Bass, CR, Bolton, JR, Guillemot, H, Damon, AM, Crandall, JR. (2009) Load path distribution within the pelvic structure under lateral loading. International Journal of Crashworthiness, 14(1): 99-110.

Segui-Gomez, M, Lopez-Valdes, FJ, Crandall, JR. (2009) Characterizing the distribution of injury and injury severity for belted front-seat occupants involved in frontal crashes. Proceedings of the International Research Council on the Biomechanics of Impact (IRCOBI).

Shaw, CG, Parent, DP, Purtsezov, S, Lessley, DJ, Crandall, JR, Kent, RW, Guillemot, H, Ridella, SA, Takhounts, E, Martin, P. (2009) Impact Response of Restrained PMHS in Frontal Sled Tests: Skeletal Deformation Patterns Under Seat Belt Loading. Stapp Car Crash Journal, 53, 1-48.

Shaw, CG, Parent, DP, Purtsezov, S, Lessley, DJ, Kerrigan, JR, Shin, J, Crandall, JR, Zama, Y, Ejima, S, Kamiji, K, Yasuki, T. (2009) Frontal Impact PMHS Sled Tests for FE TORSO Model Development. IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact.

Shin, J, Untaroiu, CD, Lessley, DJ, Crandall, JR. (2009) Thoracic Response to Shoulder Belt Loading: Investigation of Chest Stiffness and Longitudinal Strain Pattern of Ribs. Paper 2009-01-0384, SAE World Congress & Exhibition.

Sochor, MR, Ritchie, N, Kent, RW, Schneider, L. (2009) Patterns of rib fractures and internal thoracic injuries for occupants in front and side real-world crashes. Annals of Advances in Automotive Medicine (AAAM) 53.

Stacey, S, Forman, JL, Woods, WA, Arbogast, K, Kent, RW. (2009) Pediatric abdominal injury patterns generated by lap belt loading. Journal of Trauma, 67(6): 1278-1283.

Subit, D, Chabrand, P, Masson, C. (2009) A micromechanical model to predict damage and failure in biological tissues. Application to the ligament-to-bone attachment in the human knee joint. Journal of Biomechanics, 42(3): 261-265.

Trowbridge, MJ, Gurka, MJ, O'Connor, RE. (2009) Urban sprawl and delayed ambulance arrival in the U.S. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 37(5): 428-432.

Trowbridge, MJ, Kent, RW. (2009) Rear-seat motor vehicle travel in the U.S.: using national data to define a population at risk. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 37(4): 321-323.

Trowbridge, MJ, Subit, D, Crandall, JR. (2009) Characteristics of child pedestrian crashes in the United States. Annals of Advances in Automotive Medicine (AAAM) 53.

Untaroiu, CD, Duprey, S, Kerrigan, JR, Li, Z, Bose, D, Crandall, JR. (2009) Experimental and computational investigation of human clavicle response in anterior-posterior bending loading. Biomedical Sciences Instrumentation, 45: 6-11.

Untaroiu, CD, Lim, JY, Shin, J, Crandall, JR, Malone, DP, Tannous, RE. (2009) Evaluation of a Finite Element Model of the THOR-NT Dummy in Frontal Crash Environment. Paper 09-0272, Proceedings of the 21st International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV).

Untaroiu, CD, Lim, JY, Shin, J. (2009) Evaluation of a THOR Dummy Rigid-Body Model in Frontal Crash Environment using Objective Rating Techniques. Biomedical Sciences Instrumentation, 45: 95-100.

Untaroiu, CD, Meissner, MU, Crandall, JR, Takahashi, Y, Okamoto, M, Ito, O. (2009) Crash Reconstruction of Pedestrian Accidents using Optimization Techniques. International Journal of Impact Engineering, 36(2): 210-219.

Untaroiu, CD, Shin, J, Crandall, JR, Fredriksson, R, Bostrom, O, Takahashi, Y, Akiyama, A, Okamoto, M, Kikuchi, Y. (2009) Development and Validation of Pedestrian Sedan Bucks Using Finite Element Simulations: Application in Study the Influence of Vehicle Automatic Braking on the Kinematics of the Pedestrian Involved in Vehicle Collisions. Paper 09-0485, Proceedings of the 21st International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV).

Untaroiu, CD, Untaroiu, A, Younan, A, Allaire, PE. (2009) Automatic design optimization of rotors supported on tilting pad bearings. ASME Turbo Expo 2009: Power for Land, Sea and Air, GT2009-59159, Orlando, U.S.

Arregui-Dalmases, C, del Pozo, E, Duprey, S, Lopez-Valdes, FJ, Lau, AG, Subit, D, Kent, RW. (2008) A parametric study of hard tissue injury prediction using finite elements: consideration of geometric complexity, sub-failure material properties, CT-thresholding, and element characteristics. IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact.

Ash, JH, Sherwood, CP, Abdelilah, Y, Crandall, JR, Parent, DP, Kallieris, D. (2008) Comparison of Anthropomorphic Test Dummies with a Pediatric Cadaver Restrained by a Three-point Belt in Frontal Sled Tests. Proceedings of the 4th Injury Biomechanics Symposium at the Ohio State University.

Balandin, DV, Bolotnik, NN, Pilkey, WD, Purtsezov, SV, Shaw, CG. (2008) Concept of a platform-based impact isolation system for protection of wheelchair occupants from injuries in vehicle crashes. Medical Engineering and Physics, 30(2): 258-67.

Bass, CR, Crandall, JR, Salzar, RS, Rafaels, KA, Damon, AM, Lucas, SR. (2008) Assessing the Neck Injury Index (NII) Using Experimental Cadaver Tests. IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact.

Bass, CR, Damon, AM, Lucas, SR, Salzar, RS, Paskoff, G, Shender, BS. (2008) High Strain Rate Material Characterization of the Thoracic and Lumbar Spine. 79th Annual Scientific Meeting of the Aerospace Medical Association, Boston MA.

Bass, CR, Rafaels, KA, Salzar, RS, Carboni, M, Kent, RW, Lloyd, MD, Lucas, SR, Meyerhoff, K, Planchak, C, Damon, AM, Bass, GT. (2008) Thoracic and lumbar spinal impact tolerance. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 40(2): 487-495.

Bass, CR, Rafaels, KA, Salzar, RS. (2008) Pulmonary injury risk assessment for short duration blasts. Journal of Trauma, 65(3): 604-15.

Bass, CR, Salzar, RS, Ash, JH, Ziemba, A, Lucas, SR, Peterson, R, Pierce, E. (2008) Models for Assessing Spinal Dynamics and Injury from Repeated Impact in High Speed Planing Boats. Paper 2008-01-0782, Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE).

Bertrand, S, Cuny, S, Petit, P, Trosseille, X, Page, Y, Guillemot, H, Drazetic, P. (2008) Traumatic rupture of thoracic aorta in real-world motor vehicle crashes. Traffic Injury Prevention, 9(2): 153-161.

Bose, D, Bhalla, KS, Untaroiu, CD, Ivarsson, BJ, Crandall, JR, Hurwitz, S. (2008) Injury Tolerance and Moment Response of the Knee Joint to Combined Valgus Bending and Shear Loading. Journal of Biomechanical Engineering, 130(3).

Bose, D, Crandall, JR, Untaroiu, CD, Maslen, EH. (2008) Influence of pre-collision occupant properties on the injury response during frontal collision. IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact.

Bose, D, Crandall, JR. (2008) Influence of Active Muscle Contribution on the Injury Response of Restrained Car Occupants. Annals of Advances in Automotive Medicine (AAAM) 52: 61-72.

Brolin, K, Hedenstierna, S, Halldin, P, Bass, CR, Alem, N. (2008) The importance of muscle tension on the outcome of impacts with a major vertical component. International Journal of Crashworthiness, 13(5): 487-498.

Duprey, S, Bruyere, K, Verriest, JP. (2008) Influence of Geometrical Personalization on the Simulation of Clavicle Fractures. Journal of Biomechanics, 41(1): 200-207.

Forbes, PA, van Rooij, L, Rodaruis, C, Crandall, JR. (2008) Child Human Model Development: A Hybrid Validation Approach. Proceedings of the International Crashworthiness Conference, Kyoto, Japan.

Forman, JL, Michaelson, J, Kent, RW, Kuppa, S, Bostrom, O. (2008) Occupant restraint in the rear seat: ATD responses to standard and pre-tensioning, force-limiting belt restraints. Annals of Advances in Automotive Medicine (AAAM) 52: 141-154.

Forman, JL, Stacey, S, Evans, J, Kent, RW. (2008) Posterior acceleration as a mechanism of blunt traumatic injury of the aorta. Journal of Biomechanics, 41(6): 1359-1364.

Franz, JR, Dicharry, J, Riley, PO, Jackson, K, Wilder, RP, Kerrigan, DC. (2008) The influence of arch supports on knee torques relevant to knee osteoarthritis. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 40(5): 913-917.

Franz, JR, Riley, PO, Dicharry, J, Allaire, PE, Kerrigan, DC. (2008) Gait synchronized force modulation during the stance period of one limb achieved by an active partial body weight support system. Journal of Biomechanics, 41(15): 3116-3120.

Guillemot, H, Bertrand, S, Drazetic, P, Forman, JL, Kent, RW, Petit, P. (2008) Injury mechanisms of the traumatic rupture of the aorta: a review. Proceedings of the 18th Canadian Multidisciplinary Road Safety Conference. British Columbia, Canada.

Ito, O, Okamoto, M, Takahashi, Y, Mori, F, Meissner, MU, Untaroiu, CD, Crandall, JR. (2008) Validation of a human FE lower limb model for a child pedestrian against accident data. JSAE Transaction, 39(1): 21-26.

Ivarsson, BJ, Manaswi, A, Genovese, D, Crandall, JR, Hurwitz, SR, Burke, C, Fakhry, S. (2008) Site, type, and local mechanism of tibial shaft fracture in drivers in frontal automobile crashes. Forensic Science International, 175(2-3): 186-192.

Kendall, RG, Sherwood, CP, Crandall, JR. (2008) A Computational Study of Rear-Facing and Forward-Facing Child Restraints. SAE Transactions: Journal of Passenger Cars, 1(1): 938-970. Based on SAE Paper 2008-01-1233.

Kent, RW, Stacey, S, Kindig, MW, Woods, WA, Evans, J, Rouhana, SW, Higuchi, K, Tanji, H, St. Lawrence, S, Arbogast, KB. (2008) Biomechanical Response of the pediatric Abdomen, Part 2: Injuries and Their Correlation with Engineering Parameters. Stapp Car Crash Journal, 52: 135-166.

Kent, RW, Stacey, S, Parenteau, C. (2008) Dynamic pinch tolerance of the phalanges and interphalangeal joints. Traffic Injury Prevention, 9(1): 83-88.

Kent, RW, Woods, WA, Bostrom, O. (2008) Fatality risk and the presence of rib fractures. Annals of Advances in Automotive Medicine (AAAM) 52: 73-84.

Kent, RW. (2008) Frontal thoracic response to dynamic loading: the role of superficial tissues, viscera and the rib cage. International Journal of Crashworthiness, 13(3): 289-300.

Kerrigan, JR, Crandall, JR, Deng, B. (2008) A Comparative Analysis of the Pedestrian Injury Risk Predicted by Mechanical Impactors and Post Mortem Human Surrogates. Stapp Car Crash Journal, 52: 527-567.

Kerrigan, JR, Parent, DP, Untaroiu, CD, Crandall, JR, Deng, B. (2008) A New Detailed Multi-Body Model of the Pedestrian Lower Extremity: Development and Preliminary Validation. IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact.

Kerrigan, JR, Rudd, RW, Subit, D, Untaroiu, CD, Crandall, JR. (2008) Pedestrian Lower Extremity Response and Injury: Small Sedan vs. Large SUV. SAE Transactions: Journal of Passenger Cars, 1(1): 985-1002. Based on SAE Paper 2008-01-1245.

Kim, JE, Li, Z, Ito, Y, Huber, C, Shih, AM, Soni, BK, Yang, K, Eberhardt, AW. (2008) Development of A Finite Element Model of A Pediatric Pelvis and Material Property Estimation. ASME Summer Bioengineering Conference, June 25-19, Marco Island, Florida.

Klinich KD, Flannagan CA, Rupp JD, Sochor, MR, Schneider LW, Pearlman MD. (2008) Fetal outcome in motor-vehicle crashes: effects of crash characteristics and maternal restraint. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 198(4): 450-459.

Lamp, J, Kent, RW, Forman, JL. (2008) Preliminary study of the effects of calcification on the structural behavior of costal cartilage. Poster presented at the Proceedings of the 4th Injury Biomechanics Symposium at the Ohio State University.

Lau, AG, Oyen, ML, Kent, RW, Murakami, D, Torigaki, T. (2008) Indentation stiffness of aging human costal cartilage. Acta Biomaterialia, 4: 97-103.

Lau, SH, Rafaels, KA, Bass, CR, Kent, RW. (2008) An Assessment of Macropus Giganteus as a Biomechanical Model of the Pediatric Thorax. Proceedings of the 4th Injury Biomechanics Symposium at the Ohio State University.

Lessley, DJ, Salzar, RS, Crandall, JR, Kent, RW, Bolton, JR, Bass, CR, Forman, JL. (2008) Kinematics of the Thorax under Dynamic Belt Loading Conditions. Proceedings of the International Crashworthiness Conference, Kyoto, Japan.

Li, Z, Kim, JE, Ito, Y, Shih, AM, Eberhardt, AW, Soni, BK. (2008) Development and Validation of a Finite Element Model for a 10-Year-Old Human Pelvis. 2008 Southeastern Meeting of the American Society of Biomechanics, April 27-29, Birmingham, AL.

Lloyd SAJ, Yuan, YY, Kostenuik PJ, Ominsky MS, Lau AG, Morony S, Stolina M, Asuncion FJ, Bateman TA. (2008) Soluble RANKL Induces High Bone Turnover and Decreases Bone Volume, Density, and Strength in Mice. Calcified Tissue International, 82(5): 361-372.

Lopez-Valdes, FJ, Michaelson, J, Arregui-Dalmases, C, Kent, RW, Segui-Gomez, M. (2008) Crash test head-neck injury prediction and correlation with real world data for pediatric occupants. Annals of Advances in Automotive Medicine (AAAM) 52.

Lopez-Valdes, FJ, Segui-Gomez, M, Frampton, R. (2008) Evaluating the appropriateness of the injury scaling method for pediatric motor vehicle injuries. Annals of Advances in Automotive Medicine (AAAM) 52.

Lucas, SR, Bass, CR, Salzar, RS, Oyen, ML, Planchak, MS, Ziemba, MS, Shender, BS, Paskoff, G. (2008) Viscoelastic properties of the cervical spine under fast strain rate deformations. Acta Biomaterialia, 4: 117-125.

Lucas, SR, Salzar, RS, Bass, CR. (2008) Viscoelastic Properties of Spine Ligament Collagen Fascicles. Proceedings of the ASME Summer Bioengineering Conference, Marco Island, Fl.

Michaelson, J, Forman, JL, Kent, RW, Kuppa, S. (2008) Rear Seat Occupant Safety: Kinematics and Injury of PMHS Restrained by a Standard 3-Point Belt in Frontal Crashes. Stapp Car Crash Journal, 52: 295-326.

Panzer, MB (2008) Brain Injuries from Blast. 2008 Duke University Biomedical Engineering Retreat. Beaufort, NC.

Parent, DP, Crandall, JR. (2008) Scaling and Optimization of Thoracic Impact Response in Pediatric Subjects. Proceedings of the International Crashworthiness Conference, Kyoto, Japan.

Rafaels, KA, Bass, CR, Salzar, RS. (2008) Pulmonary Injury Risk Assessment for Long Duration Blasts. Presented at the Personal Armour Systems Symposium (PASS) Brussels, Belgium.

Riley, PO, Dicharry, J, Franz, J, Della Croce, U, Wilder, RP, Kerrigan, DC. (2008) A kinematics and kinetic comparison of overground and treadmill running. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 40(6): 1093-1100.

Salzar, RS, Bass, CR, Lessley, DJ, Crandall, JR, Kent, RW, Bolton, JR. (2008) Viscoelastic Response of the Thorax under Dynamic Belt Loading. IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact.

Salzar, RS, Bass, CR, Pellettiere, J. (2008) Improving Earpiece Accelerometer Coupling to the Head. SAE Transactions: Journal of Passenger Cars-Mechanical Systems, 1367-1381. Based on SAE Paper 2008-01-2978.

Segui-Gomez, M, Lopez-Valdes, FJ, Tsirigoti, A, Ntinapogias, A. (2008) The European Code Against Injuries (ECAI) Message 1: Be a safe driver & Be a safe road user. Archives of Hellenic Medicine, 25(S1):11-18.

Shaw, CG. (2008) Investigation of large transit vehicle accidents and establishing appropriate protection for wheelchair riders. Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development, 45(1): 85-108.

Shin, J, Untaroiu, CD, Crandall, JR. (2008) Pelvic Response Investigation of Lateral Loading Conditions using Finite Element Models. 10th International LS-DYNA Users Conference, Detroit, MI.

Shin, J, Untaroiu, CD, Kerrigan, JR, Forman, JL, Crandall, JR. (2008) Kinematic Analyses of Instrumentation Cubes in Vehicle Impact Experiments. Biomedical Sciences Instrumentation, 44: 76-81.

Sochor, MR, Trowbridge MJ, Boscak A, Maino JC, Maio RF. (2008) Postmortem computed tomography as an adjunct to autopsy for analyzing fatal motor vehicle crash injuries: results of a pilot study. Journal of Trauma, 65(3): 659-665.

Sochor, MR, Trowbridge, M, Boscak, A, Maio, R. (2008) Traumautopsy: A Unique Crash Reconstruction Method for Determining Injury Patterns in Fatal Motor Vehicle Crashes. Paper 2008-01-0519, Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE).

Subit, D, Kerrigan, JR, Crandall, JR, Fukuyama, K, Yamazaki, K, Kamiji, K, Yasuki, T. (2008) Pedestrian-vehicle interaction: kinematics and injury analysis of four full scale tests. IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact.

Subit, D, Masson, C, Brunet, C, Chabrand, P. (2008) Microstructure of the ligament-to-bone attachment complex in the human knee joint. Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, 1: 360-367.

Subit, D, Ogam, E, Gabrielli, F, Guillemain, Ph, Kent, RW, Masson, C. (2008) Rib failure detection using time-frequency analysis: a feasibility study. International Workshop on Human Subjects for Biomechanical Research, 36, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, US DOT.

Trowbridge, MJ, McDonald, NC. (2008) Urban Sprawl and Miles Driven Daily by Teenagers in the United States. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 34(3): 202-206.

Untaroiu, A, Goyne, C, Untaroiu, CD, Wood, HG, Allaire, PE. (2008) Computational Modeling and Experimental Investigation of Static Straight-Through Labyrinth Seals. ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and RD&D Congress, IMECE2008-67847.

Untaroiu, CD, Allaire, P, Foiles, B. (2008) Balancing of Flexible Rotors using Convex Optimization Techniques - Generalized Min-Max LMI Influence Coefficient Method. Journal of Vibration and Acoustics, 130(1): 1-5.

Untaroiu, CD, Genovese, D, Ivarsson, BJ, Crandall, JR. (2008) A Finite Element Analysis of Mid-Shaft Femoral Tolerance under Combined Axial-Bending Loading. 10th International LS-DYNA Users Conference, Detroit, MI.

Untaroiu, CD, Ivarsson, BJ, Genovese, D, Bose, D, Crandall, JR. (2008) Biomechanical Injury Response of Leg Subjected to Dynamic Combined Axial and Bending Loading. Biomedical Sciences Instrumentation, 44: 141-146.

Untaroiu, CD, Salzar, RS, Guillemot, H, Crandall, JR. (2008) Pelvic response under lateral impact loading: the force transmission path and the strain distribution of pubic rami. Southeastern Meeting of the American Society of Biomechanics.

Untaroiu, CD, Salzar, RS, Guillemot, H, Crandall, JR. (2008) The Strain Distribution and Force Transmission Path through Pubic Rami during Lateral Pelvic Impacts. ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and RD&D Congress, IMECE2008-67791.

Untaroiu, CD, Shin, J, Ivarsson, BJ, Crandall, JR, Subit, D, Takahashi, Y, Akiyama, A, Kikuchi, Y. (2008) A study of the pedestrian impact kinematics using finite element dummy models: the corridors and dimensional analysis scaling of upper-body trajectories. International Journal of Crashworthiness, 13(5): 469-478.

Untaroiu, CD, Shin, J, Shaw, CG, Lessley, DJ, Crandall, JR. (2008) Thoracic response under dynamic mid-sternal compressive loading: finite element investigation of thoracic stiffness. Southeastern Meeting of the American Society of Biomechanics.

Woods, WA, Kent, RW. (2008) Impact of rib fractures on mortality for older motor vehicle crash victims. Academic Emergency Medicine, 15(5): S138-S139.

Arbogast, KB, Kent, RW, Menon, RA, Ghati, Y, Durbin, DR, Rouhana, SW. (2007) Mechanisms of Abdominal Organ Injury in Seat Belt-Restrained Children. Journal of Trauma, 62(6): 1473-1480.

Balandin, DV, Bolotnik, NN, Crandall, JR, Pilkey, WD, Purtsezov SV. (2007) Optimal impact isolation for injury prevention evaluated by the head injury criterion. Shock and Vibration, 14(5): 355-370.

Bass, CR, Lucas, SR, Salzar, RS, Oyen, M, Planchak, C, Shender, B, Paskoff, G. (2007) Failure Properties of Cervical Spinal Ligaments Under Fast Strain Rate Deformations. Spine, 32(1): E7-E13.

Bass, CR, Planchak, CJ, Salzar, RS, Lucas, SR, Rafaels, KA, Shender, BS, Paskoff, G. (2007) The temperature-dependent viscoelasticity of porcine lumbar spine ligaments. Spine, 32(16): E436-442.

Bass, CR, Salzar, RS, Ash, JH, Ziemba, A, Lucas, SR, Peterson, R, Pierce, E, Price, B. (2007) Dynamics models for the assessment of spinal injury from repeated impact in high speed planing boats. IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact.

Bose, D, Arnoux, PJ, Cardot, J, Brunet, C. (2007) Evaluation of Knee Injury Thresholds in Pedestrian-car Crash Loading using Numerical Approach. International Journal of Crashworthiness, 12(4): 381-399.

Bose, D, Subit, D, Ivarsson, BJ, Crandall, JR, Takahashi, Y, Kikuchi, Y, Akiyama, A. (2007) Biofidelity Improvements to the Polar-II Pedestrian Dummy Lower Extremity. Paper 2007-01-0757, Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE).

Bose, D, Untaroiu, CD, Crandall, JR. (2007) Influence of Pre-Crash Bracing on Impact Energy Distribution in a Car Occupant. Poster presented at the Proceedings of the 3rd Injury Biomechanics Symposium at the Ohio State University.

Duprey, S, Bruyere, K, Verriest, JP. (2007) Experimental and simulated flexion tests of humerus. International Journal of Crashworthiness, 12(2): 153-158.

Duprey, S, Bruyere, K, Verriest, JP. (2007) Human Shoulder Response to Side Impacts: a Finite Element Study. Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering, 10(5): 361-370.

Duprey, S, Bruyere, K, Verriest, JP. (2007) Numerical simulation of shoulder lateral impacts for shoulder injury prediction. IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact.

Duprey, S, Bruyere, K, Verriest, JP. (2007) Numerical Simulations of Clavicle Compression Tests with Humos Clavicle Models. Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering, 10(Supp 1): 37-38.

Duprey, S, Subit, D, Rutherford, A, Kent, RW. (2007) Strain-Based Methodology To Assess The Load Transmitted Into The Clavicle During Lateral Shoulder Impacts. International Workshop on Human Subjects for Biomechanical Research, 35, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, US DOT.

Eberhardt, WC, Lee, SH, Humphrey, J, Kent, RW. (2007) Experimental and numerical study of the flow in a synthetic aorta for traumatic rupture conditions. 5th International Symposium on Turbulence and Shear Flow Phenomena, Munich, Germany.

Elhagediab, A, Hardy, W, Rouhana, S, Kent, RW, Arbogast, K, Higuchi, K. (2007) Development of an instrumented rate-sensitive abdomen for the six year old Hybrid III dummy. JSAE Annual Congress, Yokohama, Japan.

Franz, JR, Glauser, M, Riley, PO, Della Croce, U, Newton, F, Allaire, PE, Kerrigan, DC. (2007) Physiological modulation of gait variables by an active partial body weight support system. Journal of Biomechanics, 40(14): 3244-3250.

Funk, JR, Rudd, RW, Kerrigan, JR, Crandall, JR. (2007) The Line of Action in the Tibia During Axial Compression of the Leg. Journal of Biomechanics, 40(10): 2277-2282.

Henary, BY, Sherwood, CP, Crandall, JR, Kent, RW, Vaca, FE, Arbogast, KB, Bull, MJ. (2007) Car safety seats for children: rear facing for best protection. Injury Prevention, 13: 398-402.

Ito, O, Okamoto, M, Takahashi, Y, Mori, F, Meissner, MU, Untaroiu, CD, Crandall, JR. (2007) Validation of a human FE lower limb model for a child pedestrian against accident data. IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact.

Ito, O, Okamoto, M, Takahashi, Y, Mori, F, Meissner, MU, Untaroiu, CD, Crandall, JR. (2007) Validation of a human FE model for child pedestrian. Paper 20075374, JSAE Annual Congress (in Japanese).

Ivarsson, BJ, Crandall, JR, Fredriksson, F, Burke, C, Stadter, G, Fakhry, S. (2007) Pedestrian head impact - what determines the likelihood and location? Paper 07-0373. Proceedings of the 20th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV).

Kent, RW, Balandin, DV, Bolotnik, NN, Pilkey, WD, Purtsezov, SV. (2007) Optimal control of restraint force in an automobile impact. Journal of Dynamic Systems, Measurement, and Control, 129(4): 415-424.

Kent, RW, Bass, C. (2007) Experimentacion con animales (English: Experimentation with animals) in Fundamentos de Biomecanica en las Lesiones por Accidente de Trafico. (English: Fundamentals of Biomechanics and Road Traffic Injuries) C. Arregui-Dalmases, J. Luzon, M. Segui-Gomez (eds.) Ars XXI, Madrid, 2007.

Kent, RW, Forman, JL, Parent, DP, Kuppa, S. (2007) Rear seat occupant protection in frontal crashes and its feasibility. Paper 07-0386, Proceedings of the 20th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV).

Kent, RW, Forman, JL, Parent, DP, Kuppa, S. (2007) The feasibility and effectiveness of belt pretensioning and load limiting for adults in the rear seat. International Journal of Vehicle Safety, 2(4): 378-403.

Kent, RW, Purtsezov, SV, Pilkey, WD. (2007) Limiting performance analysis of a seat belt system with slack. International Journal of Impact Engineering, 34(8): 1382-1395.

Kent, RW. (2007) A proposito de una lesion y su correspondiente analisis biomecanico (English: Injury biomechanics and its application to the study of a specific injury) in Fundamentos de Biomecanica en las Lesiones por Accidente de Trafico. (English: Fundamentals of Biomechanics and Road Traffic Injuries) C. Arregui-Dalmases, J. Luzon, M. Segui-Gomez (eds.) Ars XXI, Madrid, 2007.

Kent, RW. (2007) Los Fundamentos de Herida de Accidente y Biomechanics: ¿Que Puede Justando a Caballeros, Rupturas Aorticas, y David de Michelangelo Enseñenos Sobre Seguridad de Trafico? (English: The Basics of Crash Injury and Biomechanics: What Can Jousting Knights, Aortic Ruptures, and Michelangelo's David Teach Us About Traffic Safety?) in Lesiones por Accidente de Trafico. Principios de Biomecanica del Impacto (English: Motor Vehicle Injuries. Principles of the Biomechanics of Impact) C. Arregui-Dalmases, J. Luzon, M. Segui-Gomez (eds.) Ars XXI, Madrid, 2007.

Kerrigan, JR, Crandall, JR, Deng B. (2007) Pedestrian kinematic response to mid-sized vehicle impact. International Journal of Vehicle Safety, 2(3): 221-240.

Kindig, MW, Forman, JL, Lau, AG, Kent, RW. (2007) Methodology for assessing kinematic and dynamic changes in eviscerated rib cage undergoing anterior loading. Proceedings of the 3rd Injury Biomechanics Symposium at the Ohio State University

Lau, AG, Kindig, MW, Forman, JL, Kent, RW. (2007) Material properties of the costal chondral junction. Poster presented at the Proceedings of the 3rd Injury Biomechanics Symposium at the Ohio State University.

Lee, SH, Kent, RW. (2007) Blood flow and fluid-structure interactions in the human aorta during traumatic rupture conditions. Stapp Car Crash Journal, 51: 211-233

Lopez-Valdes, F, Seguí-Gomez, M, Martínez-Gonzalez, MA. (2007) Causas externas – Accidentes, in: Martínez-Gonzalez MA, Seguí-Gomez M (Eds.) Compendio de Salud Pública, Ulzama Digital. Pamplona.

Lopez-Valdes, FJ, Seguí-Gomez M. Analisis de accidentes de trafico recogidos en sistemas de informacion, in Arregui-Dalmases C, Luzon J, Seguí-Gomez (Eds.) Fundamentos de Biomecanica en las lesiones por Accidentes de Trafico. Ars XXI. Madrid, 2007.

Lopez-Valdes, FJ, Segui-Gomez, M, Martinez-Gonzalez, MA. (2007) Causas externas - Accidentes [External causes - Accidents] In: Martínez-Gonzalez, MA, Segui-Gomez, M (Eds) Compendio de Salud Pública [Compendium on Public Health]. Ulzama Digital, Pamplona, Spain. ISBN: 978-84-96807-20-4.

Lopez-Valdes, FJ, Segui-Gomez, M. (2007) Analisis de Accidentes de Trafico Recogidos en Sistemas de Informacion [Analysis of Traffic Accident data from Information Systems]. In: Arregui-Dalmases, C, Luzon, J, Segui-Gomez, M (Eds.) Fundamentos de Biomecanica en las Lesiones por Accidente de Trafico. [Principles of Biomechanics of Motor Vehicle Injuries] Ars XXI, Madrid. ISBN: 9788497512596.

 

Lopez-Valdes, FJ, van Ratingen, M. (2007) Maniquíes Antropomorficos para Ensayos de Choque [Anthropomorphic Test Devices for Crash Tests] In: Arregui-Dalmases, C, Luzon, J, Segui-Gomez, M (Eds.) Fundamentos de Biomecanica en las Lesiones por Accidente de Trafico. [Principles of Biomechanics of Motor Vehicle Injuries] Ars XXI, Madrid. ISBN: 9788497512596.

 

Lopez-Valdes, FJ, van Ratingen, M. (2007) Maniquíes antropomorficos para ensayos de impacto, in Arregui-Dalmases, C, Luzon, J, Seguí-Gomez, M (Eds.) Fundamentos de Biomecanica en las lesiones por Accidentes de Trafico. Ars XXI. Madrid, 2007.

Michaelson, J, Kent, RW. (2007) Bone density variation throughout the body. Proceedings of the 3rd Injury Biomechanics Symposium at the Ohio State University.

Michetti, CP, Hanna, R, Crandall, JR, Fakhry, SM. (2007) Contemporary Analysis of Thoracic Aortic Injury: Importance of Screening Based On Crash Characteristics. Journal of Trauma, 63(1): 18-24.

Millington, SA, Grabner, M, Wozelka, R, Anderson, DD, Hurwitz, SR, Crandall, JR. (2007) Quantification of ankle articular cartilage topography and thickness using a high resolution stereophotography system. Osteoarthritis and Cartilage. 15(2): 205-211.

Millington, SA, Grabner, M, Wozelka, R, Hurwitz, S, Crandall, JR. (2007) A Stereophotographic study of ankle joint contact area and joint contact distribution. Journal of Orthopaedic Research, 25(11): 1465-1473.

Millington, SA, Li, B, Tang, J, Tratting, S, Crandall, JR, Hurwitz, S, Acton, S. (2007) A Quantitative and topographical evaluation of ankle articular cartilage using high resolution MRI. Journal of Orthopedic Research, 25(2): 143-151.

Paolini, G, Della Croce, U, Riley, PO, Newton, FK, Kerrigan, DC. (2007) Testing of a tri-instrumented-treadmill unit for kinetic analysis of locomotion tasks in static and dynamic loading conditions. Medical Engineering & Physics, 29(3): 404-411.

Riley, PO, Paolini G, Della CU, Paylo KW, Kerrigan DC, (2007) A kinematic and kinetic comparison of overground and treadmill walking in healthy subjects. Gait and Posture, 26(1): 17-24.

Rodríguez de Armenta, MJ, Seguí-Gomez, M, Lopez-Valdes, F. (2007) Causas externas- suicidio, homicidio, violencia, in: Martínez-Gonzalez MA, Seguí-Gomez M (Eds.) Compendio de Salud Pública, Ulzama Digital. Pamplona.

Rodríguez de Armenta, MJ, Segui-Gomez, M, Lopez-Valdes, FJ. (2007) Causas externas- suicidio, homicidio, violencia [External causes – suicide, homicida, violence] In: Martínez-Gonzalez, MA, Segui-Gomez, M (Eds) Compendio de Salud Pública [Compendium on Public Health]. Ulzama Digital, Pamplona, Spain. ISBN: 978-84-96807-20-4.

Segui-Gomez, M, Lopez-Valdes, FJ, Frampton, R. (2007) An evaluation of the EuroNCAP crash safety rating in the real world. Annual Proceedings/Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine, 51: 282-298.

Segui-Gomez, M, Lopez-Valdes, FJ. (2007) Recognizing the importance of injury in other policy forums: the case of motorcycle licensing policy in Spain. Injury Prevention, 13(6): 429-30.

Shaw, CG, Lessley, DJ, Evans, J, Crandall, JR, Shin, J, Portier, P, Paoloni, G. (2007) Quasi-static and dynamic thoracic loading tests: cadaveric torsos. IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact.

Sherwood, CP, Crandall, JR. (2007) Frontal sled tests comparing rear and forward facing child restraints with 1-3 year old dummies. Annual Proceedings/Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine 51: 169-180.

Sherwood, CP, Marshall, R, Crandall, JR. (2007) The development of an injury cost function for child passenger safety. Paper 07-0127, Proceedings of the 20th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV).

Shin, J, Untaroiu, CD, Kerrigan, JR, Crandall, JR, Subit, D, Takahashi, Y, Akiyama, A, Kikuchi, Y, Longhitano, D. (2007) Investigating Pedestrian Kinematics with the Polar-II Finite Element Model. SAE Transactions: Journal of Passenger Cars-Mechanical Systems, 116(7): 655-667. Based on SAE Paper 2007-01-0756.

Siegel, HJ, Worthen, J, Li, Z, Eberhardt, AW. (2007) A Finite Element of Bone Metastasis involving the Periacetabulum. The Annual Meeting of Mid-America Orthopaedic Society in April 2007, Amelia Island, FL.

Untaroiu, CD, Kerrigan, JR, Kam, CY, Crandall, JR, Yamazaki, K, Fukuyama, K, Kamiji, K, Yasukis T, Funk, JR. (2007) Correlation of strain and loads measured in the long bones with observed kinematics of the lower limb during vehicle-pedestrian impacts. Stapp Car Crash Journal, 51: 433-466.

Untaroiu, CD, Shin, J, Crandall, JR. (2007) A Design Optimization Approach of Vehicle Hood for Pedestrian Protection. International Journal of Crashworthiness, 12(6): 581-589.

Untaroiu, CD, Shin, J, Ivarsson, BJ, Crandall, JR, Takahashi, Y, Akiyama, A, Kikuchi, Y. (2007) Pedestrian kinematics investigation with finite element dummy models based on Anthropometry scaling method. Paper 07-0328, Proceedings of the 20th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV).

Bass, CR, Donnellan, L, Salzar, RS, Lucas, SR, Folk, B, Davis, M, Rafaels, KA, Planchak, C, Meyerhoff, K, Ziemba, A, Alem, N. (2006) A New Neck Injury Criterion in Combined Vertical/Frontal Crashes with Head Supported Mass. IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact.

Bass, CR, Donnellan, L, Salzar, RS, Lucas, SR, Folk, B, Davis, M, Rafaels, KA, Planchak, C, Meyerhoff, K, Ziemba, A, Alem, N. (2006) Injuries in Cadaveric Tests Simulating Rotary Wing Aviators in Vertical/Frontal Crashes with Head Mounted Mass, Aerospace Medical Association Conference. Orlando, FL.

Bass, CR, Rafaels, KA, Salzar, RS, Meyerhoff, K, Planchak, C, Stringer, B, Goyne, C, Waclawik, S. (2006) Developing a Test Methodology for Assessing Nonpenetrating Blast Trauma in Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) Suits. Personal Armour Systems Symposium (PASS) Sept 18-22, Leeds, UK, p. 199-208.

Bass, CR, Rafaels, KA, Salzar, RS. (2006) A New Injury Criteria for Blast. Personal Armour Systems Symposium (PASS) Leeds, UK.

Bass, CR, Rafaels, KA, Salzar, RS. (2006) Pulmonary injury risk assessment for short-duration blasts. Personal Armour Systems Symposium (PASS) Sept 18-22, Leeds, UK, p. 233-248.

Bass, CR, Salzar, RS, Lucas, SR, Davis, M, Donnellan, L, Folk, B, Sanderson, E, Waclawik, S. (2006) Injury Risk in Behind Armor Blunt Thoracic Trauma. International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics. (12)4: 429-442.

Bass, CR, Woods, WA, Salzar, RS, Rafaels, KA. (2006) Brain Injury from Blast. Poster presented at the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) March 27, 2006.

Bass, CR, Ziemba, A, Lucas, SR, Salzar, RS. (2006) Evaluation of Criteria for Assessing Risk of Impact Injury in High Speed Craft. ABCD Symposium on Human Performance. Panama City, FL.

Cheng, ZQ, Pellettiere, JA, Pilkey, WD. (2006) Energy Distribution Analysis of Impact Signals Based on Wave Decomposition. Proceedings of the 75th Shock and Vibration Symposium.

Crandall, JR, Lessley, DJ, Kerrigan, JR, Ivarsson, BJ. (2006) Thoracic Deformation Response of Pedestrians Resulting from Vehicle Impact. International Journal of Crashworthiness, 11(6): 529-539.

Crandall, JR, Lessley, DJ, Kerrigan, JR, Ivarsson, BJ. (2006) Thoracic Deformation Response of Pedestrians Resulting from Vehicle Impact. Proceedings of the International Crashworthiness Conference, Athens, Greece.

Cronin DS, Panzer MB, Forbes PA. (2006) Impact Biomechanics: Advanced Human Body Models to Predict Trauma. 2006 Club for Undergraduate Biomedical Engineers Symposium. Waterloo, ON.

Forman, JL, Kent, RW. (2006) Restraint Dependency in Hybrid III Rib Fracture Prediction: A Comparison of Hybrid III and Cadaver Chest Deflection Response in Restrained Frontal Sled Tests. Proceedings of the 2nd Injury Biomechanics Symposium at the Ohio State University.

Forman, JL, Lessley, DJ, Kent, RW, Bostrom, O, Pipkorn, B. (2006) Whole-body Kinematic and Dynamic Response of Restrained PMHS in Frontal Sled Tests. Stapp Car Crash Journal 50: 299-336.

Forman, JL, Lessley, DJ, Shaw, CG, Evans, J, Kent, RW, Rouhana, S, Prasad, P. (2006) Thoracic Response of Belted PMHS, the Hybrid III, and the THOR-NT Mid-Sized Male Surrogates in Low Speed, Frontal Crashes. Stapp Car Crash Journal, 50: 191-215.

Funk, JR, Crandall, JR. (2006) Calculation of Tibial Loading Using Strain Gauges. Biomedical Sciences Instrumentation, 42: 160-165.

Henary, BY, Ivarsson, BJ, Crandall, JR. (2006) The Influence of Age on the Morbidity and Mortality of Pedestrian Victims. Traffic Injury Prevention, 7(2): 182-190.

Ivarsson, BJ, Crandall, JR, Okamoto, M. (2006) Influence of Age-Related Stature on the Frequency of Body Region Injury and Overall Injury Severity in Child Pedestrian Casualties. Traffic Injury Prevention, 7: 290-298.

Kendall, R, Meissner, MU, Crandall, JR. (2006) The Causes of Head Injury in Vehicle-Pedestrian Impacts: Comparing the Relative Danger of Vehicle and Road Surface. Paper 2006-01-0462, Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE).

Kent, RW, Bass, CR, Woods, WA, Salzar, RS, Lee, SH, Melvin, J. (2006) The role of muscle tensing on the force-deflection response of the thorax and a reassessment of frontal impact thoracic biofidelity corridors. Journal of Automobile Engineering. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, 220(D7): 853-868.

Kent, RW, Crandall, JR. (2006) A hybrid technique for determining optimal restraint system characteristics. International Journal of Crashworthiness, 11(4): 379-385.

Kent, RW, Stacey, S, Forman, JL, Kindig, MW, Evans, J, Woods, WA, Oyen, ML, Higuchi, K, Tanji, H, St. Lawrence, S, Arbogast, K. (2006) Assessment of injury criteria for predicting pediatric abdominal injury risk from seatbelt loading. Paper 20065427, JSAE Annual Congress.

Kent, RW, Stacey, S, Kindig, MW, Forman, JL, Woods, WA, Rouhana, S, Higuchi, K, Tanji, H, St. Lawrence, S, Arbogast, KB. (2006) Biomechanical Response of the Pediatric Abdomen, Part 1: Development of an Experimental Model and Quantification of Structural Response to Dynamic Belt Loading. Stapp Car Crash Journal, 50: 1-26.

Kent, RW, Stacey, S, Mattice, JM, Kindig, MW, Forman, JL, Woods, WA, Evans, J. (2006) Assessment of abdominal injury criteria for use with pediatric seatbelt loading. Proceedings of the 5th World Congress of Biomechanics, Munich, Germany, abstract in J. Biomech. 39(1): S159.

Kindig, MW, Stacey, S, Mattice, JM, Forman, JL, Evans, J, Woods, WA, Kent, RW. (2006) Evaluating the abdominal response of a porcine surrogate to lap belt loading. Proceedings of the 2nd Injury Biomechanics Symposium at the Ohio State University

Lau, AG, Kindig, MW, Kent, RW. (2006) Material characterization of the costal cartilage junction. International Workshop on Human Subjects for Biomechanical Research, 34, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, US DOT.

Lau, AG, Mattice, JM, Murakami, D, Oyen, ML, Kent, RW. (2006) The Effects of Aging on the Material Properties of Human Costal Cartilage. Proceedings of the 2nd Injury Biomechanics Symposium at the Ohio State University.

Lucas, SR, Bass, CR, Planchak, CJ, Salzar, RS, Shender, BS, Paskoff, G. (2006) Temperature and age effects on high rate viscoelasticity of cervical spinal components. Proceedings of the 5th World Congress of Biomechanics, Munich, Germany, abstract in J. Biomech. 39(1): S151.

Lucas, SR, Bass, CR, Salzar, RS, Planchak, C, Ziemba, A, Shender, BS, Paskoff, G. (2006) Age-Dependent Material Properties of Soft Tissues in the Spine. Aerospace Medical Association Conference. Orlando, FL.

Lucas, SR, Bass, CR, Salzar, RS, Shender, B, Paskoff, G. (2006) High Rate Viscoelastic Properties of Human Cervical Spinal Intervertebral Discs. American Society of Biomechanics Annual Meeting. Blacksburg, VA.

Mattice, JM, Lau, AG, Oyen, ML, Kent, RW. (2006) Spherical Indentation Load-Relaxation of Soft Biological Tissues. Journal of Materials Research, 21(8): 2003-2010.

Murakami, D, Kobayashi, S, Torigaki, T, Kent, RW. (2006) Finite Element Analysis of Hard and Soft Tissue Contributions to Thoracic Response: Sensitivity Analysis of Fluctuations in Boundary Conditions. Stapp Car Crash Journal, 50: 169-189.

Nordhagen, RP, Warner, M, Perl, T, Kent, RW. (2006) Accident reconstruction for rear pole impacts of passenger cars. SAE Transactions: Journal of Passenger Cars: Mechanical Systems, 115(6): 790-815. Based on SAE Paper 2006-01-0899.

Oyen, ML, Calvin, SE. (2006) Thickness effects on fracture properties of the placental membranes. Proceedings of the 5th World Congress of Biomechanics, Munich, Germany, abstract in J. Biomech. 39(1): S342.

Oyen, ML, Lau, AG, Kindig, MW, Stacey, S, Kent, RW. (2006) Mechanical properties of structural tissues of the pediatric thorax. Proceedings of the 5th World Congress of Biomechanics, Munich, Germany, abstract in J. Biomech. 39(1): S156.

Paek, CI, Shaw, CG, Crandall, JR, Baek, YH, Ko, OS. (2006) Responses of Hybrid III 50th and THOR-NT 50th in Sled Tests with Different Seat Belt Pretensioner Configurations. Proceedings of the ASME-IMECE-International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition.

Pilkey, WD, Balandin, DV, Bolotnik, NN, Purtsezov SV. (2006) Extremal disturbance analysis for dynamical systems. Journal of the Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences and Engineering. 28(4).

Rudd, RW, Kerrigan, JR, Crandall, JR, Arregui-Dalmases, C. (2006) Kinematic Analysis of Head/Neck Motion in Pedestrian-Vehicle Collisions Using 6-Degree-of-Freedom Instrumentation Cubes. Paper 2006-01-0681, Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE).

Salzar, RS, Bass, CR, Kent, RW, Millington, S, Davis, M, Lucas, S, Rudd, RW, Folk, B, Donnellan, L, Murakami, D, Kobayashi, S. (2006) Development of injury criteria for pelvic fracture in frontal crashes. Traffic Injury Prevention, 7(3):299-305.

Seguí-Gomez, M, Lopez-Valdes, FJ, Arregui-Dalmases, C, Luzon, J. (2006) Epidemiology as a scientific tool to prevent road traffic related injuries (La epidemiología como herramienta de estudio para la prevencion de lesiones por accidente de trafico) Narro STA: Journal of the Automotive Technician Society (Spain) ISSN 1138-5006, Nº. 171.

Shafieian, M, Darvish, K, Crandall, J, Stone, J, Okonkwo, D. (2006) In Vivo and In Situ Material Properties of Brain Tissue. ASME - International Mechanical Engineering Conference (IMECE), 157378.

Shafieian, M, Darvish, KK, Crandall, JR, Stone, J, Okonkwo, D. (2006) In Vivo and In Situ Material Properties of Brain Tissue. Proceedings of the ASME Summer Bioengineering Conference.

Sherwood, CP, Abdelilah, Y, Crandall, JR. (2006) Quantifying the Relationship Between Vehicle Interior Geometry and Child Restraint Systems. Annual Proceedings/Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine, 50: 381-396.

Sherwood, CP, Kent, RW, Crandall, JR. (2006) Booster Seats and the Transition from Child Restraints to Adult Seat Belts. Topics in Emergency Medicine, 28(1): 21-29.

Shin, J, Lee, SH, Kerrigan, JR, Darvish KK, Crandall, JR, Akiyama A, Takahashi Y, Okamoto M, Kikuchi, Y. (2006) Development and Validation of a Finite Element Model for the Polar-II Upper Body. Paper 2006-01-0684, Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE).

Sochor, MR, Faust, DP, Anderson, KF, Barnes, S, Ridella, SA. (2006) Assessment of 3 and 6-Year-Old Neck Injury Criteria Based On Field Investigation, Modeling, and Sled Testing. SAE World Congress & Exhibition. Paper 2006-01-0253, Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE).

Stacey, S, Kent, RW. (2006) Investigation of an alleged mechanism of finger injury in an automobile crash. International Journal of Legal Medicine, 120(4): 246-251.

Subit, D, Bose, D, Ivarsson, BJ, Untaroiu, CD, Crandall, JR. (2006) Analytical and Computational Methods to Evaluate the Effect of Bone Geometry in Tibial Loading Response. Proceedings of the 5th World Congress of Biomechanics, Munich, Germany, abstract in J. Biomech. 39(1): S543.

Subit, D, Ivarsson, BJ, Kikuchi, Y, Takahashi, Y, Crandall, JR. (2006) The influence of pelvis design on the lateral pelvic impact response of the Polar-II pedestrian dummy. Paper 2006-01-0682, Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE).

Tang, J, Millington, SA, Acton, S, Crandall, JR, Hurwitz, S. (2006) Surface Extraction and Thickness Measurement of the Articular Cartilage from MR Images using Direction Gradient Vector Flow Snakes. IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, 53(5): 896-907.

Untaroiu, CD, Crandall, JR. (2006) Parameter Identification and Sensitivity Analysis of Cortical Bone Material Models using Finite Element Optimization Techniques. ASME - International Mechanical Engineering Conference (IMECE), 157615.

Untaroiu, CD, Crandall, JR. (2006) Parameter Identification and Sensitivity Analysis of Cortical Bone Material Models using Finite Element Optimization Techniques. ASME Summer Bioengineering Conference, Amelia Island, FL.

Untaroiu, CD, Kam, CY, Crandall, JR. (2006) Experimental and Finite Element Evaluation of Bending Loadings in a Lower Limb Bone using Strain Data. Proceedings of the 5th World Congress of Biomechanics, Munich, Germany, abstract in J. Biomech. 39(1): S161.

Untaroiu, CD, Kerrigan, JR, Crandall, JR. (2006) Material Identification using Successive Response Surface Methodology, with Application to a Human Femur subjected to Three-Point Bending Loading. SAE Transactions: Journal of Passenger Cars-Mechanical System, 115(6): 26-35. Based on SAE Paper 2006-01-0063.

Untaroiu, CD, Shin, J, Crandall, JR, Crino, S. (2006) Development and validation of a headform impactor finite element model with application to vehicle hood design for pedestrian protection. 9th International LS-DYNA Users Conference.

van Dommelen, J, Minary Jolandan, M, Ivarsson, BJ, Millington, SA, Raut, M, Kerrigan, JR, Crandall, JR, Diduch, D. (2006) Nonlinear viscoelastic behavior of human knee ligaments subjected to complex loading histories. Annals of Biomedical Engineering, 34(6): 1008-1018.

Wang, S, Poster, C, Brede, C, Lange, A, Lange, D, Kent, RW. (2006) Human body tolerance to high energy impacts: Influence of occupant torso tissue composition on real world crash injuries. 5th World Congress of Biomechanics, Munich, Germany, abstract in J. Biomech. 39(1): S157.

Abdelilah, Y, Sherwood, CP, Marshall, R, Crandall, JR. (2005) Response of the Hybrid III 3 year old Dummy in FFCRS and RFCRS in Simulated Frontal Impacts. Proceedings of the 1st Injury Biomechanics Symposium at the Ohio State University.

Abdelilah, Y, Sherwood, CP, Marshall, R, Gopalan, S, Crandall, JR. (2005) The Effects of Head Padding in Rear Facing Child Restraints. Paper 2005-01-1839, Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE).

Ali, T, Kent, RW, Murakami, D, Kobayashi, S. (2005) Tracking Rib Deformation Under Anterior Loads Using Computed Tomography Imaging. SAE Transactions: Journal of Passenger Cars-Mechanical Systems, 114(6): 111-125. Based on SAE Paper 2005-01-0299.

Ali, T, Kent, RW. (2005) An analytical study of the material and geometric changes in the rib cage of an aging human. Poster presented at the 2005 Injury Biomechanics Symposium, The Ohio State University, May 2005.

Arbogast, KB, Marigowda, S, Higuchi, K, Tanji, H, Kent, RW, Stacey, S, Mattice, JM, Rouhana, S. (2005) An Experimental and Epidemiological Evaluation of Abdominal Injuries in Children. Paper 20055409, JSAE Annual Congress, Yokohama, Japan.

Arbogast, KB, Mong, A, Marigowda, S, Kent, RW, Stacey, S, Mattice, JM, Tanji, H, Higuchi, K, Rouhana, S. (2005) Evaluating Pediatric Abdominal Injuries. Paper 05-0046, Proceedings of the 19th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV).

Arnoux, PJ, Subit, D, Masson, C, Chabrand, P, Brunet, C. (2005) Knee ligaments mechanics: from experiments to finite elements simulation. Revue Européenne des Eléments Finis, 14(4-5): 577-600.

Balandin, DV, Bolotnik, NN, Pilkey, WD. (2005) Pre-acting control for shock and impact isolation systems. Shock and Vibration, 12: 49-65

Bass, CR, Davis, M, Rafaels, KA, Rountree, M, Harris, RM, Sanderson, E, Andrefsky, W, DiMarco, G, Zielinski, M. (2005) A Methodology for Assessing Blast Protection in Explosive Ordnance Disposal Bomb Suits. International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics, 11(4): 347-361.

Bass, CR, Donnellan, L, Salzar, RS, Lucas, SR, Folk, B, Davis, M, Rafaels, KA, Planchak, C, Meyerhoff, K, Ziemba, A, Alem, N, Crowley, J. (2005) A New Neck Injury Criterion for Rotary Wing Aviators in Vertical/Frontal Crashes with Head Mounted Mass, Aerospace Medical Association Conference. Kansas City, MO.

Bass, CR, Salzar, RS, Ziemba, A, Lucas, SR, Peterson, R, Price, B, Labreque, J. (2005) Evaluation of Injury Criteria for High Speed Planing Craft. SAVAIC Conference. New Orleans, LA.

Bass, CR, Salzar, RS, Ziemba, A, Lucas, SR, Peterson, R, Price, B, Labreque, J. (2005) Injury Specification Strategy for Occupants in High-Speed Planing Craft. SAVIAC Conference. New Orleans, LA.

Bass, CR, Salzar, RS, Ziemba, A, Lucas, SR, Peterson, R. (2005) The modeling and measurement of humans in high speed planing boats under repeated vertical impacts. IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact.

Bhalla, KS, Takahashi, Y, Shin, J, Kam, CY, Murphy, DB, Drinkwater, DC, Crandall, JR. (2005) Experimental Investigation of the Response of the Human Lower Limb to the Pedestrian Impact Loading Environment. SAE Transactions: Journal of Passenger Cars, 114: 459-472. Based on SAE Paper 2005-01-1877.

Chawla, A, Mukherjee, S, Mohan, D, Bose, D, Rawat, P, Nakatani, T, Sakurai, M. (2005) Fe Simulations of Motorcycle-Car Frontal Crashes, Validations and Observations. International Journal of Crashworthiness, 10(4): 319-326.

Cheng ZQ, Rizer AL, Pellettiere JA, Pilkey, WD. (2005) Limiting Performance Analysis of Biomechanical Systems for Optimal Injury Control - Part 1: applications. International Journal of Crashworthiness, 10(6): 579-587.

Cheng, ZQ, Pilkey, WD, Pellettiere, JA, Rizer, AL. (2005) Limiting Performance Analysis of Biomechanical Systems for Optimal Injury Control - Part 1: Theory and Methodology. International Journal of Crashworthiness, 10(6): 567-577.

Crandall, JR, Akiyama, A, Longhitano, D, Wiley, K. (2005) Development of Performance Specifications for a Pedestrian Research Dummy. Paper 05-0389, Proceedings of the 19th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV).

Duprey, S, Bruyere, K, Verriest, JP. (2005) Numerical simulation of shoulder response to a lateral impact with the HUMOS model - Preliminary results. IUTAM Symposium on Impact Biomechanics, Dublin, Ireland.

Forman, JL, Kent, RW, Ali, T, Crandall, JR, Bostrom, O, Haland, Y. (2005) Biomechanical Considerations for the Optimization of an Advanced Restraint System: Assessing the Benefit of a Second Shoulder Belt. IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact.

Forman, JL, Kent, RW, Bolton, JR, Evans, J. (2005) A Method for the Experimental Investigation of Acceleration as a Mechanism of Aortic Injury. SAE Transactions: Journal of Passenger Cars-Mechanical Systems, 114(6): 98-110. Based on SAE Paper 2005-01-0295.

Forman, JL, Kent, RW, Bostrom, O. (2005) Investigating the force-deflection response of the human thorax under differentially force-limited 3+2 restraint loading. Poster presented at the Proceedings of the 1st Injury Biomechanics Symposium at the Ohio State University.

Ivarsson, BJ, Kerrigan, JR, Lessley, DJ, Drinkwater, DC, Kam, CY, Murphy, DB, Crandall, JR, Kent, RW. (2005) Dynamic Response Corridors of the Human Thigh and Leg in Non-Midpoint Three-Point Bending. SAE Transactions: Journal of Passenger Cars-Mechanical Systems, 114(6): 193-204. Based on SAE Paper 2005-01-0305.

Ivarsson, BJ, Longhitano, D, Henary, BY, Crandall, JR. (2005) Significance of adult pedestrian torso injury. Annual Proceedings/Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine, 49: 263-277.

Johansson, JL, Sherrill, DM, Riley, PO, Bonato, P, Herr, H. (2005) A clinical comparison of variable-damping and mechanically passive prosthetic knee devices. American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 84(8): 563-575.

Kam, CY, Kerrigan, JR, Meissner, MU, Drinkwater, DC, Murphy, DB, Bolton, JR, Arregui-Dalmases, C, Kendall, R, Ivarsson, BJ, Crandall, JR, Deng, B, Wang, JT, Kerkeling, C, Hahn, W. (2005) Design of a full-scale impact system for analysis of vehicle pedestrian collisions. SAE Transactions: Journal of Passenger Cars-Mechanical Systems, 114(6): 2268-2282. Based on SAE Paper 2005-01-1875.

Kent, RW, Henary, BY, Matsuoka, F. (2005) On the Fatal Crash Experience of Older Drivers. Annual Proceedings/Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine, 49: 371-391.

Kent, RW, Lee, SH, Darvish, KK, Wang, S, Poster, C, Lange, A, Brede, C, Lange, D, Matsuoka, F. (2005) Structural and material changes in the aging thorax and their role in reduced thoracic injury tolerance. Stapp Car Crash Journal 49:231-249.

Kent, RW, Murakami, D, Kobayashi, S. (2005) Frontal Thoracic Response to Dynamic Loading: the Role of Superficial Tissues, Viscera, and the Rib Cage. IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact.

Kent, RW, Parenteau, C. (eds.) (2005) Biomechanics 2005, SP-1929, Society of Automotive Engineers, Warrendale, PA.

Kent, RW, Patrie, J. (2005) Chest Deflection Tolerance to Blunt Anterior Loading Is Sensitive to Age But Not to Load Distribution. Forensic Science International, 149(2/3): 121-128.

Kent, RW, Viano, D, Crandall, JR. (2005) The Field Performance of Frontal Air Bags: A Review of the Literature. Traffic Injury Prevention, 6(1): 1-23.

Kent, RW, Woods, WA, Stacey, S, Mattice JM. (2005) Age correlation of the Yorkshire pig (sus scrofa domestica) to the human child. Poster presented at the Pediatric Research Symposium, School of Medicine, University of Virginia, May 2005.

Kerrigan, DC, Johansson, JL, Bryant, MG, Boxer, JA, Della Croce, U, Riley, PO. (2005) Moderate-heeled shoes and knee joint torques relevant to the development and progression of knee osteoarthritis. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 86(5): 871-875.

Kerrigan, JR, Drinkwater, DC, Murphy, DB, Kam, CY, Crandall, JR. (2005) Comparison of Full Scale Pedestrian Impact Tests with PMHS and a Pedestrian Dummy. Proceedings of the 1st Injury Biomechanics Symposium at the Ohio State University.

Kerrigan, JR, Kam, CY, Drinkwater, DC, Murphy, DB, Bose, D, Ivarsson, BJ, Crandall, JR. (2005) Kinematic comparison of the Polar-II and PMHS in pedestrian impact tests with a sport-utility vehicle. IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact.

Kerrigan, JR, Murphy, DB, Drinkwater, DC, Kam, CY, Bose, D, Crandall, JR. (2005) Kinematic Corridors for PMHS Tested in Full-Scale Pedestrian Impact Tests. Paper 05-0394, Proceedings of the 19th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV).

Kim, JE, Kim, YH, Soni, B, Li, Z, Eberhardt, AW. (2005) Evaluation of Brain Injury Using Multi-body and Finite Element Models. Paper T1-I-57-0968, 17th IMACS World Congress: Scientific Computation, Applied Mathematics and Simulation, Paris, France, July 11 -15.

Lau, AG, Lai, E. (2005) Foot Operated Camera System for Child with Cerebral Palsy (Poster) Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America (RESNA): Student Design Competition. Atlanta, GA.

Lau, AG, Yuan, YY, Kostenuik, PJ, Morony, S, Adamu, S, Asuncion, FJ, Bateman, TA. (2005) RANKL Has Detrimental Effects on Cortical and Trabecular Bone Volume, Mineralization, and Bone Strength in Mice (Poster) Bone Loss in Spaceflight Conference (NSBRI) Cleveland, Ohio.

Lee, LW, Zavarei, K, Evans, J, Lelas, JJ, Riley, PO, Kerrigan, DC. (2005) Reduced hip extension in the elderly: Dynamic or postural? Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 86(9): 1851-1854.

Lee, SH, Darvish, KK, Lobovsky, L. (2005) Modeling of the Material Properties and Fluid-Structure Interaction in the Traumatic Rupture of Aorta. Paper 05-390, Proceedings of the 19th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV).

Longhitano, D, Burke, C, Bean, J, Watts, D, Fakhry, S, Meissner, MU, Ivarsson, BJ, Sherwood, CP, Crandall, JR, Takahashi, Y, Kadotani, Y, Hitchcock, R, Kinoshita, Y. (2005) Application of the CIREN Methodology to the Study of Pedestrian Crash Injuries. Paper 05-0404, Proceedings of the 19th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV).

Longhitano, D, Henary, BY, Bhalla, KS, Ivarsson, BJ, Crandall, JR. (2005) Influence of Vehicle Body Type on Pedestrian Injury Distribution. SAE Transactions: Journal of Passenger Cars-Mechanical Systems, 114(6): 2283-2288. Based on SAE Paper 2005-01-1876.

Longhitano, D, Ivarsson, BJ, Henary, BY, Crandall, JR. (2005) Torso Injury Trends for Pedestrians Struck by Cars and LTV's. Paper 05-0411, Proceedings of the 19th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV).

Lopez-Valdes, FJ, Garcia D, Pedrero D, Moreno JL. (2005) Accidents of Motorcyclists Against Roadside Infrastructure. IUTAM Symposium on Impact Biomechanics: from Fundamental Insights to Applications.

Lucas, SR, Bass, CR, Salzar, RS, Folk, J, Donnellan, L, Paskoff, G, Shender, B. (2005) Material Properties and Failure Characteristics of Cervical Spinal Ligaments under High-Rate Loading. Aerospace Medical Association Conference. Kansas City, MO.

Lucas, SR, Bass, CR, Salzar, RS, Planchak, C, Ziemba, A, Shender, B, Paskoff, G. (2005) Failure Properties of Cervical Spinal Ligaments under High-Rate Loading. American Society of Biomechanics / International Society of Biomechanics Conference. Cleveland, OH.

Millington, SA, Grabner, M, Hurwitz, SR, Crandall, JR. (2005) Quantitation of Ankle Joint Surface Topography and Cartilage Thickness Mapping using a High Resolution Stereophotogrammetric Technique. Transactions of the 51st Meeting of the Orthopedic Research Society, Washington, DC.

Millington, SA, Tang, J, Hurwitz, SR, Crandall, JR, Acton ST. (2005) Quantitative MRI Study of Human Ankle Articular Cartilage: A Comparison of an Isotropic and Non Isotropic Technique. Transactions of the 51st Meeting of the Orthopedic Research Society, Washington, DC.

Minary Jolandan, M, van Dommelen, J, Ivarsson, BJ, Darvish, KK, Crandall, JR. (2005) The influence of age on the tensile properties of the porcine collateral knee ligaments. Proceedings of the ASME Summer Bioengineering Conference.

Munoz, D, Mansilla, A, Lopez-Valdes, FJ, Martin, R. (2005) A study of current neck injury criteria used for whiplash analysis: proposal of a new criterion involving upper and lower neck load cells. Paper 05-0313, Proceedings of the 19th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV).

Oyen, M, Murakami, D, Kent, RW. (2005) Mechanical characterization of costal cartilage. International Workshop on Human Subjects for Biomechanical Research, 33, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, US DOT.

Panzer, MB (2005) Prediction of Head and Neck Injury During Automotive Crash. 2005 Automotive Crashworthiness and Safety Workshop. Waterloo, ON.

Panzer, MB, Cronin, DS. (2005) Validation of a Finite Element Cervical Spine Motion Segment in the Sagittal Plane. 2005 Canadian Biomaterials Society Annual Meeting. Waterloo, ON

Rath, A, Manoogian, S, Duma, SM, Bolton, B, Crandall, JR. (2005) An Evaluation of a Fiber Optic Based Sensor for Measuring Chest and Abdominal Deflection. SAE Transactions: Journal of Passenger Cars-Mechanical Systems, 114(6): Based on SAE Paper 2005-01-0745.

Shaw, CG, Lessley, DJ, Bolton, JR, Crandall, JR, Belford, L, Hunter, J. (2005) Sled Test Trials of 3-D Point Tracking System. International Workshop on Human Subjects for Biomechanical Research, 33, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, US DOT.

Shaw, CG, Lessley, DJ, Crandall, JR, Kent, RW, Kitis, L. (2005) Elimination of Thoracic Muscle Tensing Effects for Frontal Crash Dummies. SAE Transactions: Journal of Passenger Cars-Mechanical Systems, 114(6): 205-219. Based on SAE Paper 2005-01-0307.

Shaw, CG, Lessley, DJ, Kent, RW, Crandall, JR. (2005) Dummy Torso Response to Anterior Quasi-Static Loading. Paper 05-0371, Proceedings of the 19th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV).

Sherwood, CP, Abdelilah, Y, Crandall, JR. (2005) The Effect of Swedish Tethers on the Performance of Rear Facing Child Restraints in Frontal Crashes. Paper 05-0346, Proceedings of the 19th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV).

Sherwood, CP, Crandall, JR, Stevens, S, Saggese, J, Eichelberger, M. (2005) Sled Tests and CIREN data illustrating the benefits of booster seats. International. Journal of Crashworthiness. 10(4): 351-357.

Sherwood, CP, Gopalan, S, Abdelilah, Y, Marshall, R, Crandall, JR. (2005) Vehicle Interior Interactions and Kinematics of Rear Facing Child Restraints in Frontal Crashes. Annual Proceedings/Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine, 49: 215-228.

Sochor, MR, Rupp, J. (2005) Emergency department patients and crash test dummies. Annals of Emergency Medicine, 49: 169-171.

Sochor, MR, Rupp, J. (2005) National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) notes Knee-thigh-hip injuries in frontal crashes. Annals of Emergency Medicine, 46(2): 168-169.

Stacey, S, Mattice, JM, Kindig, MW, Forman, JL, Woods, WA, Evans, J, Kent, RW. (2005) Response of the pediatric abdomen to seatbelt loading using a porcine model. International Workshop on Human Subjects for Biomechanical Research, 33, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, US DOT.

Takahashi, Y, Kikuchi, Y, Okamoto, M, Akiyama, A, Ivarsson, BJ, Bose, D, Subit, D, Shin, J, Crandall, JR. (2005) Biofidelity Evaluation for the Knee and Leg of the Polar Pedestrian Dummy. Paper 05-0280, Proceedings of the 19th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV).

Untaroiu, CD, Allaire, P. (2005) Generalized influence coefficient method for rotor balancing using linear matrix inequality techniques. IMECE2005-81598, Design Engineering Division (Publication) DE, v 118 B(2) Proceedings of the ASME Design Engineering Division 2005, p: 1073-1078.

Untaroiu, CD, Darvish, KK, Crandall, JR, Deng, B, Wang, JT. (2005) A Finite Element Model of the Lower Limb for Simulating Pedestrian Impacts. Stapp Car Crash Journal, 49: 157-181.

Untaroiu, CD, Darvish, KK, Crandall, JR, Deng, B, Wang, JT. (2005) Characterization of the Lower Limb Soft Tissues in Pedestrian Finite Element Models. Paper 05-0250, Proceedings of the 19th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV).

Untaroiu, CD, Darvish, KK, Crandall, JR, Deng, B, Wang, JT. (2005) Identification of Viscoelastic Properties of Human Medial Collateral Ligament using Finite Element Optimization. 20th Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics.

Untaroiu, CD, Darvish, KK, Crandall, JR, Deng, B, Wang, JT. (2005) Validation of a Finite Element Model of the Human Lower Limb in Dynamic Lateral Bending. ASME Summer Bioengineering Conference.

Untaroiu, CD, Darvish, KK, Lee, SH, Shin, J, Crandall, JR, Deng, B, Wang, JT. (2005) Validation of the Material Properties of Human Lower Limb Muscle and Fat in Lateral Impact Tests. ASME Summer Bioengineering Conference.

van Dommelen, J, Ivarsson, BJ, Minary Jolandan, M, Millington, SA, Raut, M, Kerrigan, JR, Crandall, JR, Diduch, D. (2005) Characterization of the Rate-Dependent Mechanical Properties and Failure of Human Knee Ligaments. SAE Transactions: Journal of Passenger Cars-Mechanical Systems, 114(6): 80-90. Based on SAE Paper 2005-01-0293.

van Dommelen, J, Minary Jolandan, M, Ivarsson, BJ, Millington, SA, Raut, M, Kerrigan, JR, Crandall, JR, Diduch, D. (2005) Pedestrian Injuries: viscoelastic properties of human knee ligaments at high loading rates. Traffic Injury Prevention, 6: 278-287.

Ali, T, Forman, JL, Mattice, JM, Kent, RW. (2004) Studying 3-D deformation of the thorax under load using computed tomography imaging. Proceedings of the 8th International Symposium on the 3-D Analysis of Human Movement, Tampa, Florida.

Balandin, DV, Bolotnik, NN, Pilkey, WD. (2005) Capabilities of helmets for preventing head injuries induced by ballistic impacts. Shock and Vibration, 11: 547-562.

Bass, CR, Davis, M, Rountree, S, Harris, RM, Sanderson, E, Andrefsky, W, DiMarco, G, Zielinski, M. (2004) A Test Methodology for Assessing Explosive Ordnance Disposal Suits for the Advanced Bomb Program. Personal Armour Systems Symposium (PASS).

Bass, CR, Folk, B, Salzar, RS, Davis, M, Donnellan, L, Harris, R, Rountree, M, Gardner, M, Harcke, T, Rouse, E, Oliver, W, Sanderson, E, Waclawik, S, Holthe, M, Hauck, B. (2004) Development of a Test Methodology To Evaluate Mine Protective Footwear. Personal Armor Systems Symposium (PASS) The Hague, NL.

Bass, CR, Kent, RW, Salzar, RS, Millington, SA, Davis, M, Folk, B, Lucas, SR, Donnellan, L, Murakami, D, Kobayashi, S. (2004) Development of Injury Criteria for Pelvic Fracture in Frontal Crashes. IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact.

Bose, D, Bhalla, KS, van Rooij, L, Millington, SA, Studley, A, Crandall, JR. (2004) Response of the Knee Joint to the Pedestrian Impact Loading Environment. Paper 2004-01-1608, Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE).

Chawla, A, Mukherjee, S, Mohan, D, Bose, D, Rawat, P, Nakatani, T, Sakurai, M. (2004) FE Simulations of Motorcycle-Car Frontal Crashes, Validations and Observations (Updated version of Chawla et al. 2003, ESV) JARI Research Journal, 10: 37-43.

Cheng, ZQ, Crandall, JR, Darvish, KK, Pilkey, WD. (2004) Limiting performance analysis of toepan padding for mitigating lower limb injuries. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part D-Journal of Automobile Engineering, 218(D): 619-628.

Clancy, EA, Cairns, KD, Riley, PO, Meister, M, Kerrigan, DC. (2004) Effects of treadmill walking speed on lateral gastrocnemius muscle firing. American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 83(7): 507-514.

Darvish, KK, Lobovsky, L, Lee, SH. (2004) Analysis and Modeling of Aortic Tissue Material Properties. Paper IMECE 2004-61784, ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and RD&D Congress.

Darvish, KK, Stone, J. (2004) Changes in Viscoelastic Properties of Brain Tissue Due to Traumatic Injury. Paper IMECE2004-60849, ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and RD&D Congress.

Duma, SM, Hansen, G, Kennedy, E, Rath, A, McNallly, C, Kemper, A, Smith, E, Brolinson, G, Stitzel, J, Davis, M, Bass, CR, Brozoski, F, McEntire, J, Alem, N, Crowley, J. (2004) Upper Extremity Interaction with a Helicopter Side: Injury Criteria for Dynamic Hyperextension of the Female Elbow Joint. Stapp Car Crash Journal, 48: 155-176.

Funk, JR, Crandall, JR. (2004) Calculation of Long Bone Loading Using Strain Gauges. International Workshop on Human Subjects for Biomechanical Research, 32, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, US DOT.

Funk, JR, Kerrigan, JR, Crandall, JR. (2004) Dynamic Bending Tolerance and elastic-plastic material properties of the human femur. Annual Proceedings/Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine, 48: 212-233.

Funk, JR, Rudd, RW, Kerrigan, JR, Crandall, JR. (2004) The Effect of Tibial Curvature and Fibular Loading on the Tibia Index. Traffic Injury Prevention, 5(2): 164-172.

Hayda, R, Harris, RM, Bass, CR. (2004) Blast Injury Research: Modeling Injury Effects of Landmines, Bullets, and Bombs. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, 422: 97-108.

Ivarsson, BJ, Crandall, JR, Longhitano, D, Okamoto, M. (2004) Lateral injury criteria for the 6-year-old pedestrian - Part I. Criteria for the head, neck, thorax, abdomen and pelvis. Paper 2004-01-0323, Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE).

Ivarsson, BJ, Crandall, JR, Longhitano, D, Okamoto, M. (2004) Lateral injury criteria for the 6-year-old pedestrian - Part II. Criteria for the upper and lower extremities. Paper 2004-01-1755, Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE).

Ivarsson, BJ, Lessley, DJ, Kerrigan, JR, Bhalla, KS, Bose, D, Crandall, JR, Kent, RW. (2004) Dynamic Response Corridors and Injury Thresholds of the Pedestrian Lower Extremities. IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact.

Kent, RW, Bass, CR, Woods, WA, Salzar, RS, Melvin, J. (2004) The Role of Muscle Tensing on the Force Deflection Response of the Thorax and a Reassessment of Frontal Impact Thoracic Biofidelity Corridors. IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact.

Kent, RW, Funk, JR. (2004) Data Censoring and Parametric Distribution Assignment in the Development of Injury Risk Functions from Biomechanical. Paper 2004-01-0317, Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE).

Kent, RW, Lessley, DJ, Sherwood, C. (2004) Thoracic response to Dynamic, Non-Impact Loading from a Hub, Distributed Belt, Diagonal Belt, and Double Diagonal Belts. Stapp Car Crash Journal, 48: 495-519.

Kent, RW, Parenteau, C. (eds.) (2004) Biomechanics, SP-1872, Society of Automotive Engineers, Warrendale, PA.

Kerrigan, JR, Drinkwater, DC, Kam, CY, Murphy, DB, Ivarsson, BJ, Crandall, JR. (2004) Tolerance of the Human Leg and Thigh in Dynamic Lateral-Medial 3-Point Bending. International Journal of Crashworthiness, 9(6): 607-623.

Kerrigan, JR, Drinkwater, DC, Kam, CY, Murphy, DB, Ivarsson, BJ, Crandall, JR. (2004) Tolerance of the Human Leg and Thigh in Dynamic Lateral-Medial 3-Point Bending. Paper 2004-49, Proceedings of the International Crashworthiness Conference, San Francisco.

Kerrigan, JR, Kam, CY, Drinkwater, DC, Murphy, DB, Arregui-Dalmases, C, Millington, SA, Teresinski, G, Bolton, JR, Crandall, JR, Deng, B, Wang, JT, Kerkeling, C, Hahn, W. (2004) Full Scale Pedestrian Impact Testing with PMHS: a pilot study. International Workshop on Human Subjects for Biomechanical Research, 32, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, US DOT.

Lee, SH, Darvish, KK, Lobovsky, L. (2004) Fluid-Structure Interaction in Finite Element Modeling of Traumatic Aortic Rupture. Paper IMECE2004-61790, ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and RD&D Congress.

Lee, SH, Kent, RW, Darvish, KK. (2004) Finite element modeling of the aging human thorax: Consideration of material changes and restraint system interaction. Proc. AmeriPam Conference, November.

Lessley, DJ, Crandall, JR, Shaw, CG, Kent, RW, Funk, JR. (2004) A normalization technique for developing corridors from individual subject responses. Paper 2004-01-0288, Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE).

Lopez-Valdes, FJ, Garcia, D, Pedrero, D, Moreno, JL. (2005) Accidents of Motorcyclists against Roadside Infrastructure. Solid Mechanics and Its Applications, 124: 163-172.

Lopez-Valdes, FJ, Montoya, F, Herraez, M. (2004) Dynamic Behavior of the Human Middle Ear. Francisco Lopez, Felipe Montoya, Marta Herraez. Proceedings from the 16th Mechanical Engineering National Congress (Spain).

Lucas, SR, Bass, CR, Salzar, RS, Folk, J, Donnellan, L, Paskoff, G, Shender, B. (2004) Viscoelastic Characterization of Cervical Spinal Ligaments. American Society of Biomechanics Conference. Portland, OR.

Lucas, SR, Bass, CR, Salzar, RS, Folk, JB, Donnellan, LE, Paskoff, G, Shender, BS. (2004) Viscoelastic Characterization of Cervical Spinal Ligament. Poster presented at the Injury Biomechanics Symposium, The Ohio State University.

Madeley, NJ, Srinivasan, CM, Crandall, JR, Hurwitz, S, Funk JR. (2004) Retrospective analysis of malleolar fractures in an impact environment. Annual Proceedings/Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine, 48: 235-248.

Mattice, JM, Kent, RW, Raut, M. (2004) Age-Dependent Material Characterization of Porcine Abdominal Organs. International Workshop on Human Subjects for Biomechanical Research, 32, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, US DOT.

Meissner, MU, van Rooij, L, Bhalla, KS, Crandall, JR, Longhitano, D, Takahashi, Y, Dokko, Y, Kikuchi, Y. (2004) A Multi-Body Computational Study of the Kinematic and Injury Response of a Pedestrian with Variable Stance upon Impact with a Vehicle. Paper 2004-01-1607, Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE).

Miller, T, Zaloshnja, E, Lawrence, B, Crandall, JR, Ivarsson, BJ, Finkelstein, A, Corso, S. (2004) Pedestrian and Pedalcyclist Injury Costs in the United States by Age and Injury Severity. Annual Proceedings/Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine, 48: 265-284.

Millington, SA, Darvish, KK, Ivarsson, BJ, McWey, R, Anderson, DG. (2004) Biomechanics & Modelling of Multilevel Cervical Spine Corpectomy Constructs under Axial and Torsional Loading. Poster presented at the 5th combined meeting of the Canadian, USA, Japanese and European Orthopedic Research Societies, Banff, Canada.

Millington, SA, Grabner, M, Hurwitz, S, Crandall, JR. (2004) Cartilage thickness mapping and surface topography of the ankle joint using high resolution stereophotography. British Orthopaedic Foot Surgery Society (BOFSS) Annual Meeting, Cheshire, UK. (abstract in Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery, 87-B Supplement III)

Millington, SA, Tang, J, Acton, S, Hurwitz, S, Crandall, JR. (2004) A Stereophotographic Study of Ankle Cartilage Thickness: Distribution and Surface Topography. Osteoarthritis Research Society International 9th World Congress, Chicago.

Millington, SA, Tang, J, Hurwitz, S, Acton, S, Crandall, JR. (2004) Quantitative Measurement of Ankle Cartilage Using an Isotropic MRI Sequence and a Directional Gradient Vector Flow Snake. Osteoarthritis Research Society International 9th World Congress, Chicago.

Murakami, D, Kitagawa, Y, Kobayashi, S, Kent, RW, Crandall, JR. (2004) Development and Validation of a Finite Element Model of a Vehicle Occupant. Paper 2004-01-0325, Society of Automotive Engineers International Congress and Exposition, Detroit Michigan.

Pithioux, M, Subit, D, Chabrand, P. (2004) Behaviours up to failure of compact lower living tissues under quasi-static and dynamic loadings. Congress of the European Society of Biomechanics (ESB).

Pithioux, M, Subit, D, Chabrand, P. (2004) Comparison of compact bone failure under two different loading rates: experimental and modeling approaches. Medical Engineering and Physics, 26(8): 647-653.

Rafaels, KA, Kerrigan, JR, Langrana, N, Lin, D. (2004) Molecular modeling as a visualization tool in design of DNA crosslinked polyacrylamide. Proceedings of the ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Nov 13-19, Anaheim, California.

Roudsari, B, Mock, C, Kaufman, R, Grossman, D, Henary, BY, Crandall, JR. (2004) Pedestrian crashes: higher injury severity and mortality rate for light truck vehicles compared with passenger vehicles. Injury Prevention, 10(3): 154-158.

Rudd, RW, Crandall, JR, Millington, SA, Hurwitz, S, Hoglund, N. (2004) Injury Tolerance and Response of the Ankle Joint in Dynamic Dorsiflexion. Stapp Car Crash Journal, 48: 1-26.

Rudd, RW, Kitagawa, Y, Crandall, JR, Poteau, F. (2004) Evaluation of Energy-Absorbing Materials as a Means to Reduce Foot/Ankle Axial Load Injury Risk. Journal of Automobile Engineering. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, 218(D3): 279-293.

Sanghavi P, Bose D, Kerrigan J, Madeley NJ, Crandall, JR. (2004) Non-Contact Strain Measurement of Biological Tissue. Biomedical Sciences Instrumentation, 40: 51-56.

Shaw, CG, Lessley, DJ, Bolton, JR, Crandall, JR. (2004) Assessment of the THOR and Hybrid III Crash Dummies: Steering Wheel Rim Impacts to the Upper Abdomen. Paper 2004-01-0310, Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE).

Sherwood, CP, Abdelilah, Y, Crandall, JR, Stevens, S, Saggese, J, Eichelberger, M. (2004) The Performance of Various Rear Facing Child Restraint Systems in a Frontal Crash. Annual Proceedings/Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine, 48: 303-321.

Sherwood, CP, Crandall, JR, Stevens, S, Saggese, J, Eichelberger, M. (2004) Sled tests and CIREN data illustrating the benefits of booster seats. Proceedings of the International Crashworthiness Conference, San Francisco.

Subit, D, Chabrand, P, Masson, C, Brunet, C. (2004) Behaviour of human knee ligaments: tensile tests in flexion and extension. International Conference on Experimental Mechanics (ICEM).

Subit, D, Chabrand, P, Masson, C, Brunet, C. (2004) Modelling of the mechanical behaviour of the insertion of the ligament to bone in the knee joint. Congress of the European Society of Biomechanics (ESB).

Subit, D, Chabrand, P, Masson, C, Brunet, C. (2004) Un modele d’interface pour décrire le comportement mécanique de l’insertion ligamentaire des ligaments du genou humain, Congres de la Société de Biomécanique (French Society of Biomechanics).

Subit, D, Mazerolle, F, Masson, C. (2004) Tensile behaviour of human knee ligaments. Workshop ”Biomechanical experiment”, Excellence Network: Advanced Passive Safety Network (APSN).

Untaroiu, CD, Darvish, KK, Crandall, JR, Deng, B, Wang, JT. (2004) Development and Validation of a Finite Element Model of the Lower Limb. Paper 2004-61583, ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and RD&D Conference and Exposition, Transportation 2004: Transportation and Environment, p. 53-62.

van Rooij, L, Meissner, MU, Bhalla, KS, Crandall, JR, Longhitano, D, Takahashi, Y, Dokko, Y, Kikuchi, Y. (2004) A comparative evaluation of pedestrian kinematics and injury prediction for adults and children upon impact with a passenger car. Paper 2004-01-1606, Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE).

Balandin, DV, Bolotnik, NN, Pilkey, WD. (2003) Control science for injury prevention. Proceedings of the International Conference of Physics and Control.

Bass, CR, Boggess, B, Davis, M, Sanderson, E, Di Marco, G, Chichester, C. (2003) A Dummy-Based Methodology for Evaluating Demining Personal Protective Ensembles for AP Landmines, Specialist Conference on Human Factors in Medicine, Koblenz, Germany, May 2003.

Bass, CR, Lucas, SR, Salzar, RS, van Rooij, L, Pilkey, WD, Peterson, R, Martin, S. (2003) Human Biodynamic Response to High Speed Craft Shock Loading. SAVIAC Conference.

Bass, CR, Lucas, SR, Salzar, RS, van Rooij, L. (2003) Computational Modeling of High Speed Boat Occupants. MAAC Conference. Norfolk, VA.

Bass, CR, Salzar, RS, Davis, M, Lucas, SR, Donnellan, L, Folk, B, Sanderson, E, Waclawik, S. (2003) Injury Risk in Behind Armor Blunt Thoracic Trauma. Personal Armor Systems Symposium. The Hague, Netherlands.

Bhalla, KS, Bose, D, Madeley, NJ, Kerrigan, JR, Crandall, JR, Longhitano, D, Takahashi, Y. (2003) Evaluation of the response of mechanical pedestrian knee joint impactors to bending and shear loading. Paper 429, Proceedings of the 18th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV).

Bose, D, Kerrigan, JR, Ivarsson, BJ, Madeley, NJ, Millington, SA, Bhalla, KS, Crandall, JR. (2003) Non-Contact Area Measurement Techniques for Cross Sectional Properties of Soft Tissues. Paper IMECE2003-43488. 2003 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition.

Chawla, A, Mukherjee, S, Mohan, D, Bose, D, Singh, J, Sakurai, M, Nakatani T. (2003) Finite Element Simulation of Car-Motorcycle Frontal Crashes, Validation and Observation. Proceedings of the 18th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV).

Crandall, JR, Kent, RW, Viano, D, Bass, CR. (2003) The Biomechanics of Inflatable Restraints - Occupant Protection and Induced Injury, in Air Bag Development and Performance: New Perspectives from Industry, Government and Academia, R. Kent (ed.) PT-88, Society of Automotive Engineers, Warrendale, PA.

Darvish, KK, Lee, SH. (2003) Finite Element Model for Traumatic Aortic Injury. 2nd International Conference on Cardiovascular Medicine and Science, Bethesda, MD.

Darvish, KK. (2003) Material Properties of Aorta Determined from Dynamic Biaxial Tests, 2nd International Conference on Cardiovascular Medicine and Science, Bethesda, MD.

Duma, SM, Boggess, B, Bass, CR, Crandall, JR. (2003) Injury Risk Functions for the 5th Percentile Female Upper Extremity. SAE Transactions: Journal of Passenger Cars-Mechanical Systems, 112(6): 124-132. Based on SAE Paper 2003-01-0166.

Duma, SM, Boggess, B, Crandall, JR, Hurwitz, S, Seki, K, Aoki, T. (2003) Upper extremity interaction with a deploying side airbag: a characterization of elbow joint loading. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 35(3): 417-425.

Duma, SM, Boggess, B, Crandall, JR, MacMahon, C. (2003) Injury risk function for the small female wrist in axial loading. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 35(6): 869-75.

Duma, SM, Crandall, JR, Pilkey, WD, Seki, K, Aoki, T. (2003) Fifth percentile female dummy upper extremity interaction with a deploying side air bag. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part D-Journal of Automobile Engineering, 217(D2): 79-86.

Duma, SM, Crandall, JR, Rudd, RW, Kent, RW. (2003) Small female head and neck interaction with a deploying side air bag. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 35(5): 811-816.

Funk, JR, Rudd, RW, Kerrigan, JR, Crandall, JR. (2003) Analysis of Tibial Curvature, Fibular Loading, and the Tibia Index. IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact.

Funk, JR, Srinivasan, S, Crandall, JR. (2003) Snowboarder's talus fractures experimentally produced by eversion and dorsiflexion. American Journal of Sports Medicine. 31(6): 921-928.

Henary, BY, Crandall, JR, Bhalla, KS, Mock, C, Roudsari, B. (2003) Child and Adult Pedestrian Impacts: The Influence of Vehicle Type on Injury Severity. Annual Proceedings/Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine, 47: 105-126.

Ivarsson, BJ, Crandall, JR, Hall, GW, Pilkey, WD. (2003) Biomechanics. In The CRC Handbook of Mechanical Engineering, 2nd edition. Edited by Kreith, F. and Goswami, Y, CRC press, Boca Raton, FL.

Ivarsson, BJ, Viano, D, Lovsund, P, Parnaik, Y. (2003) Head Kinematics in Mini-Sled Tests of Foam Padding: Relevance of Linear Responses From Free Motion Headform (Fmh) Testing to Head Angular Responses. Journal of Biomechanical Engineering, 125(4): 523-532.

Kent, RW, Bass, CR, Woods, WA, Sherwood, CP, Madeley, NJ, Salzar, RS, Kitagawa, Y. (2003) Muscle tetanus and loading condition effects on the elastic and viscous characteristics of the thorax. Traffic Injury Prevention, 4(4): 297-314.

Kent, RW, Crandall, JR. (2003) International harmonization of side impact standards: vehicle design and thoracic injury criteria trends. International Journal of Vehicle Design, 31(1/2): 158-172.

Kent, RW, Funk, JR, Crandall, JR. (2003) How future trends in societal aging, airbag availability, belt use, and fleet composition will affect serious injury risk in the United States. Traffic Injury Prevention, 4(1): 24-32.

Kent, RW, Lessley, DJ, Shaw, CG, Crandall, JR. (2003) The utility of Hybrid III and THOR chest deflection for discriminating between standard and force-limiting belt systems. Stapp Car Crash Journal, 47: 267-297.

Kent, RW, Parenteau, C. (eds.) (2003) Biomechanics, SP-1784, Society of Automotive Engineers, Warrendale, PA.

Kent, RW, Patrie, J, Benson, N. (2003) The Hybrid III dummy as a discriminator of injurious and non-injurious restraint loading. Annual Proceedings/Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine, 47: 51-75.

Kent, RW, Patrie, J, Poteau, F, Matsuoka, F, Mullen, C. (2003) Development of an age-dependent thoracic injury criterion for frontal impact restraint loading. Paper 72, Proceedings of the 18th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV).

Kent, RW, Shaw, CG, Lessley, DJ, Crandall, JR, Kallieris, D, Svensson, M. (2003) Comparison of belted Hybrid III, THOR, and cadaver thoracic responses in oblique frontal and full frontal sled tests. SAE Transactions, 112(6): 71-84. Based on SAE Paper 2003-01-0160.

Kent, RW, Sherwood, CP, Lessley, DJ, Overby, B, Matsuoka, F. (2003) Age-related changes in the effective stiffness of the human thorax using four loading conditions. IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact.

Kent, RW, Viano, D, Crandall, JR. (2003) Field Performance of Frontal Air bags, in Air Bag Development and Performance: New Perspectives from Industry, Government and Academia. Edited by R. Kent, RW, Strother, C, Crandall, JR, Mellander, H, Griswold, C, SAE.

Kent, RW, Viano, D, Crandall, JR. (2003) The Field Performance of Frontal Air Bags in Air Bag Development and Performance: New Perspectives from Industry, Government and Academia, R. Kent (ed.) PT-88, Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE).

Kent, RW, Viano, D, Crandall, JR. (2003) The Field Performance of Frontal Air Bags in Air Bag Development and Performance: New Perspectives from Industry, Government and Academia, R. Kent (ed.) PT-88, Society of Automotive Engineers, Warrendale, PA.

Kent, RW. (ed.) (2003) Air Bag Development and Performance: New Perspectives from Industry, Government and Academia. PT-88, Society of Automotive Engineers, Warrendale, PA.

Kerrigan, DC, Karvosky, ME, Lelas, JL, Riley, PO. (2003) Men's shoes and knee joint torques relevant to the development and progression of knee osteoarthritis. Journal of Rheumatology, 30(3): 529-533.

Kerrigan, DC, Xenopoulos-Oddsson, A, Sullivan, MJ, Lelas, JJ, Riley, PO. (2003) Effect of a Hip Flexor-Stretching Program on Gait in the Elderly. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 84(1): 1-6.

Kerrigan, JR, Bhalla, KS, Madeley, NJ, Crandall, JR, Deng, B. (2003) Response Corridors for the Human Leg in 3-Point Lateral Bending. The 7th US National Congress on Computational Mechanics.

Kerrigan, JR, Bhalla, KS, Madeley, NJ, Funk, JR, Bose, D, Crandall, JR. (2003) Experiments for Establishing Pedestrian - Impact Lower Limb Injury Criteria. Paper 2003-01-0895, Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE).

Kerrigan, JR, Ivarsson, BJ, Bose, D, Madeley, NJ, Millington, SA, Bhalla, KS, Crandall, JR. (2003) Rate sensitive constitutive and failure properties of human knee collateral ligaments. IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact.

Knazik, SR, Gausche-Hill, M, Dietrich, AM, Gold, C, Johnson, RW, Mace, SE, Sochor, MR. (2003) The death of a child in the emergency department. Annals of Emergency Medicine, 42(4): 519-529.

Lelas, JL, Merriman, GJ, Riley, PO, Kerrigan, DC. (2003) Predicting peak kinematic and kinetic parameters from gait speed. Gait and Posture, 17(2): 106-112.

Lessley, DJ, Crandall, JR, Kent, RW, Shaw, CG. (2003) Normalization technique for developing corridors for individual subject force-deflection responses. International Workshop on Human Subjects for Biomechanical Research, 31, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, US DOT.

Li, G, Lin, Z, Untaroiu, CD, Allaire, PE. (2003) Balancing of High-Speed Rotating Machinery Using Convex Optimization. Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Decision and Control, 4: 4351-4356.

Okamoto, M, Takahashi, Y, Mori, F, Hitosugi, M, Madeley, NJ, Ivarsson, BJ, Crandall, JR. (2003) Development of Finite Element Model for Child Pedestrian Protection. Paper 151, Proceedings of the 18th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV).

Rudd, RW, Crandall, JR, Shaw, CG. (2003) Response of the Thor-Lx and Hybrid III Lower Extremities in Frontal Sled Tests. SAE Transactions: Journal of Passenger Cars, 112(6): 85-96. Based on SAE Paper 2003-01-0161.

Rudd, RW, Shaw, CG, Crandall, JR. (2003) Fifth Percentile Female Hybrid III and Thor-FLx Performance in Sled Tests with Toepan Intrusion. Paper 491, Proceedings of the 18th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV).

Shaw, CG, Gillispie, TL. (2003) Appropriate protection for wheelchair riders on public transit buses. Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development, 40(4): 309-320.

Shaw, CG. (2003) Appropriate crash protection for wheelchair riders on large public transitbuses. Proceedings of the Annual Rehabilitation Engineering Society of North America (RESNA) Conference.

Sherwood, CP, Crandall, JR, Ferguson, S. (2003) Factors Leading to Crash Fatalities to Children Placed in Child Restraints. Annual Proceedings/Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine, 47: 343-359.

Sherwood, CP, Shaw, CG, van Rooij, L, Kent, RW, Gupta, P, Crandall, JR, Orzechowski, K, Eichelberger, M, Kallieris, D. (2003) Prediction of cervical spine injury risk for the 6-year-old child in frontal crashes. Traffic Injury Prevention, 4(3): 206-213.

Subit, D, Pithioux, M, Chabrand, P. (2003) Comparaison des comportements a rupture des os sous sollicitations quasi-statiques et dynamique. Congres Francais de Mécanique.

Takhounts, E, Crandall, JR, Darvish, KK. (2003) On the Importance of Nonlinearity of Brain Tissue Under Large Deformations. Stapp Car Crash Journal, 47: 85-102.

Van Rooij L;Bhalla K;Meissner M;Ivarsson J;Crandall J;Longhitano D;Takahashi Y;Dokko Y;Kikuchi Y; (2003) Pedestrian Crash Reconstruction Using Multi-Body Modeling With Geometrically Detailed, Validated Vehicle Models and Advanced Pedestrian Injury Criteria. International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV), 18.

van Rooij, L, Meissner, MU, Bhalla, KS, Crandall, JR. (2003) The Evaluation of the Kinematics of the MADYMO Human Pedestrian Model Against Experimental Tests and the Influence of a More Biofidelic Knee Joint. TNO MADYMO 5th Users’ Meeting of the Americas.

van Rooij, L, Sherwood, CP, Crandall, JR, Orzechowski, K, Eichelberger, M. (2003) The Effects of Vehicle Seat Belt Parameters on the Injury Risk for Children in Booster Seats. SAE Transactions: Journal of Passenger Cars 113(6): 470-482. Based on SAE Paper 2003-01-0500.

van Rooij, L, Sherwood, CP, Crandall, JR. (2003) A Comparison of the Injury Risk for 12-Month-Old Children in Forward and Rearward Facing Seats and the Effect of a Front-row Seat. TNO MADYMO 5th Users’ Meeting of the Americas.

van Rooij, L, van Hoof, J, Crandall, JR, Bass, CR. (2003) The development, validation and application of a finite element upper extremity model subjected to air bag loading. Stapp Car Crash Journal, 47: 55-78.

Woods, WA, Sherwood, CP, Ivarsson, BJ, Crandall, JR, Orzechowski, K, Eichelberger, M. (2003) A Review of Pediatric Pedestrian Injuries at a Level I Trauma Center. Proceedings of the 18th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV).

Bass, CR, Duma, SM, Crandall, JR, George, S, Kuppa, S, Khaewpong, N, Sun, E, Eppinger, R. (2002) Comparison of upper extremity test devices for the evaluation of frontal air bags. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part D-Journal of Automobile Engineering, 216(D): 795-803.

Bass, CR, Rountree, S, Ling, G, Sanderson, E, Andrefsky, W, Chichester, C, Salzar, RS, Davis, M, Harris, R. (2002) Head and Thoracic Injury Risk in Humanitarian Deminers. UXO Conference, Orlando, FL, September.

Bass, CR, Salzar, RS, Lucas, SR, Donnellan, L, Folk, B, van Rooij, L, Pilkey, WD. (2002) Medical consensus working group on shock mitigation for high speed planing boat occupants. United States Special Warfare Command. San Diego, CA.

Bass, CR, van Rooij, L. (2002) Modeling Shock Mitigation in High Speed Planing Craft. 5th Annual Multiagency Craft Conference, Norfolk, Virginia.

Bass, CR. (2002) Behind armor blunt trauma. Proceedings of the 4th World Congress of Biomechanics, Calgary, Canada.

Bass, CR. (2002) Human Injury Criteria in Blast (Invited) Conference on Human Injury in Blast, Conference on Human Injury in Blast, Alexandria, VA, Aug, 2002.

Bhalla, KS, Montazemi, P, Crandall, JR, Yang, J, Liu, X, Dokko, Y, Takahashi, Y, Kikuchi, Y, Longhitano, D. (2002) Vehicle impact velocity prediction from pedestrian throw distance: Trade-offs between throw formulae, crash simulators, and detailed multi-body modeling. IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact.

Bose, D, Sanghavi, P, Kerrigan, JR, Madeley, NJ, Bhalla, KS, Crandall, JR. (2002) Material Characterization of Ligaments using Non-Contact Strain Measurement and Digitization. International Workshop on Human Subjects for Biomechanical Research, 30, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, US DOT.

Chandra, A, Compton, S, Sochor, MR, Puri, S, Zalenski, RJ. (2002) Untreated Hypercholesterolemia in an Emergency Department Chest Pain Observation Unit Population. Academic Emergency Medicine, 9(7): 699-702.

Choi, H, Lee, I, Darvish, KK, Crandall, JR, Haug, E. (2002) Hydrodynamic Simulation of Aortic Rupture. JSAE Annual Congress, Yokohama, Japan.

Copper, CD, Pilkey, WD. (2002) Thermoelasticity Solutions for Straight Beams. Journal of Applied Mechanics, 69(3): 224-229.

Crandall, JR, Bhalla, KS, Madeley, NJ. (2002) Designing road vehicles for pedestrian safety. British Medical Journal, 324: 1145-1148.

Darvish, KK, Crandall, JR. (2002) A Parametric Study on the Effect of the Peripheral Cerebrospinal Fluid on Finite Element Model of Brain Injury. Biomedical Engineering Recent Developments: Proceedings of the Twenty First Southern Biomedical Engineering Conference.

Darvish, KK, Crandall, JR. (2002) Influence of Brain Material Properties and Boundary Conditions on Brain Response during Dynamic Loading. IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact.

Darvish, KK, Overby, B, Crandall, JR. (2002) Dynamic Material Property Characterization of Human Aorta. in Biomedical Engineering Recent Developments, J. Vossoughi (ed.) Proceedings of the 21st Southern Biomedical Engineering Conference.

Darvish, KK, Stone, J, Crandall, JR. (2002) The Effect of Axonal Injury on the Material Properties of Brain Tissue. Proceedings of the 4th World Congress of Biomechanics, Calgary, Canada.

Duma, SM, Boggess, B, Crandall, JR, MacMahon, C. (2002) Fracture Tolerance of the Small Female Elbow Joint in Compression: The Effect of Load Angle Relative to the Long Axis of the Forearm. Stapp Car Crash Journal, 46: 195-210. Based on SAE Paper 2002-22-0010.

Duma, SM, Boggess, B, Crandall, JR, MacMahon, C. (2002) Injury risk function for the small female wrist. Proceedings of the 4th World Congress of Biomechanics, Calgary, Canada.

Duma, SM, Jernigan, V, Stitzel, J, Herring, I, Crowley, J, Brozoski, F, Bass, CR. (2002) The Effect of Frontal Air Bags on Eye Injury Patterns in Automobile Crashes. Archives of Ophthalmology, 120(11): 1517-1522.

Duma, SM, Schreiber, P, McMaster, J, Crandall, JR, Bass, CR. (2002) Fracture Tolerance of the Male Forearm: the effect of Pronation versus Supination. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part D-Journal of Automobile Engineering, 216(D): 649-654.

Duma, SM, Stitzel, J, Ryan, L, Crandall, JR. (2002) Determination of Bone Mineral Content in Cadaveric Test Specimens. Journal of the Southern Orthopedic Association, 11(2): 80-87.

Funk, JR, Crandall, JR, Tourret, L, MacMahon, C, Bass, CR, Khaewpong, K, Eppinger, R. (2002) The Axial Injury Tolerance of the Human Foot/Ankle Complex and the Effect of Achilles Tension. Journal of Biomechanical Engineering, 124: 750-757.

Funk, JR, Rudd, RW, Srinivasan, S, King, R, Crandall, JR, Petit, P. (2002) Methodology for Measuring Tibial and Fibular Loads in a Cadaver. SAE Transactions: Journal of Passenger Cars-Mechanical Systems, 111(6): 960-969. Based on SAE Paper 2002-01-0682.

Funk, JR, Srinivasan, S, Crandall, JR, Khaewpong, N, Eppinger, R, Jaffredo, A, Potier, P, Petit, P. (2002) The Effects of Axial Preload and Dorsiflexion on the Tolerance of the Ankle/Subtalar Joint to Dynamic Inversion and Eversion. Stapp Car Crash Journal, 46: 245-266. Based on SAE Paper 2002-22-0013.

Ivarsson, BJ, Viano, D, Lovsund, P. (2002) Influence of the lateral ventricles and irregular skull base on brain kinematics during sagittal plane head rotation. Journal of Biomechanical Engineering, 124(4): 422-431.

Kent, RW, Bass, CR, Woods, WA, Sherwood, CP, Madeley, NJ, Salzar, RS, Crandall, JR. (2002) The Use of a Postmortem Porcine Model to Study the Effect of Muscle Tetanus on Thoracic Force-Deflection Response. International Workshop on Human Subjects for Biomechanical Research, 30, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, US DOT.

Kent, RW, Crandall, JR, Patrie, J, Fertile, J. (2002) Radiographic Detection of Rib Fractures: A Restraint-Based Study of Occupants in Car Crashes. Traffic Injury Prevention, 3(1): 49-57.

Kent, RW, Crandall, JR, Rudd, RW, Lessley, DJ. (2002) Load Distribution-Specific Viscoelastic Characterization of the Hybrid III Chest. SAE Transactions: Journal of Passenger Cars - Mechanical Systems, 111(6): 199-210. Based on SAE Paper 2002-01-0024.

Kent, RW, Funk, JR, Crandall, JR. (2002) U.S. injury trends projected to 2012: the influence of an aging population. Annual Proceedings/Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine, 46: 157-75.

Kent, RW, Parenteau, C. (eds.) (2002) Impact Biomechanics, SP-1665, Society of Automotive Engineers, Warrendale, PA.

Paskoff, G, Lakner, M, Funk, JR, Kerrigan, JR, Crandall, JR. (2002) Effect of Thigh Gap on Femur Impact during Ejection of Large Aviators. 40th Annual Safety and Flight Equipment (SAFE) Conference, Jacksonville, FL.

Power, ED, Duma, SM, Stitzel, JD, Herring, IP, West, RL, Bass, CR, Crowley, JS, Brozoski, FT. (2002) Computer Modeling Of Airbag-Induced Ocular Injury In Pilots Wearing Night Vision Goggles. Aviation Space & Medicine, 73(10): 1000-1006.

Reagan, S, Pilkey, WD. (2002) Constrained torsion of prismatic bars. Finite Elements in Analysis and Design 38: 909-919

Shaw, CG, Crandall, JR, Butcher, J. (2002) Comparative Evaluation of the THOR Advanced Frontal Crash Test Dummy. International Journal of Crashworthiness, 7(3): 239-253.

Shaw, CG, Rudd, RW, Crandall, JR, Luo, F. (2002) Comparative Evaluation of Dummy Response with Thor-Lx/Hillr and Hybrid III Lower Extremities. SAE Transactions: Journal of Passenger Cars-Mechanical Systems, 111(6): 175-186. Based on SAE Paper 2002-01-0016.

Sherwood, CP, Shaw, CG, van Rooij, L, Kent, RW, Gupta, P, Crandall, JR, Orzechowski, K, Eichelberger, M, Kallieris, D. (2002) Prediction of cervical spine injury risk for the 6-year-old child in frontal crashes. Annual Proceedings/Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine, 46: 231-247.

Srinivasan, S, Funk, JR, Crandall, JR. (2002) Lateral process of Talus (Snowboarder’s Fracture) – Mechanism of Injury. Orthopaedic Proceedings: British Orthopaedic Association, Cardiff. (abstract in Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery 85-B Supp. II)

Stitzel, J, Duma, SM, Boggess, B, Bass, CR, Crandall, JR. (2002) Frequency Content Analysis and Filter Class Selection for the Small Female Instrumented Upper Extremity. SAE Transactions: Journal of Passenger Cars-Mechanical Systems, 111(6) (2002): 1202-1216. Based on SAE Paper 2002-01-0806.

van Hoof, J, van Rooij, L, Crandall, JR. (2002) A Numerical Model Predicting Upper Extremity Fractures due to Airbag Deployment. Proceedings of the 4th World Congress of Biomechanics, Calgary, Canada.

van Rooij, L, van Hoof, J. (2002) The Utility of Multi-Body Modeling for Crash Reconstruction and Medical Assessment of Injury Causation. Annual Proceedings/Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine, 46: 341-345.

Woods, WA, Kent, RW, Ullman, E, Bass, CR. (2002) Effect of multiple exhalation ports in a simulation of trantracheal ventilation with a porcine model of an obstructed airway. American Academy of Pediatrics 2002 National Conference and Exhibition, Boston, Massachusetts.

Balandin, DV, Bolotnik, NN, Pilkey, WD. (2001) Limiting Performance Analysis of Impact Isolation Systems for Injury Prevention. Shock and Vibration Digest, 33: 453-472.

Bass, CR, Boggess, B, Bush, B. (2001) Ballistic Helmet Backface Deformation Testing with a Dummy Subject. Cranfield Impact Conference, Cranfield, England.

Bass, CR, Boggess, B, Davis, M, Chichester, C, Bergeron, D, Sanderson, E, DiMarco, G. (2001) A Methodology for Evaluating Demining Personal Protective Equipment for Antipersonnel Landmines. UXO/Countermine Forum, New Orleans, LA.

Bass, CR, Boggess, B, Davis, M, Sanderson, E, Di Marco, G, Chichester, C. (2000) A Methodology for Evaluating Demining Personal Protective Ensembles for AP Landmines. UXO/Countermine Conference, New Orleans, LA.

Bass, CR, Boggess, B, Davis, M, Sanderson, E, Di Marco, G, Chichester, C. (2000) Effectiveness of Personal Protective Ensembles for the Demining of AP Landmines’, UXO/Countermine Conference, New Orleans, LA.

Bass, CR, Darvish, KK, Bush, B, Crandall, JR, Srinivasan, S, Tribble, C, Tourret, L, Evans, J, Patrie, J, Wang, C. (2001) Material Properties for Modeling Traumatic Aortic Rupture. Stapp Car Crash Journal, 45: 143-160.

Bass, CR, Salzar, RS, Pilkey, WD. (2001) Biodynamic Analysis of Injury and Shock Mitigation in Naval High-Speed Planing Craft, Shock and Vibration Symposium (SAVIAC) Ft. Walton Beach, FL, November.

Bass, CR. (2000) Ballistic Helmet Backface Deformation Testing with a Dummy Subject. Personal Armor Systems Symposium (PASS-2000) Colchester, England.

Boggess, B, Sieveka, EM, Crandall, JR, Pilkey, WD, Duma, SM. (2001) Interaction of the Hand and Wrist with a Door Grip During Side Air Bag Deployment: Simulation Study using the CVS/ATB Multi-Body Program. Paper 2001-01B-191, Society of Automotive Engine

Butcher, J, Shaw, CG, Bass, CR, Kent, RW, Crandall, JR. (2001) Displacement Measurements in the Hybrid III Chest. SAE Transactions: Journal of Passenger Cars, 110(6): 26-31. Based on SAE Paper 2001-01-0118.

Chandra, A, Puri, S, Sochor, MR, and Zalenski, R. J. (2001) Impact of ED Cholesterol Screening When Initiated in a Chest Pain Observation Unit on Compliance with Baycol and Cholesterol Reduction. Proc. Society of Academic Emergency Medicine Conference, 2001.

Cheng, ZQ, Pilkey, WD, Balandin, DV, Bolotnik, NN, Crandall, JR, Shaw, CG. (2001) Optimal Control of Helicopter Seat Cushions for the Reduction of Spinal Injuries. International Journal of Crashworthiness, 6(3): 321-338.

Cheng, ZQ, Pilkey, WD, Balandin, DV, Bolotnik, NN, Crandall, JR, Shaw, CG. (2001) Optimal Control of Helicopter Seat Cushions for the Reduction of Spinal Injuries. International Journal of Crashworthiness, 6(3): 321-338.

Cheng, ZQ, Pilkey, WD, Darvish, KK, Crandall, JR. (2001) Correlation Analysis of Automobile Crash Responses using Wavelets. Proceedings of the 19th International Modal Analysis Conference, Florida.

Cheng, ZQ, Thacker, JG, Pilkey, WD, Hollowell, W, Reagan, S, Sieveka, S. (2001) Experiences in reverse-engineering of a finite element automobile crash model. Finite Elements in Analysis and Design, 37: 843-860.

Chichester, C, Bass, CR, Boggess, B, Davis, M, Sanderson, E, DiMarco, G, Bergeron, D. (2001) Effectiveness of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) for Use in demining Antipersonnel Landmines. UXO/Countermine Forum, New Orleans, LA.

Darvish, KK, Crandall, JR. (2001) Nonlinear Viscoelastic Effects in Oscillatory Shear Deformation of Brain Tissue. Medical Engineering and Physics, 23(9): 633-645.

Darvish, KK, Crandall, JR. (2001) Strain Conditioning in the Dynamic Viscoelastic Response of Brain Tissue. ASME Bioengineering Conference, BED 50.

Della Croce, U, Riley, PO, Lelas, JL, Kerrigan, DC. (2001) A refined view of the determinants of gait. Gait and Posture, 14(2): 79-84.

Duma, SM, Boggess, B, Crandall, JR, Hurwitz, S. (2001) Analysis of Upper Extremity Response Under Side Air Bag Loading. Paper 195, Proceedings of the 17th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV).

Duma, SM, Boggess, B, Crandall, JR, MacMahon, C, Hurwitz, S. (2001) Axial Loading Injury Tolerance for the Small Female Wrist. Proceedings of the 29th International Workshop on Human Subjects for Biomechanical Research, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, U.S. D.O.T.

Funk, JR, Tourret, L, Crandall, JR, Pilkey, WD, McMaster, J, Khaewpong, N, Eppinger, R. (2001) The Effect of Active Muscle Tension on the Axial Injury Tolerance of the Lower Extremity. Paper 237, Proceedings of the 17th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV).

Harris, RM, Bass, CR, Rountree, MS, Sanderson, E. (2001) Study Of Ballistic Head Injuries During The Non-Penetrating Ballistic Loading Of Helmets. Society Of Military Orthopaedic Surgeons Conference, Vail, Colorado.

Ivarsson, BJ, Viano, D, Lovsund, P. (2001) Influence of the anterior and middle cranial fossae on brain kinematics during sagittal plane head rotation. Journal of Crash Prevention and Injury Control, 2(4): 271-287.

Jernigan, M, Duma, SM, Herring, I, Stitzel, J, Bass, CR, Crowley, J, Brozoski, F. (2001) Eye Injury Patterns In Automobile Crashes: The Effect Of Frontal Airbags. Annual Proceedings/Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine, 45: 407-409.

Kent, RW, Bolton, JR, Crandall, JR, Prasad, P, Nusholtz, G, Mertz, H, Kallieris, D. (2001) Restrained Hybrid III dummy-based criteria for thoracic hard tissue injury prediction. IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact.

Kent, RW, Crandall, JR, Bolton, JR, Duma, SM. (2001) Comparison and evaluation of contemporary restraint systems in the driver and front-passenger environments. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part D-Journal of Automobile Engineering, 215(D): 1-13.

Kent, RW, Crandall, JR, Bolton, JR, Prasad, P, Nusholtz, G, Mertz, H. (2001) The Influence of Superficial Soft Tissues and Restraint Condition on Thoracic Skeletal Injury Prediction. Stapp Car Crash Journal, 45: 183-203.

Kent, RW, Crandall, JR, Butcher, J, Morris, RA. (2001) Sled System Requirements for the Analysis of Side Impact Thoracic Injury and Occupant Protection. SAE Transactions: Journal of Passenger Cars-Mechanical Systems, 110(6): 805-813. Based on SAE Paper 2001-01-0721.

Kent, RW, Crandall, JR. (2001) A restraint-specific, viscoelastic structural model of the human thorax. Proceedings of the 29th International Workshop on Human Subjects for Biomechanical Research, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, U.S. D.O.T.

Kent, RW, Crandall, JR. (2001) Boundary condition effects on thoracic deformation response to anterior impact loading. ASME Bioengineering Conference, BED-Vol. 50.

Kent, RW, Crandall, JR. (2001) Spinal injury risk assessment for female and small male pilots during ejection loading. Research Conference, Virginia Space Grant Consortium, NASA Langley, Hampton, Virginia.

Kent, RW, Huelke, D. (eds.) (2001) Airbag Technology 2001, SP-1615, Society of Automotive Engineers, Warrendale, PA.

Kent, RW, Sieveka, EM, Crandall, JR. (2001) Parametric study of side impact thoracic injury criteria using the MADYMO human body model. Paper 144, Proceedings of the 17th International Technical Conference on Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV).

Kerrigan, DC, Burke, D. T, Nieto, TJ, Riley, PO. (2001) Can toe-walking contribute to stiff-legged gait? American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, 80(1): 33-37.

Kerrigan, DC, Karvosky, ME, Riley, PO. (2001) Spastic paretic stiff-legged gait - Joint kinetics. American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, 80(4): 244-249.

Kerrigan, DC, Lee, LW, Collins, JJ, Riley, PO, Lipsitz, LA. (2001) Reduced hip extension during walking: Healthy elderly and fallers versus young adults. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 82(1): 26-30.

Kerrigan, DC, Riley, PO, Lelas, JL, Della Croce, U. (2001) Quantification of Pelvic Rotation as a Determinant of Gait. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 82(2): 217-220.

Kerrigan, JR, McEneely M. (2001) Development of a Lunar-Source Imaging GFCR for Measurement of Tropospheric Carbon Monoxide. Manuscript printed for An International Conference on Thermal Infrared Sensing for Diagnostics and Control (Thermosense XXIII) SPIE, Orlando, Florida, 16-20 April.

Martin, PG, Crandall, JR. (2001) Constitutive Modeling of Polymers Subjected to High Strain Rates. SAE Transactions: Journal of Materials and Manufacturing, 110(5): 549-558. Based on SAE Paper 2001-01-0472.

NA

Power, E, Duma, SM, Stitzel, J, Herring, I, West, R, Bass, CR, Crowley, J, Brozoski, F. (2001) A nonlinear finite element model of the human eye to investigate ocular injuries from night vision goggles. Proceedings of the 29th International Workshop on Human Subjects for Biomechanical Research, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, U.S. D.O.T.

Riley, PO, Della Croce, U, Kerrigan, DC. (2001) Effect of Age on Lower Extremity Joint Moment Contributions to Gait Speed. Gait and Posture, 14(3): 264-270.

Riley, PO, Della Croce, U, Kerrigan, DC. (2001) Propulsive adaptation to changing gait speed. Journal of Biomechanics, 34(2): 197-202.

Riley, PO, Kerrigan, DC. (2001) The Effect of Voluntary Toe-Walking on Body Propulsion. Clinical Biomechanics, 16(8): 681-687.

Rudd, RW, Crandall, JR, Hjerpe, E, Haland, Y. (2001) Evaluation of Lower Limb Injury Mitigation from Inflatable Carpet in Sled Tests with Intrusion using the Thor Lx. Paper 149, Proceedings of the 17th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV).

Salzar, RS, Bass, CR, Darvish, KK. (2001) Sonomicrometry in Impact Biomechanics. Proceedings of the 29th International Workshop on Human Subjects for Biomechanical Research, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, U.S. D.O.T.

Shaw, CG, Kent, RW, Sieveka, EM, Crandall, JR. (2001) Spinal kinematics of restrained occupants in frontal impacts. IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact.

Sieveka, EM, Kent, RW, Crandall, JR. (2001) Comparison of seat belt force-limiting methods using the MADYMO multi-body/finite element program. Annual Proceedings/ Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine, 45: 11-21.

Srinivasan, S, Sherwood, CP, Funk, JR, Crandall, JR. (2001) Retrospective Assessment of Malleolar Fracture Mechanism in Impact Environment. Annual Proceedings/Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine, 45: 405-407.

Zuby, DS, Nolan, JM, Sherwood, CP. (2001) Effect of Hybrid III Leg Geometry on Upper Tibia Bending Moments. Paper 2001-01-0169, Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE).

Bass, CR, Wang, C, Crandall, JR. (2000) Error Analysis of Curvature-Based Contour Measurement Devices. SAE Transactions: Journal of Passenger Cars-Mechanical Systems, 109(6): 19-35. Based on SAE Paper 2000-01-0054.

Bass, CR. (2000) Development of a Procedure for Evaluating Demining Protective Equipment. Journal of Mine Action, 4: 18-23.

Bready, JE, Nordhagen, RP, Kent, RW, Jakstis, M. (2000) Characteristics of seat belt restraint system markings. SAE Transactions: Journal of Passenger Cars-Mechanical Systems, 109(6): 1802-1812. Based on SAE Paper 2000-01-1317.

Butcher, J, Bass, CR, Danish, L. (2000) Deformation Contour Measurement with Fiber Optic Technology. 24th American Society of Biomechanics Annual Conference.

Crandall, JR, Bryant, RG, Harris, RM, Griffin, LV, Rountree, MS, Sanderson, E. (2000) Evaluation of Protective Footwear for Landmine Loading. 5th World Conference on Injury Prevention and Control, New Delhi, India.

Crandall, JR, Cheng, ZQ, Pilkey, WD. (2000) Limiting Performance of Seat Belt System for the Prevention of Thoracic Injuries. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part D-Journal of Automobile Engineering, 214(D2): 127-139.

Crandall, JR, Funk, JR, Rudd, RW, Tourret, L. (2000) The Tibia Index: A Step in the Right Direction. in Human Biomechanics and Injury Prevention, edited by J. Kajzer, E. Tanaka, H. Yamada, Springer Verlag, Tokyo.

Crandall, JR, Kent, RW, Patrie, J, Fertile, J, Martin, PG. (2000) Rib fracture patterns and radiologic detection - a restraint-based comparison. Annual Proceedings/Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine, 44: 235-59.

Darvish, KK, Crandall, JR. (2000) A Quasilinear Viscoelastic Model for Brain Tissue. Proceedings of the 24th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Biomechanics, Chicago.

Darvish, KK, Crandall, JR. (2000) Comparison between a Quasilinear and a Nonlinear Viscoelastic Model for Brain Tissue. Advances in Bioengineering, ASME, BED 48.

Darvish, KK, Crandall, JR. (2000) Nonlinear Viscoelastic Behavior of Brain Tissue in Oscillatory Shear Deformation. International Workshop on Human Subjects for Biomechanical Research, 28, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, US DOT.

Duma, SM, Boggess, B, Sieveka, EM, Crandall, JR. (2000) The Effect of Shoulder Translation and Forearm Pronation on Upper Extremity Loading during Side Airbag Deployment. Proceedings of the 24th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Biomechanics.

Duma, SM, Crandall, JR, Hurwitz, S, Pilkey, WD. (2000) Small Female Upper Extremity Interaction with a Deploying Side Airbag. Journal of Crash Prevention and Injury Control, 2(1): 45-61.

Duma, SM, Crandall, JR, Seki, K. (2000) Comparison of the Q3 and Hybrid III 3 Year Old Dummy Head and Neck Response During Side Air Bag Loading. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part D-Journal of Automobile Engineering, 214(4): 675-684.

Duma, SM, Crandall, JR. (2000) Eye Injuries from Air Bags with Seamless Module Covers. Journal of Trauma, 48(4): 786-789.

Duma, SM, Power, J, Stitzel, J, Jernigan, I, Herring, I, Duncan, R, Pickett, J, Bass, CR. (2000) The Porcine Eye as a Surrogate Model for the Human Eye: Anatomical and Mechanical Relationships. International Workshop on Human Subjects for Biomechanical Research, 28, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, US DOT.

Funk, JR, Bass, CR, Rudd, RW, Crandall, JR, Tourret, L, McMahon, C. (2000) Dynamic Crack Detection in the Human Tibia Using Acoustic Emission. International Workshop on Human Subjects for Biomechanical Research, 28, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, US DOT.

Funk, JR, Hall, GW, Crandall, JR, Pilkey, WD. (2000) Linear and Quasi-Linear Viscoelastic Characterization of Ankle Ligaments. Journal of Biomechanical Engineering, 122(1): 15-22.

Funk, JR, Tourret, L, Crandall, JR. (2000) Estimation of Fibula Load-Sharing During Dynamic Axial Loading of the Lower Extremity. Proceedings of the 24th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Biomechanics.

Funk, JR, Tourret, L, Crandall, JR. (2000) Experimentally Produced Tibial Plateau Fractures. IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact.

Funk, JR, Tourret, L, George, S, Crandall, JR. (2000) The Role of Axial Loading in Malleolar Fractures. SAE Transactions: Journal of Passenger Cars-Mechanical Systems, 109(6): 212-223. Based on SAE Paper 2000-01-0155.

Gwaltney JM, Hendley JO, Phillips CD, Bass CR, Mygind N, Winther B.(2000) Nose blowing propels nasal fluid into the paranasal sinuses. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 30(2): 387-391.

Kent, RW, Crandall, JR, Bolton, JR, Duma, SM. (2000) Driver and right-front passenger restraint system interaction, injury potential, and thoracic injury prediction. Annual Proceedings/Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine, 44: 261-82.

Kent, RW, Crandall, JR. (2000) Structural Stiffness, Elastic Recovery, and Occupant Inertial Effects on Measured Door Response in a Laterally Struck Vehicle. International Journal of Crashworthiness, 5(3): 235-248.

Kerrigan, DC, Della Croce, U, Marciello, M, Riley, PO. (2000) A refined view of the determinants of gait: Significance of heel rise. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 81(8): 1077-1080.

Kerrigan, DC, Frates, EP, Rogan, S, Riley, PO. (2000) Hip hiking and circumduction - Quantitative definitions. American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation 79(3): 247-252.

Kerrigan, DC, Lee, LW, Nieto, TJ, Markman, JD, Collins, JJ, Riley, PO. (2000) Kinetic alterations independent of walking speed in elderly fallers. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 81(6): 730-735.

Kerrigan, DC, Riley, PO, Nieto, TJ, Della Croce, U. (2000) Knee joint torques: A comparison between women and men during barefoot walking. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 81(9): 1162-1165.

Kerrigan, DC, Riley, PO, Rogan, S, Burke, DT. (2000) Compensatory advantages of toe walking. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 81(1): 38-44.

Makris, J. Nerenberg, J, Dionne, Bass, CR, Chichester, C. (2000) Reduction Of Blast Induced Head Acceleration In The Field Of Anti-Personnel Mine Clearance. IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact.

Martin, PG, Crandall, JR, Pilkey, WD, Miller, T. (2000) Injury trends of passenger car drivers in frontal crashes in the USA. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 32(4): 541-557.

Rudd, RW, Crandall, JR, Butcher, J. (2000) Biofidelity Evaluation of Dynamic and Static Response Characteristics of the THOR Lx Dummy Lower Extremity. International Journal of Crashworthiness, 5(2): 127-140.

Shaw, CG, Crandall, JR, Butcher, J. (2000) Biofidelity Evaluation of the THOR Advanced Frontal Crash Test Dummy. IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact.

Shaw, CG. (2000) Wheelchair rider risk in motor vehicles: a technical note. Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development, 37(1): 89-100.

Bai, C, Morris, RA, Sieveka, EM, Crandall, JR, Cheng, ZQ, Pilkey, WD. (1999) A Study of Standards for Child Restraint Systems for Impact Tests. International Journal of Crashworthiness, 4(1): 59-70.

Balandin, DV, Bolotnik, NN, Pilkey, WD. (1999) On the optimal shock isolation of a system with one and a half degrees of freedom. Shock and Vibration, 6(4): 305-316.

Bass, CR, Crandall, JR, Bolton, JR, Pilkey, WD. (1999) Deployment of Air Bags into the Thorax of an Out-of-Position Dummy. SAE Transactions: Journal of Passenger Cars-Mechanical Systems, 108(6): 1468-1482. Based on SAE Paper 1999-01-0764.

Bready, JE, Nordhagen, RP, Kent, RW. (1999) Seat Belt Survey: Identification and Assessment of Noncollision Markings. SAE Transactions: Journal of Passenger Cars, 108(6): 737-749. Based on SAE Paper 1999-01-0441.

Bready, JE, Nordhagen, RP, Kent, RW. (1999) Survey results and discussion of noncollision restraint system markings. Proceedings of the 32nd International Symposium on Automotive Technology and Automation, Vienna, Austria.

Cheng, ZQ, Pilkey, WD, Crandall, JR, Bass, CR, Darvish, KK. (1999) Limiting performance of helmets for the prevention of head injury. Shock and Vibration, 6: 299-320.

Cheng, ZQ, Pilkey, WD, Crandall, JR. (1999) Limiting Performance of Helmets Under Impact. ASME - Advances in Bioengineering (BED), 42: 711-712.

Cheng, ZQ, Pilkey, WD. (1999) Wavelet-based limiting performance analysis of mechanical systems subject to transient disturbances. Finite Elements in Analysis and Design, 33: 233-245.

Colvin, DP, McKinney, RA, Shaw, CG. (1999) Crash-Safe Wheelchair Seating Systems for Children. ASME - Advances in Bioengineering (BED), 42: 459-460.

Crandall, JR, Duma, SM, Bass, CR, Pilkey, WD, Kuppa, S, Khaewpong, N, Eppinger, R. (1999) Thoracic Response and Trauma in Air Bag Deployment Tests with Out-of-Position Small Female Surrogates. Journal of Crash Prevention and Injury Control, 1(2): 101-112.

Crandall, JR, Funk, JR, Rudd, RW, Tourret, L. (1999) The Tibia Index: A Step in the Right Direction. Proceedings of the Toyota International Symposium on Human Life Support Biomechanics.

Crandall, JR, Matthews, B, Bass, CR, Bolton, JR. (1999) Viscoelastic characterization of the hybrid III three-year-olds and Q3 dummy necks. Joint AAAM- IRCOBI Conference Session on Child Occupant Protection.

Darvish, KK, Crandall, JR. (1999) Investigating Nonlinear Viscoelastic Properties of Brain Tissue Using the Forced Vibration Method. Proceedings of the 23rd Annual Meeting of the American Society of Biomechanics, Pittsburgh.

Darvish, KK, Takhounts, E, Mathews, B, Crandall, JR. (1999) A Nonlinear Viscoelastic Model for Polyurethane Foams. SAE Transactions: Journal of Materials and Manufacturing, 108(5): 209-215, 1999. Based on SAE Paper 1999-01-0299.

Dubbeldam, RN, Nilson, G, Pal, B, Eriksson, N, Owen, C, Roberts, A, Crandall, JR, Hall, GW, Manning, P, Wallace, A. (1999) A MADYMO Model of the Foot and Leg for Local Impacts. Paper 99SC12, Stapp Car Crash Conference Proceedings, 43.

Duma, SM, Boggess, B, Crandall, JR. (1999) Evaluation of Upper Extremity Injuries from Lateral Air Bag Deployment. Proceedings of Inflatable Restraints in Aviation Conference, Huntsville, AL.

Duma, SM, Crandall, JR, Pilkey, WD, Seki, K, Aoki, T. (1999) Dynamic Response of the Hybrid III 3 Year Old Dummy Head and Neck during Side Airbag Loading. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part D-Journal of Automobile Engineering, 213(D): 471-480.

Duma, SM, Crandall, JR, Pilkey, WD. (1999) Comparison of the Q3 and Hybrid III 3 Year Old Dummy Head and Neck Response During Side Air Bag Loading. Joint AAAM- IRCOBI Conference Session on Child Occupant Protection.

Duma, SM, Crandall, JR, Rudd, RW, Funk, JR, Pilkey, WD. (1999) Small Female Head and Neck Interaction with a Deploying Side Air Bag. IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact.

Duma, SM, Crandall, JR, Rudd, RW, Pilkey, WD. (1999) Eye Injuries from Air Bags with Seamless Module Covers. Annual Proceedings/Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine, 42: 425-434.

Duma, SM, Crandall, JR, Rudd, RW. (1999) A Protocol System for Testing Biohazardous Materials in an Automotive Research Facility. American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, 60(5): 629-634.

Duma, SM, Schreiber, P, McMaster, J, Crandall, JR, Bass, CR, Pilkey, WD. (1999) Dynamic Injury Tolerances for Long Bones of the Female Upper Extremity. Journal of Anatomy, 194(3): 463-471.

Duma, SM, Schreiber, P, McMaster, J, Crandall, JR, Bass, CR, Pilkey, WD. (1999) Fracture Tolerance of the Male Forearm: The Effect of Pronation versus Supination. Proceedings of the 24th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Biomechanics, Pittsburgh.

Funk, JR, Hall, GW, Crandall, JR, Pilkey, WD. (1999) Quasi-linear Viscoelasticity of Ankle Ligaments. ASB Annual Conference.

Hall, GW, Klopp, GS, Crandall, JR, Carmines, D, Hale, J. (1999) Rate-independent characteristics of an arthroscopically implantable force probe in the human achilles tendon. Journal of Biomechanics, 32: 203-207.

James, M, Smith, G, Kent, RW, Perl, T. (1999) Residual crush and delta-v as postcollision evaluators of airbag system performance. Proceedings of the 32nd International Symposium on Automotive Technology and Automation, Vienna, Austria.

Kato, M, Nishimura, H, Shimogo, T, Purtsezov, S, Pilkey, WD, Crandall, JR. (1999) Injury Protection of Occupant Legs by Active Knee Bolster Optimal Design of the Contact Force Reference. Proceedings of the 50th Japan Joint Automatic Control Conference.

Kent, RW, James, M, Nordhagen, RP. (1999) Seating design and occupant protection in rear impacted vehicles. ISATA Magazine, 7: 21-25.

Kerrigan, DC, Frates, EP, Rogan, S, Riley, PO. (1999) Spastic paretic stiff-legged gait - Biomechanics of the unaffected limb. American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation 78(4): 354-360.

Losken, H, Mooney, M, Zoldos, J, Tshakaloff, A, Burrows, A, Smith, T, Cano, G, Arnott, R, Sherwood, CP, Dechant, J, Cooper, G, Siegel, M. (1999) Coronal Suture Response to Distraction Osteogenesis in Rabbits with Delayed-Onset Craniosynostosis. Journal of Craniofacial Surgery, 10(1): 27-37.

Morris, RA, Crandall, JR, Pilkey, WD. (1999) Multibody modelling of a side impact test apparatus. International Journal of Crashworthiness, 4(1): 17-30.

Riley, PO, Kerrigan, DC. (1999) Kinetics of stiff-legged gait: induced acceleration analysis. IEEE Transactions on Rehabilitation Engineering, 7(4): 420-426.

Rudd, RW, Crandall, JR, Butcher, J. (1999) Biofidelity Evaluation of Dynamic and Static Response Characteristics of the Thor Lx Dummy Lower Extremity. IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact.

Salzar, RS. (1999) Design Considerations for Rotating Laminated Metal Matrix Composite Shafts. Composites Science and Technology, 59(6): 883-897.

Salzar, RS. (1999) Influence of Autofrettage on Metal Matrix Composite Reinforced Armaments. Composites Part B: Engineering Journal, 30(8): 841-847.

Shaw, CG, Dalrymple, G, Ragland, C. (1999) Reducing the risk of driver injury from common steering control devices in frontal collisions in Air Bag Technology. Paper 1999-01-0759, Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE).

Shaw, CG, Wang C, Bolton, JR, Bass, CR, Crandall, JR, Butcher, J, Nguyen, T. (1999) Performance Assessment of the External Peripheral Instrument for Deformation Measurement Using Static Tests. International Workshop on Human Subjects for Biomechanical Research, 27, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, US DOT.

Sherwood, CP, O’Neill, B, Hurwitz, S. (1999) Lower Extremity Injury Causation in Frontal Crashes. IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact.

Sieveka, EM, Crandall, JR, Duma, SM, Pilkey, WD. (1999) Three Year Old Child and Side Airbag Interaction Study Using the CVS/ATB Multi-body Simulation Program. SAE Transactions: Journal of Passenger Cars-Mechanical Systems, 108(6): 1416-1423. Based on SAE Paper 1999-01-0756.

Takhounts, E, Crandall, JR, Matthews, B. (1999) Shear Properties of Brain Tissue Using Non-linear Green-Rivlin Viscoelastic Constitutive Equation. International Workshop on Human Subjects for Biomechanical Research, 27, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, US DOT.

Vinger, P, Duma, SM, Crandall, JR. (1999) Baseball Hardness as a Risk Factor for Eye Injuries. Archives of Ophthalmology, 117(3): 354-358.

Bai, C, Morris, RA, Sieveka, EM, Crandall, JR, Cheng, ZQ, Pilkey, WD. (1998) A Study of Standards for Child Restraint Systems for Impact Tests. Proceedings of the International Crashworthiness Conference.

Balandin, DV, Bolotnik, NN, Pilkey, WD. (1998) Review: optimal shock and vibration isolation. Shock and Vibration, 5: 73-87.

Bass, CR, Crandall, JR, Wang, C, Pilkey, WD. (1998) Open-Loop Chestbands for Dynamic Deformation Measurements. SAE Transactions: Journal of Passenger Cars-Mechanical Systems, 107(6): 1380-1387. Based on SAE Paper 980857.

Bass, CR, Duma, SM, Crandall, JR, Morris, RA, George, S, Kuppa, S, Khaewpong, N, Sun, E, Eppinger, R. (1998) The Interaction of Airbags with Upper Extremity Test Devices. Paper 98-S7-O-12. Proceedings of the 16th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV).

Cheng, ZQ, Crandall, JR, Pilkey, WD. (1998) Wave Dispersion and Attenuation in Viscoelastic Split Hopkinson pressure Bar. Shock and Vibration, 5(5/6): 307-315.

Crandall, JR, Bass, CR, Duma, SM, Kuppa, S, Khaewpong, N, Eppinger, R. (1998) Evaluation of 5th Percentile Female Hybrid III Biofidelity and Injury Criteria Measurement Methods During Out of Position Occupant Tests with a Driver Airbag. SAE Transactions: Journal of Passenger Cars-Mechanical Systems, 107(6): 1154-1161. Based on SAE Paper 980636.

Crandall, JR, Bass, CR, Duma, SM. (1998) Cadaver and Hybrid III Out-of-Position Testing using Driver Airbags. Proceedings of the 3rd World Congress of Biomechanics, Sapporo, Japan. (abstract)

Crandall, JR, Hall, GW, Pilkey, WD. (1998) Bioengineering. in Handbook of Mechanical Engineering, Tyler Hicks (ed.) CRC press, Boca Raton, Fla.

Crandall, JR, Klopp, GS. (1998) Response and Injury of the Foot and Ankle During Impact Loading. Proceedings of the 3rd World Congress of Biomechanics, Sapporo, Japan, Aug. 1998.

Crandall, JR, Kuppa, S, Klopp, GS, Hall, GW, Pilkey, WD, Hurwitz, SR. (1998) Injury Mechanisms and Criteria for the Human Foot and Ankle Under Axial Impacts to the Foot. International Journal of Crashworthiness, 3(2): 147-162.

Crandall, JR, Martin, PG, Sieveka, EM, Pilkey, WD, Dischinger, P, Burgess, A, O’Quinn, T, Schmidhauser, C. (1998) Lower Limb Response and Injury in Frontal Crashes. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 30(5): 667-677.

Darvish, KK, Takhounts, E, Crandall, JR. (1998) A Dynamic Method to Develop Nonlinear Viscoelastic Model of Brain Tissue. Advances in Bioengineering, ASME, BED 39.

Duma, SM, Crandall, JR, Hurwitz, S, Pilkey, WD. (1998) Small Female Upper Extremity Interaction with a Deploying Side Airbag. SAE Transactions: Journal of Passenger Cars-Mechanical Systems, 107(6): 2695. Based on SAE Paper 983148.

Duma, SM, Crandall, JR, Pilkey, WD, Seki, K, Aoki, T. (1998) Dynamic Response of the Hybrid III 3 Year Old Dummy Head and Neck during Side Airbag Loading. Annual Proceedings/Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine, 42: 193-208.

Duma, SM, Crandall, JR, Seki, K, Aoki, T. (1998) 5th% Female Dummy Upper Extremity Interaction with a Deploying Side Air Bag. Paper 98-S5-W-20, Proceedings of the 16th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV).

Duma, SM, Rudd, RW, Crandall, JR. (1998) The Automotive Airbag System. Professional Safety: Journal of the American Society of Safety Engineers, 43(10): 24-27.

Duma, SM, Ryan, LP, Crandall, JR. (1998) Determination of Bone Mineral Content in Cadaveric Test Specimens. International Workshop on Human Subjects for Biomechanical Research, 26, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, US DOT.

Duma, SM, Schreiber, P, McMaster, J, Crandall, JR, Bass, CR, Pilkey, WD. (1998) Dynamic Injury Tolerances for Long Bones of the Female Upper Extremity. IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact.

Hall, GW, Crandall, JR, Pilkey, WD, Thunnissen, J. (1998) Development of a Dynamic Multibody Model to Analyze Human Lower Extremity Impact Response and Injury. IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact.

Hall, GW, Crandall, JR, Sieveka, EM, Pilkey, WD. (1998) Sensitivity of Impact Response to Model Parameters: A Multibody Modeling Study of the Human Leg. Proceedings of the ASME Winter Annual Meeting, Anaheim, CA.

Hall, GW. (1998) Measurement of elbow flexion and pronation with angular rate sensors. Paper 981141, Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE).

Ivarsson, BJ, Viano, D, Lovsund, P, Aldman, B. (1998) The strain relieving function of the cerebral lateral ventricles during rotational acceleration of the head - an experimental study with physical models. Proceedings of the 3rd World Congress of Biomechanics.

Kaya, BK, Krebs, DE, Riley, PO. (1998) Dynamic stability in elders: Momentum control in locomotor ADL. Journals of Gerontology Series A-Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 53(2): M126-M134.

Kent, RW, James, M, Nordhagen, RP. (1998) Seat design and occupant protection in rear-impacted vehicles. Paper 98SAF033, Proceedings of the 31st International Symposium on Automotive Technology and Automation.

Kent, RW, Strother, C. (1998) Wooden Pole Fracture Energy in Vehicle Impacts. SAE Transactions: Journal of Passenger Cars-Mechanical Systems, 107(6): 292-305. Based on SAE Paper 980214.

Kerrigan, DC, Roth, RS, Riley, PO. (1998) The modelling of adult spastic paretic stiff-legged gait swing period based on actual kinematic data. Gait and Posture, 7(2): 117-124.

Kerrigan, DC, Todd, MK, Riley, PO. (1998) Knee osteoarthritis and high-heeled shoes. Lancet, 351(9113): 1399-1401.

Kuppa, S, Klopp, GS, Crandall, JR, Hall, GW, Yoganandan, N, Pintar, F, Eppinger, R, Khaewpong, N, Kleinberger, M. (1998) Axial Impact Characteristics of Dummy and Cadaver Lower Limbs. Paper 98-S7-O-10, Proceedings of the 16th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV).

Martin, PG, Hall, GW, Crandall, JR, Pilkey, WD. (1998) Measuring the acceleration of a rigid body. Shock and Vibration, 5: 211-224.

Morris, RA, Crandall, JR, Pilkey, WD. (1998) Multibody modelling of a side impact test apparatus. Proceedings of the International Crashworthiness Conference.

Morris, RA, Duma, SM, Bass, D, Sieveka, J, Pellettiere, JA, Crandall, JR, Pilkey, WD. (1998) Analysis of humerus orientation in upper extremity experiments with a deploying airbag. Paper 980639, Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE).

O'Neil, BJ, Miller, V, Velarde, R, Sochor, MR, Popat, R, Bhasin, S, Fringer, R, Mangione, A, Gawad, Y. (1998) Profile of Multiple Cardiac Markers in Patients with Acute Coromary Ischemia. Proc. XIIIth World Congress of Cardiology, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, April 1998.

Pellettiere, JA, Crandall, JR, Pilkey, WD. (1998) Material Model for Bone Under Impact Loading. North American Congress on Biomechanics. Waterloo, Canada.

Pellettiere, JA, Duma, SM, Bass, CR, Crandall, JR. (1998) Strength of the Female Upper Extremity. Proceedings NATO/RTO Specialist's Meeting: Models for Aircrew Safety Assessment: Uses, Limitations, Requirements, Dayton, OH, October.

Pellettiere, JA, Sieveka, EM, Crandall, JR, Pilkey, WD, Tanahashi, M, Weisenfeld, G, Okuhara, H, Takahashi, Y, Okamoto, Y. (1998) Experimental Testing of the Hybrid III Lower Extremity for Computational Model Development. Paper 980363, Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE).

Riley, PO, Kerrigan, DC. (1998) Torque Action of Two-Joint Muscles in the Swing Period of Stiff-Legged Gait: a Forward Dynamic Model Analysis. Journal of Biomechanics, 31(9): 835-840.

Rudd, RW, Crandall, JR, Bass, CR, Lynn, S, Keller, J. (1998) Lower Extremity and Brake Pedal Interaction in Frontal Collisions: Sled Tests. SAE Transactions: Journal of Passenger Cars-Mechanical Systems, 107(6): 853-860. Based on SAE Paper 980359.

Rudd, RW, Sieveka, EM, Crandall, JR, Pellettiere, JA, Lynn, S, Keller, J. (1998) Lower Extremity and Brake Pedal Interaction in Frontal Collisions: Computer Simulation. SAE Transactions: Journal of Passenger Cars, 107(6): 822-828. Based on SAE Paper 980364.

Salzar, RS. (1998) Optimization of Material Processing Profiles. Composites Part B: Engineering Journal. 29B: 235-244.

Schreiber, P, Crandall, JR, Hurwitz, S, Nusholtz, GS. (1998) Static and Dynamic Bending Strength of the Leg. International Journal of Crashworthiness, 3(3): 295-308.

Shaw, CG, Dalrymple, G, Ragland, C. (1998) Air Bag Interaction with and Injury Potential from Common Steering Control Devices. Annual Proceedings/Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine, 42: 245-259.

Shaw, CG. (1998) Retention of supportive properties by eggcrate and foam wheelchair cushions. Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development, 35(4): 396-404.

Shaw, CG. (1998) Travel Hazards. Team Rehab Report, 9(10): 23-24.

Sieveka, EM, Crandall, JR, Duma, SM, Pilkey, WD. (1998) Development and Application of a Side Airbag Computer Model Using a Multi-body Dynamics Program. Paper 98-S9-O-05, Proceedings of the 16th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV).

Sieveka, EM, Pellettiere, JA, Crandall, JR, Pilkey, WD, Tanahashi, M, Weisenfeld, G, Okuhara, H, Takahashi, Y, Okamoto, Y. (1998) A New CVS/ATB Hybrid III Model for Lower Extremity Studies: Development and Validation. SAE Transactions: Journal of Passenger Cars-Mechanical Systems, 107(6): 803. Based on SAE Paper 980357.

Strother, C, Kent, RW, Warner, C. (1998) Estimating vehicle deformation energy for vehicles struck in the side. SAE Transactions: Journal of Passenger Cars-Mechanical Systems, 107(6): 306-322. Based on SAE Paper 980215.

Takahashi, Y, Okamoto, Y, Kikuchi, Y, Sieveka, EM, Crandall, JR, Pellettiere, JA, Pilkey, WD. (1998) Development of Computer Simulation Model for Hybrid III Lower Extremity. JSAE Paper 9822775, Honda R&D Technical Review, 10: 189-196.

Thacker, J, Reagan, S, Pellettiere, JA, Pilkey, WD, Crandall, JR, Sieveka, EM. (1998) Experiences during Development of a Dynamic Crash Response Automobile Model. Journal of Finite Element Analysis and Design, 30: 279-296.

Tucker, CA, Ramirez, J, Krebs, DE, Riley, PO. (1998) Center of gravity dynamic stability in normal and vestibulopathic gait. Gait and Posture, 8(2): 117-123.

Bass, CR, Crandall, JR, Dekel, E, Jordan, A, Pilkey, WD. (1997) A System for Simulating Structural Intrusion in Automobile Full-Frontal and Frontal Offset Crashes in the Laboratory Sled Test Environment. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part D-Journal of Automobile Engineering, 211(D): 325-336.

Bass, CR, Dekel, E, Crandall, JR, Lange, M, Pilkey, WD. (1997) Experimental Devices to Simulate Toepan and Floorpan Intrusion. SAE Transactions: Journal of Passenger Cars, 106(6): 970-982. Based on SAE Paper 970574.

Bass, CR, Duma, SM, Crandall, JR, Morris, RA, Martin, PG, Pilkey, WD, Hurwitz, S, Khaewpong N, Eppinger, R, Sun, E. (1997) The Interaction of Air Bags with Upper Extremities. SAE Transactions: Journal of Passenger Cars, 107(6): 3644-3665. Based on SAE Paper 973324.

Bortolami, SB, Riley, PO, Krebs, DE. (1997) Modeling the systematic uncertainty of photogrammetric tracking of human motion. Journal of Dynamic Systems Measurement and Control, 119(2): 358-361.

Bortolami, SB, Riley, PO, Krebs, DE. (1997) Numerical differentiation of tracking data of human motion: The virtual accelerometer. Journal of Dynamic Systems Measurement and Control, 119(2): 355-358.

Crandall, JR, Bass, CR, Pilkey, WD, Miller, HJ, Sikorski, J, Wilkins, M. (1997) Thoracic Response and Injury with Belt, Driver Side Airbag, and Force Limited Belt Restraint Systems. International Journal of Crashworthiness, 2(1): 119-132.

Crandall, JR, Bass, CR, Wang, C, Bolton, JR, Pilkey, WD. (1997) Comparison of Hybrid III and Cadaver Response Using Force Limited Belts Systems. International Workshop on Human Subjects for Biomechanical Research, 25, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, US DOT.

Crandall, JR, Duma, SM, Bass, CR, Pilkey, WD, Kuppa, S, Khaewpong, N, Eppinger, R. (1997) Thoracic Response and Trauma of Out-of-Position Drivers Resulting from Air Bag Deployment. Annual Proceedings/Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine, 41: 387-404.

Crandall, JR, Martin, PG. (1997) Lower Limb Injuries Sustained in Crashes and Corresponding Biomechanical Research. Proceedings International Symposium on Real World Crash Injury Research, Leicestershire, UK.

Darvish, KK. (1997) Biomechanical Evaluation of the Application of Bone Internal Fixation Devices. Proceedings of the Iranian Academic Association Second Annual Conference on Science and Technology in Medicine and Engineering, New York.

Duma, SM, Bass, CR, Crandall, JR, Sieveka, EM, Pilkey, WD. (1997) Examination of Airbag-Induced Upper Extremity Injuries. Proceedings 15th International System Safety Conference.

Duma, SM, Bass, CR, Klopp, GS, Grillo, N, Micek TJ, Crandall, JR, Pilkey, WD. (1997) A Technique for Using Strain Gauges to Evaluate Airbag Interaction with Cadaveric Upper Extremities. Biomedical Sciences Instrumentation, 33: 47-52.

Duma, SM, Crandall, JR, Rudd, RW, Pilkey, WD. (1997) A Discussion of the Automotive Airbag System and the Changes in its Federal Regulations. Proceedings 15th International System Safety Conference.

Duma, SM, Crandall, JR, Rudd, RW, Pilkey, WD. (1997) A Review of the Proposed Changes in the Federal Automotive Airbag Design Standard. Proceedings of the 15th International System Safety Conference.

Duma, SM, Crandall, JR, Turner, S, Pilkey, WD, Simmons, R. (1997) A Protocol System for the Handling of Biohazardous Materials in a Research Facility. Proceedings of the 15th International System Safety Conference, Washington, DC.

Duma, SM, Kress, T, Porta, D, Martin, PG, Simmons, R, Alexander, C, Woods, C. (1997) Airbag-Induced Eye Injuries: Dummy and Cadaveric Experiments. Proceedings of the15th International System Safety Conference.

Duma, SM, Kress, TA, Porta, DJ, Martin, PG, Simmons, RJ, Alexander, CL. (1997) An Experimental Study of Airbag Impact to the Orbit Using an Instrumented Hybrid III Headform. Biomedical Sciences Instrumentation, 33: 59-64.

Duma, SM, Rudd, RW, Kress, T, Porta, D. (1997) A Pneumatic Airbag Deployment System for Experimental Testing. SAE Transactions: Journal of Passenger Cars-Mechanical Systems, 106(6) part 1: 214-222. Based on SAE Paper 970124.

Hall, GW, Crandall, JR, Klopp, GS, Pilkey, WD. (1997) Angular Rate Sensor Joint Kinematics Applications. Shock and Vibration, 4(4): 223-229.

Hall, GW, Klopp, GS, Crandall, JR, Carmines, D, Hale, J. (1997) Rate Independent Characteristics of an Arthroscopically Implantable Force Probe in the Achilles Tendon. Proceedings of the 21st Annual Meeting of the American Society of Biomechanics.

Kim, JW, Kho, KS, Shin, J. (1997) A Study on the Impact Characteristics for the Development of HI-FI (Highly Improved & Fully Integrated) Safety Vehicle, 5th G7 Next Generation Vehicle Technology Workshop.

Klopp, GS, Crandall, JR, Hall, GW, Hurwitz, S, Pilkey, WD, Eppinger, R, Khaewpong, N, Kuppa, S. (1997) Mechanisms of injury and injury criteria for the human foot and ankle in dynamic axial impacts to the foot. IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact.

Kuppa, S, Klopp, GS, Crandall, JR, Eppinger, R. (1997) Single Degree of Freedom Representation of the Hybrid III Dummy and Cadaver Lower Limb. International Workshop on Human Subjects for Biomechanical Research, 25, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, US DOT.

Luepongsak, N, Krebs, DE, Olsson, E, Riley, PO, Mann, RW. (1997) Hip stress during lifting with bent and straight knees. Scandinavian Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, 29(1): 57-64.

Martin, PG, Crandall, JR, Pilkey, WD, Chou, CC, Fileta, BB. (1997) Measurement Techniques for Angular Velocity and Acceleration in an impact Environment. SAE Transactions: Journal of Passenger Cars, 106(6): 985-991. Based on SAE Paper 970575.

Martin, PG, Crandall, JR, Pilkey, WD, Miller, T. (1997) Passenger Car Drivers: annual Injury Incidence and Costs Projected to 2005. Annual Proceedings/Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine, 41: 249-263.

Mathis, J, Evans, A, DeNardo, A, Kennett, K, Crandall, JR, Jensen, M, Dion, J. (1997) Hydrophilic Coatings Diminish Glue Catheter Adhesion: An in-vitro Simulation of NBCA Embolization. American Journal of Neuroradiology, 18(6): 1087-1091.

McGibbon, CA, Riley, PO, Krebs, DE. (1997) Comparison of Hip Center Estimation Using In-Vivo and Ex-Vivo Measurements From the Same Subject. Clinical Biomechanics, 12(7/8): 491-495.

Pilkey, WD, Kang, W, Schramm, U. (1997) Limiting performance analysis of large systems using an approximate optimization scheme. Finite Elements in Analysis and Design, 27(1): 7-17.

Riley, PO, Krebs, DE, Popat, RA. (1997) Biomechanical analysis of failed sit-to-stand. IEEE Transactions on Rehabilitation Engineering, 5(4): 353-359.

Rudd, RW, Crandall, JR, Duma, SM, Pilkey, WD. (1997) A Discussion of Lower Extremity Injuries in Automobile Crashes. Proceedings of the 15th International System Safety Conference.

Schramm, U, Rubenchik, V, Pilkey, WD. (1997) Beam Stiffness Matrix Based On the Elasticity Equations. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering, 40(2): 211-232.

Schreiber, P, Crandall, JR, Micek, T, Hurwitz, S. (1997) Static and Dynamic Bending Strength of the Leg. IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact.

Shaw, CG. (1997) The need to establish appropriate levels of crash protection for wheelchair riders in public transit vehicles. Proceedings of the Annual Rehabilitation Engineering Society of North America (RESNA) Conference.

Sieveka, EM, Duma, SM, Crandall, JR, Bass, CR, Pilkey, WD. (1997) Multi-Body Model of Upper Extremity Interaction with Deploying Airbag. SAE Transactions: Journal of Passenger Cars-Mechanical Systems, 106(6): 613-620. Based on SAE Paper 970398.

Takhounts, E, Crandall, JR, Matthews, B. (1997) Experimental Determination of Constitutive Equations for Brain Tissue. Proceedings of the 21st Annual Meeting of the American Society of Biomechanics.

Bass, CR, Duma, SM, Crandall, JR, Martin, PG, Pilkey, WD. (1996) Airbag Interaction with Cadaveric Upper Extremities. International Workshop on Human Subjects for Biomechanical Research, 24, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, US DOT.

Bass, CR, Hall, GW, Crandall, JR, Pilkey, WD. (1996) The Influence of Padding and Shoes on the Dynamic Response of Dummy Lower Extremities. Paper 961042, Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE).

Benson, B, Smith, G, Kent, RW, Monson, C. (1996) Effect of seat stiffness on out-of-position occupant response in rear-end collisions. SAE Transactions: Journal of Passenger Cars-Mechanical Systems, 105(6): 1958-1971. Based on SAE Paper 962434.

Crandall, JR, Bass, CR, Klopp, GS, Pilkey, WD, Morgan, R, Eppinger, R. (1996) Sled Tests with Toepan Intrusion using Post-Mortem Human Surrogates and the Hybrid III Dummy. IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact.

Crandall, JR, Bass, CR, Pilkey, WD, Morgan, R, Eppinger, R, Miller, H, Sikorski, J. (1996) An Evaluation of Thoracic Response and Injury with Belt, Airbag, and Constant Force Retractor Restraints’. NATO Conference on Crashworthiness in Transportation Systems: Structural Impact and Occupant Protection, Troia, Portugal.

Crandall, JR, Martin, PG, Bass, CR, Pilkey, WD, Dischinger, P, Burgess, A, O’Quinn, T, Schmidhauser, C. (1996) Foot and Ankle Injury: The Roles of Driver Anthropometry, Footwear and Pedal Controls. Annual Proceedings/Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine, 40: 1-18.

Crandall, JR, Martin, PG, Pilkey, WD. (1996) Variability of the Head Injury Criteria with the Hybrid III Dummy. Paper 960094, Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE).

Crandall, JR, Pilkey, WD, Kang, W, Bass, CR. (1996) Sensitivity of Occupant Response Subject to Prescribed Corridors for Impact Testing. Shock and Vibration, 3(6): 435-450.

Crandall, JR, Portier, L, Petit, P, Hall, GW, Bass, CR, Klopp, GS, Hurwitz, S, Pilkey, WD, Trosseille, X, Tarriere, C, Lassau, JP. (1996) Biomechanical response and physical properties of the leg, foot, and ankle. SAE Transactions: Journal of Passenger Cars, 105(6): 1853-1872. Based on SAE Paper 962424.

Hall, GW, Crandall, JR, Klisch, S, Klopp, GS, Pilkey, WD. (1996) Measurement of Dynamic Rotary Motion using Magnetohydrodynamic Angular Rate Sensors. Shock and Vibration Digest, 28(5): 12-17.

Hall, GW, Crandall, JR, Klopp, GS, Klisch, S, Pilkey, WD. (1996) Joint Kinematics with Angular Rate Sensors. Proceedings of the 69th Shock and Vibration Symposium.

Kennett, K, Crandall, JR, Bass, CR, Klopp, G. (1996) In Situ Measurement of Loads in the Tibia. International Workshop on Human Subjects for Biomechanical Research, 24, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, US DOT.

Pilkey, WD, Kang, W. (1996) Exact stiffness matrix for a beam element with axial force and shear deformation. Finite Elements in Analysis and Design, 22(1): 1-13.

Pilkey, WD. (1996) The Chebyshev norm as a deterministic alternative for problems with uncertainties. Probabilistic Engineering Mechanics, 11(4): 215-219.

Salzar, RS, Pindera, M, Barton, F. (1996) Elastic-Plastic Analysis of Layered Metal Matrix Composite Cylinders, Part I. Journal of pressure Vessel Technology, 118: 13-20.

Salzar, RS, Pindera, M, Barton, F. (1996) Elastic-Plastic Analysis of Layered Metal Matrix Composite Cylinders, Part II. Journal of pressure Vessel Technology, 118: 21-26.

Schenkman, M, Riley, PO, Pieper, C. (1996) Sit to Stand From Progressively Lower Seat Heights -- Alterations in Angular Velocity. Clinical Biomechanics, 11(3): 153-158).

Bass, CR, Wood, HG. (1995) Ciliary Motion by the FES method. American Society of Mechanical Engineers International Conference, San Francisco, November 17-22, 1995.

Bass, CR, Wood, HG. (1995) On Microwave Experiments in Dielectric Media to Simulate Nuclear Volumetric Heating. Nuclear Technology, 110(2): 273-284.

Crandall, JR, Jordan, A, Bass, CR, Klopp, GS, Pilkey, WD, Sieveka, EM. (1995) Reproducing the structural intrusion frontal offset crashes in the laboratory sled test environment. Paper 950643, Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE).

Crandall, JR, Kuhlmann, T, Pilkey, WD. (1995) Air bag and knee bolster restraint system: laboratory sled tests with human cadavers and the Hybrid III dummy. Journal of Trauma, 38(4): 517-520.

Crandall, JR, Martin, PG, Kuhlmann, T, Klopp, GS, Sieveka, EM, Pilkey, WD, Dischinger, P, Burgess, A, O’Quinn, T. (1995) The Influence of Footwell Intrusion on Lower Extremity Response and Injury in Frontal Crashes. Annual Proceedings/Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine, 39: 269-286.

Dupuis, GS, Pilkey, WD, Thacker, JG, Kang, W. (1995) Wheelchair crash structural computer model, Proceedings of the Annual Rehabilitation Engineering Society of North America (RESNA) Conference.

Kent, RW. (1995) Solution Needed for No-Shows. Aviation Week & Space Technology, 142(7): 7.

Klopp, GS, Crandall, JR, Hurwitz, SR, Pilkey, WD, Morgan, RM, Eppinger, RH, Kuppa, SM. (1995) Risk of Injury to the Human Ankle for Longitudinal Impacts to the Foot. International Conference on Pelvic and Lower Extremity Injuries.

Klopp, GS, Crandall, JR, Sieveka, EM, Pilkey, WD. (1995) Simulation of Muscle Tensing in Pre-Impact Bracing. IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact.

Klopp, GS, Hall, GW, Crandall, JR, Pilkey, WD. (1995) Measurement of Rotational Kinematics using Magnetohydrodynamic Angular Rate Sensors. International Workshop on Human Subjects for Biomechanical Research, 23, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, US DOT.

Kuppa, S, Sieveka, EM (1995) Dynamic Motion of the Floor Pan and Axial Loading Through the Feet in Frontal Crash Tests. IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact.

McLaurin, C, Shaw, CG, Myers, D. (1995) Universal tiedown and occupant restraint system for mobility aids. Proceedings of the Annual Rehabilitation Engineering Society of North America (RESNA) Conference.

Miller, T, Martin, PG, Crandall, JR. (1995) Cost of Lower Limb Injuries in Highway Crashes. Proceedings of the International Conference on Pelvic and Lower Extremity Injuries, Washington, D. C.

Pilkey, WD, Kang, W, Schramm, U. (1995) New structural matrices for a beam element with shear deformation. Finite Elements in Analysis and Design, 19: 25-44.

Pilkey, WD, Kang, W, Shaw, CG, Thacker, JG. (1995) Change of handling and rollover stability of vans due to body raise. Proceedings of the Annual Rehabilitation Engineering Society of North America (RESNA) Conference.

Riley, PO, Benda, BJ, Gillbody, KM, Krebs, DE. (1995) Phase Plane Analysis of Stability in Quiet Standing. Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development, 32: 227-235.

Salzar, RS, Thubrikar, MJ, Eppink, RT. (1995) pressure-induced mechanical stress in the carotid artery bifurcation: a possible correlation to atherosclerosis. Journal of Biomechanics, 28(11): 1333-1340.

Salzar, RS. (1995) Functionally Graded Metal Matrix Composite Tubes. Composites Engineering, 5: 851.

Salzar, RS. (1995) Functionally Graded Metal-Matrix Composite Tubes. Composites Engineering, 5(7): 891-900.

Schreiber, P, Crandall, JR, Dekel, E, Hall, GW, Pilkey, WD. (1995) The Effects of Lower Extremity Boundary Conditions on Ankle Response during Joint Rotation Tests. International Workshop on Human Subjects for Biomechanical Research, 23, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, US DOT.

Sieveka, EM, Crandall, JR, Pilkey, WD. (1995) Evaluation of Toepan Padding and Lower Extremity Impact Loading Using Computer Simulation of Occupant Kinetics. International Conference on Pelvic and Lower Extremity Injuries, 309, 316

Sieveka, EM, Kitis, Levent, Pilkey, WD. (1995) Testing and Modeling of an Automobile Seat in Frontal and Rear Collisions. ASME Meeting - Crashworthiness and Occupant Protection in Transportation Systems.

Angeloni, C, Riley, PO, Krebs, DE. (1994) Frequency content of whole body gait kinematic data. IEEE Transactions on Rehabilitation Engineering, 2(1): 40-46.

Crandall, JR, Klopp, GS, Klisch, S, Kennett, K, Morgan, R, Eppinger, R. (1994) Instrumentation Package for the Lower Extremities. International Workshop on Human Subjects for Biomechanical Research, 22, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, US DOT.

Crandall, JR, Klopp, GS, Klisch, S, Sieveka, S, Pilkey, WD, Martin, PG. (1994) Research Program to Investigate Lower Extremity Injuries. Paper 940711, Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE).

Crandall, JR, Kuhlmann, T, Martin, PG, Pilkey, WD. (1994) Differing Patterns of Head and Facial Injury with Airbag and/or Belt Restrained Drivers in Frontal Collisions. Advances in Occupant Restraint Technologies: Joint AAAM-IRCOBI Special Session.

Crandall, JR, Pilkey, WD, Klopp, GS, Pilkey, B, Morgan, R, Eppinger, R, Kuppa, S, Sharpless, C. (1994) A Comparison of Two and Three Point Restraint Systems. Advances in Occupant Restraint Technologies: Joint AAAM and IRCOBI Special Session.

Crandall, JR, Pilkey, WD, Sturgill, B. (1994) Evaluation of Preservation Methods for Cadavers: Hard Tissue Investigation. International Workshop on Human Subjects for Biomechanical Research, 22, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, US DOT.

Crandall, JR, Pilkey, WD. (1994) Material Properties of Preserved Biomechanical Test Specimens. 12th U.S. National Congress of Biomechanics.

Crandall, JR, Pilkey, WD. (1994) The Preservation of Human Surrogates for Impact Studies. Proceedings of the 13th Southern Biomedical Engineering Conference, Engineering Research Center, University of DC, Washington, DC, 582-585.

Dischinger, P, Burgess, A, Cushing, B, Pilkey, WD, Crandall, JR, Sieveka, EM, Klopp, G. (1994) Lower Extremity Trauma in Vehicular Front-Seat Occupants. Proceedings of the 4th Injury Prevention through Biomechanics Symposium, Centers for Disease Control.

Gill-Body, KM, Krebs, DE, Parker, SW, Riley, PO. (1994) Physical therapy management of peripheral vestibular dysfunction: two clinical case reports. Physical Therapy 74(2): 129-142.

Hutchinson EB, Riley, PO, Krebs DE. (1994) A dynamic analysis of the joint forces and torques during rising from a chair. IEEE Transactions on Rehabilitation Engineering, 2(2): 49-56

Kennett, K, Crandall, JR, Pilkey, WD. (1994) Warming of Cadaveric Specimens. International Workshop on Human Subjects for Biomechanical Research, 22, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, US DOT.

McKinney, R, Myers, D, Moody, D, McKinney, B, Martin, PG, Crandall, JR. (1994) A New Laceration Prediction System. International Workshop on Human Subjects for Biomechanical Research, 22, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, US DOT.

Morgan, R, Eppinger, R, Haffner, M, Yoganandan, N, Pintar, F, Sauces, A, Crandall, JR, Pilkey, WD, Klopp, GS, Kallieris, D, Miltner, E, Mattern, R, Kuppa, S, Sharpless, C. (1994) Thoracic trauma assessment formulations for restrained drivers in simulated frontal impacts. Paper 942206, Stapp Car Crash Conference Proceedings, 38.

Pilkey, WD, Kang, W, Shaw, CG. (1994) Crash Response of Wheelchair Occupants with Different Sitting Postures in Transport. Proceedings of the Annual Rehabilitation Engineering Society of North America (RESNA) Conference.

Pilkey, WD, Sieveka, EM, Crandall, JR, Klopp, G. (1994) The Influence of Foot Placement and Vehicular Intrusion on Occupant Lower Limb Injury in Full-Frontal and Frontal-Offset Crashes. Paper 94-S4-W31, Proceedings of the 14th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV).

Pindera, M, Salzar, RS, Williams, T. (1994) Optimization of Residual Stresses in MMC's Using Compensating/Compliant Interfacial Layers, Part II - OPTCOMP User's Guide, NASA Contractor Report 195337, NASA-Lewis Research Center.

Salzar, RS, Barton, FW. (1994) Inelastic Response of Metal Matrix Composite Tubes. Space '94, The 4th International Conference and Exposition on Engineering, Construction, and Operations in Space, Albuquerque, New Mexico.

Salzar, RS, Barton, FW. (1994) Residual-Stress Optimization in Metal-Matrix Composites Using Discretely Graded Interfaces. Composites Engineering, 4(1): 115-128.

Shaw, CG, Lapidot, A, Scavnicky, M, Schneider, L, Roy, P. (1994) Interlaboratory study of proposed compliance test protocol for wheelchair tiedown and occupant restraint systems. Paper 942229, Stapp Car Crash Conference Proceedings, 38.

Shaw, CG, Lapidot, A, Scavnicky, M, Thacker, J, Schneider, L, Manary, M, Roy, P, Savage, G, Witherington, C, Day, D. (1994) Wheelchair tiedown interlaboratory test. Proceedings of the Annual Rehabilitation Engineering Society of North America (RESNA) Conference.

Thacker, J, Shaw, CG. (1994) Safe and secure. Team Rehab Report. 5(2): 26-30.

Crandall, JR, Sieveka, EM, Pilkey, WD. (1993) The Influence of Muscle Tension on Lower Extremity Response. International Workshop on Human Subjects for Biomechanical Research, 21, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, US DOT.

Jevsevar, DS, Riley, PO, Hodge, WA, Krebs, DE. (1993) Knee kinematics and kinetics during locomotor activities of daily living in subjects with knee arthroplasty and in healthy control subjects. Physical Therapy, 73(4): 229-239.

Krebs, DE, Gillbody, KM, Riley, PO, Parker, SW. (1993) Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial of Rehabilitation for Bilateral Vestibular Hypofunction - Preliminary-Report. Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, 109(4): 735-741.

Kuhlmann, T, Crandall, JR, Sieveka, EM, Pilkey, WD. (1993) Simulation of Seat Belt Slack, Airbags, and Head Injury Criteria. Proceedings of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine.

Parker, SW, Krebs, DE, Gillbody, KM, Riley, PO. (1993) A Controlled Trial of the Efficacy of Vestibular Physical Therapy for the Disequilibrium of Bilateral Vestibular Hypofunction. Neurology, 43(4): A234.

Pindera, M, Salzar, RS, Williams, T. (1993) An Analytical/Numerical Correlation Study of the Multiple Concentric Cylinder Model for the Thermoplastic Response of Metal Matrix Composites, NASA Contractor Report 191142, NASA-Lewis Research Center.

Pindera, M, Salzar, RS, Williams, T. (1993) An Evaluation of a New Approach for the Thermoplastic Response of Metal Matrix Composites. Composites Engineering, 3: 1185.

Salzar, RS, Barton, FW. (1993) Residual Stress Optimization in Metal Matrix Composites Using Discretely-Graded Interfaces (abstract) Proceedings Meet'N'93, Joint ASCE-ASME-SES, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Salzar, RS, Thubrikar, M, Eppink, R. (1993) Pressure Induced Wall Stress and Atherosclerosis in the Carotid Artery Bifurcation (abstract) Annals of Biomedical Engineering, 21.

Shaw, CG, Lapidot, A, Scavnicky, M, Haxel, B, Bolton, JR, Klopp, G. (1993) Testing Procedures for Wheelchair Securement System Standards. Proceedings of the Annual Rehabilitation Engineering Society of North America (RESNA) Conference.

Shaw, CG. (1993) Elderly clients in Seating and Mobility for Persons with Physical Disabilities. Therapy Skill Builders Publisher.

Sprigle, S, Thacker, J, Conley, P, Shaw, CG. (1993) Setting standards. Team Rehab Report. 4(1): 14-19.

Zachazewski JE, Riley, PO, Krebs DE. (1993) Biomechanical Analysis of Body-Mass Transfer During Stair Ascent and Descent of Healthy-Subjects. Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development, 30(4): 412-422.

Crandall, JR, Pilkey, WD, Sturgill, B. (1992) Radiologic Analysis of Cadaver Impact Injuries. International Workshop on Human Subjects for Biomechanical Research, 21, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, US DOT.

Givens-Heiss, DL, Krebs, DE, Riley, PO, Strickland, EM, Fares, M, Hodge, WA, Mann, RW. (1992) In vivo acetabular contact pressures during rehabilitation, Part II: Postacute phase. Physical Therapy, 72(10): 700-705.

Krebs, DE, Wong, D, Jevsevar, D, Riley, PO, Hodge, WA. (1992) Trunk kinematics during locomotor activities. Physical Therapy 72(7): 505-514.

Pilkey, WD, Duch, M, Crandall, JR, Klopp, GS, Zuck, J. (1992) Dynamic Deformation Measurements for Human Surrogates Testing. Proceedings of the 63rd Shock and Vibration Symposium.

Pindera, M, Williams, T, Salzar, RS, Arnold, S. (1992) Optimization of Residual Stresses in Metal Matrix Composites Using the Multiple Concentric Cylinder Model. NASA Conference Publication 10104, Proceedings of the 5th Annual HITEMP Review, 2: 34.

Salzar, RS, Barton, FW, Ramsey, R. (1992) Optimum Design of Laminated Composites, Proceedings Space '92, ASCE Engineering, Construction, and Operations in Space III, Denver, Colorado.

Shaw, CG, Taylor, S. (1992) A survey of wheelchair seating problems of the institutionalized elderly. Assistive Technology 3(1): 5-10.

Shaw, CG. (1992) Wheelchair seat comfort for the institutionalized elderly. Assistive Technology, 3(1): 11-23.

Strickland, EM, Fares, M, Krebs, DE, Riley, PO, Givens-Heiss, DL, Hodge, WA, Mann, RW. (1992) In vivo acetabular contact pressures during rehabilitation, Part I: Acute phase. Physical Therapy, 72(10): 691-699.

Yang, BS, Pilkey, WD, Fergusson, NJ. (1992) Frequency dependent element matrices for rotor dynamics analysis. Journal of Sound and Vibration, 159(2): 339-351.

Cohen, R. Sieveka, EM, Pilkey, WD. (1991) Crash-rate and door-padding effects in side impact simulation. Paper S5-O-21, Proceedings of the 13th International Technical Conference on Experimental Safety Vehicles.

Crandall, JR, Pilkey, WD, Sturgill, B. (1991) Investigation to Characterize the Influence of Fixation Methods upon the Biomechanical Properties of Cadavers in an Impact Environment. International Workshop on Human Subjects for Biomechanical Research, 19, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, US DOT.

Ikeda, ER, Schenkman, ML, Riley, PO, Hodge, WA. (1991) Influence of age on dynamics of rising from a chair. Physical Therapy, 71(6): 473-481.

Krebs, DE, Elbaum, L, Riley, PO, Hodge, WA, Mann, RW. (1991) Exercise and gait effects on in vivo hip contact pressures. Physical Therapy, 71(4): 301-309.

Riley, PO, Schenkman, ML, Mann, RW, Hodge, WA. (1991) Mechanics of A Constrained Chair-Rise. Journal of Biomechanics, 24(1): 77-85.

Salzar, RS, Thubrikar, M, Eppink, R. (1991) Pressure-Induced Mechanical Stress and Atherosclerosis in the Carotid Artery Bifurcation (abstract) Annals of Biomedical Engineering, 19: 587.

Salzar, RS, Thubrikar, M, Eppink, R. (1991) Pressure-Induced Mechanical Stress and Atherosclerosis in the Carotid Bifurcation. Annals of Biomedical Engineering, 19: 587.

Bass, CR, Wood III, H. (1990) Thermal Hydraulic Characterization of a Variable Fluid Properties, Cryogenic Neutron Source. American Physical Society, Division of Fluid Dynamics Conference.

Jeng, SF, Schenkman, M, Riley, PO, Lin, SJ. (1990) Reliability of a clinical kinematic assessment of the sit-to-stand movement. Physical Therapy, 70(8): 511-520.

Riley, PO, Mann, RW, Hodge, WA. (1990) Modelling of the Biomechanics of Posture and Balance. Journal of Biomechanics, 23(5): 503-506.

Schenkman, M, Berger, RA, Riley, PO, Mann, RW, Hodge, WA. (1990) Whole-body movements during rising to standing from sitting. Physical Therapy, 70(10): 638-648.

Shaw, CG, Taylor, S, Monahan, L. (1990) Institutionalized elderly wheelchair seat comfort interim report. Proceedings of the Annual Rehabilitation Engineering Society of North America (RESNA) Conference.

Thubrikar, MJ, Salzar, RS, Eppink, RT. (1990) Correlation between intramural stress and atherosclerotic lesions in human carotid-artery bifurcation. Arteriosclerosis, 10: 5, A821-A821.

Hodge, WA, Carlson, KL, Fijan, RS, Burgess, RG, Riley, PO, Harris, WH, Mann, RW. (1989) Contact pressures from an instrumented hip endoprosthesis. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery (AM) 71A(9): 1378-1386.

Shaw, CG, Monahan, L. (1989) Survey of seating providers for patients with traumatic brain injury. Proceedings of the Annual Rehabilitation Engineering Society of North America (RESNA) Conference.